Tracy johns update unfccc redd process


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Workshop on South‐South collaboration on REDD demonstration

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Tracy johns update unfccc redd process

  1. 1. The Woods Hole Research Center The Forum on Readiness for REDD and Update on UNFCCC REDD Process
  2. 2. The Forum on Readiness for REDD A multi-stakeholder forum focused on practical multi- approaches for building REDD readiness through: cross- cross-stakeholder dialogue and priority-setting priority- South- South-South collaboration linking local and international expertise with country goals to support readiness activities
  3. 3. Advisory Committee •Etienne Massard, Environment Ken Andrasko, Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Ministry, Gabon Robert Bamfo, Ghana Forestry •Charles McNeill, UNDP Commission •Paulo Moutinho, Instituto de Fred Boltz, Conservation International Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia (IPAM), Brazil Vicky Tauli-Corpuz, UN Permanent Tauli- Forum on Indigenous Issues •Xavier Mugumya, National Forestry Ken Creighton, WWF Authority, Uganda Andrea García Guerrero, Colombia •Peter Ndunda, The Greenbelt Environment Ministry Movement Juan Carlos Jinitach, Amazon •Andreas Tveteraas, Govt of Norway’s Alliance/COICA Initiative on Climate & Forests Omaliss Keo, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries, Cambodia •Dan Zarin, The Packard Foundation
  4. 4. Advisory Committee Role Committee will: Decide among options for Forum activities and direction Guide Secretariat in carrying out the administration of the Forum Take advantage of synergies and avoid duplication with many organizations represented to maximize Forum effectiveness First Advisory Committee meeting April 5 in Bonn Agenda will include: review and finalize governance structure, review and select activities for 2009, discuss scope of activities for 2010
  5. 5. Forum Readiness Workshop, Accra, August 2008 Hosted jointly by Ghana Ministry of Lands, Forestry and Mines and the Ghana Forestry Commission Over 80 international participants Regional Breakout groups identified readiness priorities for their region Workshop report at
  6. 6. Critical Elements identified in African Breakout Groups Define stakeholders and their roles and responsibilities in order to strengthen participation, especially of Indigenous Peoples and local communities Integrate REDD strategies into existing social, environmental, and economic objectives and frameworks Create networks for generating awareness, sharing information, and educating stakeholders Coordinate information on opportunities for REDD pilot projects Develop in-country capacities for measuring, monitoring, and in- accounting for carbon stocks and fluxes from deforestation and forest degradation
  7. 7. Practical Steps Near- Near-Term (2009) Inventory financial, technical, and institutional needs that must be met for a successful REDD strategy Develop structures and support for regular meetings and information- information- sharing among stakeholders Develop mechanisms to share information, data, and experiences at the national information, and regional levels Mid- Long- Mid- to Long-Term Develop long-term REDD vision and how it fits with development strategy long- Determine social and economic incentives for avoiding deforestation and forest degradation Determine baselines for forest carbon stocks and fluxes
  8. 8. Overview of Readiness Activities A background document prepared by WHRC on readiness activities around the world Highlights specific programs, projects, and pilot activities – NOT comprehensive “Living document” – update for Copenhagen Available at
  9. 9. Film on Introduction to REDD Development by INCEF ( International Conservation and Education Fund) ( ( Film will be designed for use by grassroots networks, civil society groups and NGOs to introduce indigenous and forest-dependent communities and networks to forest- REDD Local language Local voices on forests, deforestation, climate change Basic concepts and process of REDD and how to get involved We welcome input!
  10. 10. South- South-South Collaboration workshops on implementing REDD, Amazonas, Brazil: Feb 10-13 and March 16-19 2009 10- 16-
  11. 11. Indicative Guidance (FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1* ) 1. Demonstration activities should be undertaken with approval of host Party; 2. Estimates of reductions or increases of emissions should be results based, demonstrable, transparent, verifiable, and estimated consistently over time; 3. Emission reductions from national demonstration activities should be assessed on the basis of national emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; 4. Subnational demonstration activities should be assessed within the boundary used for the demonstration, and assessed for associated displacement of emissions;
  12. 12. Indicative Guidance cont’d (FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1* ) 5. Reductions in emissions or increases resulting from the demonstration activity should be based on historical emissions, taking into account national circumstances; 6. Subnational approaches, where applied, should constitute a step towards the development of national approaches, reference levels and estimates; 7. Demonstration activities should be consistent with sustainable forest management 8. Experiences in implementing activities should be reported and made available via the Web platform; 9. Independent expert review is encouraged
  13. 13. Poznan 2008 SBSTA conclusions highlights (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/L.23) Promoting the readiness of developing countries Recognizing the need to promote the full and effective participation of indigenous people and local communities launch by the secretariat of the Web Platform on the UNFCCC website 31.php
  14. 14. Poznan 2008 SBSTA conclusions highlights cont’d (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/L.23) The use of the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines For National Greenhouse Inventories and encouraging the use of the Good Practice Guidance For Land Use, Land-Use Change and Land- Forestry as appropriate The need to establish robust and transparent national forest monitoring systems, following consideration of their requirements If appropriate, the need to establish robust and transparent sub- sub- national forest monitoring systems, following consideration of their requirements
  15. 15. Issue: Scale of Accounting/Crediting National/Subnational- National/Subnational-level approach: National approach: accounting and crediting against national baseline Reduces problems with leakage that kept REDD out of CDM Supports development of cross-sectoral policies to address cross- drivers of deforestation Subnational approach: accounting and crediting against activity- activity-level baseline with leakage discount May allow broader initial participation allow Quicker start Promotes private sector financing Question: How to link these approaches for maximum participation and environmental effectiveness? Hybrid approaches using subnational crediting and tracking under national accounting framework?
  16. 16. Issue: Baselines National historical reference period based on emissions Forward- Forward-looking baseline modeling future „business as usual“ emissions Baseline of carbon stocks Global average emissions baseline Hybrid approach Using combination of historical emissions and carbon stocks
  17. 17. Issue: Scope Include degradation? Include maintenance of carbon stocks? Include regrowth/increase in carbon stocks? Costa Rica – declining deforestation Congo Basin – limited degradation Brazil – extensive historical deforestation
  18. 18. Issue: Financing Mechanism Market: Credits created for emissions reduced, which can be sold to industrialized countries to meet emission reduction targets Non- Non-market approach: Annex I countries contribute voluntarily to a fund not linked to market Levy on emissions trading to fund REDD Hybrid approaches Separate market for REDD credits And many others....
  19. 19. REDD negotiations in 2009 Bonn, 29 March-8 April March- Bonn, 1-12 June 1- Bangkok, 28 September-9 October September- Arrangements for additional meetings before Copenhagen if necessary Copenhagen, 7 -18 December
  20. 20. Thanks for your attention Tracy Johns, The Woods Hole Research Center