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Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Meghalaya, India
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Community Forestry International (2011) Umiam Sub-Watershed REDD+ Project, Meghalaya, India

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Presentation from the South Asian Media Briefing Workshop on Climate Change, November 2011. …

Presentation from the South Asian Media Briefing Workshop on Climate Change, November 2011.

http://www.cseindia.org/content/cses-south-asian-media-briefing-workshop-climate-change-2011

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  • 1. UMIAM SUB-WATERSHED REDD+ PROJECT, MEGHALAYA, INDIA 1
  • 2. 2
  • 3. 3
  • 4. Khasi Hills, Meghalaya 4
  • 5. Forest Cover Change of East Khasi Hills District, Meghlaya: 2001 - 2007 Year Geographic Dense Open Total Area Forest Forest Forest (Km2) (Km2) (Km2) (Km2)2001 2,820 997 1,553 2,5502007 2,820 1235 844 2079Annual - - - 3.08% Loss 5
  • 6. 6
  • 7. Forest Cover Change 1990-2010
  • 8. Project OverviewTotal Project Area = 17,052 ha• Total Forest Cover = 8106 ha, of which 3652 ha is Dense forest and 4454 ha is Open forest• The Net CO2 additionality per year on account of Avoided Deforestation and Degradation and Afforestation in the Project Area works out as under:• Gross 27,246 mt. CO2 Reduction at 60% level of 16,348 mt. CO2 Gross Subtract Leakage 30% 4904 mt. CO2• Net CO2 11,444 mt. CO2 8
  • 9. Project Design Process• The time line of the processes that influenced the design activities stipulated in the Project were as under:2002 – 2004: Project Identification Phase – Social Appraisal through intensive Case Studies of selected areas in all the North Eastern States. Formation of a Community Forestry Working Group for North East India and the Selection of 2 villages in Hima Mawphlang, East Khasi Hills for Payment for Environmental Services (PES) Pilot Project implementation.2005 - 2006: Project Design Phase – Based on dialogue with indigenous inhabitants, the main drivers of deforestation were identified and mitigation activities agreed upon in a Conservation Resolution adopted by the Community members.2007 – 2009: Project Implementation Phase – Based on the Identified Drivers of Deforestation and degradation and required Mitigation Activities, a Forest Landscape Restoration Scheme (FLRS) was drawn up for implementation in Lyngkien Sunei and Lyngkien Ramklang villages of Hima Mawphlang. The Project covered an area of 1198.64 ha.2010 - : Data collection and preparation of a Draft Khasi Hills Community Forestry REDD Project – Search for Early Implementation Financing. 9
  • 10. The main Drivers of Deforestation and Degradation and Mitigating measuresundertaken to protect forests and biodiversity: Main Drivers Mitigating Measures• Forest Fires • FireLines/Watchers• Fuelwood collection • Fuel efficient stoves• Quarrying • Total ban• Grazing • Animal exchange & Stall feeding• Erosion & loss of biomass • Vegetative check dams & afforestation • Rehabilitation & protection of• Destruction of habitats of rare orchids & endangered species amphibians habitat 10
  • 11. Firelines 11
  • 12. Smokeless, Fuel-Efficient Stoves 12
  • 13. Banned Quarry SiteBEFORE (2007) AFTER (2009) 13
  • 14. Stall-Fed Pig Raising 14
  • 15. Stall Fed – Chicken Rearing 15
  • 16. Assissted Natural Regeneration BEFORE (2007) AFTER (2009) 16
  • 17. Artificially Created Amphibian Habitat 17
  • 18. Wind Fallen Branch containing 6 different spp of orchids and 5 different fern Spp 18
  • 19. Rehabilitated Epiphytes 19
  • 20. Community training, project technician start writingPlan Vivo with community and evaluating their viability
  • 21. Past Project Financing• Small grants from MacArthur Foundation 2005-2010• Major expenses include: – CFANE Administrative and Technical support office – Contracts with community organizers – Contracts with Lower Working Committee (LWC) – Contracts with support NGOs for micro-finance training, extension activities – Award Payments to Project Communities 21
  • 22. Meetings with KHADC & Govt. Officials• Khasi Hill Autonomous District Council has approved the Project Proposal• Chief Secretary to the Meghalaya Govt. also approved the approach
  • 23. Plan VivoWhat is Plan Vivo?• Plan Vivo is a certification and development framework for community-led land-use projects and programmes.• Projects support communities to improve their livelihoods, reduce poverty and conserve and restore local ecosystems.What do Plan Vivo projects do?• In each project, an in-country project coordinator (project developer and manager) acts as a support centre and aggregator.• The project coordinator helps smallholders and community groups to write management plans (plan vivos) for sustainable land-use activities
  • 24. Characteristic plan of Vivo Approach• Based on Bottom-up Experience. Plan Vivo was initially conceived in 1994 to connect poor forest dependent and farming communities farmers to carbon markets and financing. Plan Vivo’s approach based on experiences from 13 countries.• Participants work together at a landscape level• Projects scale-up and improve over time• Implemented by Communities• Activities are designed to have long-term value.• Long-term payments for ecosystem services (PES) provide continued incentives.
  • 25. Monitoring & Payments• Independent certification and registry Environmental registry with unique serial numbers• Pooled risk buffer: CO2 benefits are secured by the Plan Vivo risk buffer• Poverty reduction and benefit-sharing: Plan Vivo is the only standard to require direct payments to communities• Biodiversity and other ecosystem benefits:• Plan Vivo is the only standard where planting is always limited to indigenous species
  • 26. Plan Vivo Contact Information• Contact Us• www.planvivo.org info@planvivofoundation.org• Plan Vivo Foundation• 18b Liberton Brae• Edinburgh, Scotland Tel: +44(0)131 672 3782• The Plan Vivo Foundation is a charity registered in• Scotland, number SC040151
  • 27. Write and submit Project Idea Note (PIN) to Plan Vivo Foundation for registration Project Identification Note for the Umiam Sub-watershed REDD+ Project East Khasi Hills District Meghalaya, India Khasi Hills Autonomous SYNJUK District Council Umiam Sub-watershed Community Forestry FederationCommunity Forestry Alliance North East (CFANE) Submitted to Plan Vivo May16, 2011 27
  • 28. Define project role and responsibilities Governance Structure: Early Implementation Umiam Sub-watershed REDD Project, Meghalaya, India Carbon Buyers on Plan Vivo Private Voluntary Foundation and Bi- Markets lateral Donors Megahlaya State Govt. Community Technical Forestry Consultants, 3rd International Khasi Hills Party Verifiers Autonomous Rupataran, Community District Council BRDT, etc. Forestry Alliance (KHADC) for Northeast India (Project Manager Forestry and Livelihood Specialist) Community Umiam Sub-Watershed Facilitators Community Forest Federation Extension Lower Working Workers Committee 57 Villages SHGs-Livelihood Activities 28
  • 29. Stages of Plan Vivo Project Development & Registration
  • 30. Tasks Remaining• Set up Project Fund and database• Write & Submit Project Design Document (PDD) to Plan Vivo Foundation
  • 31. THANK YOU 31

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