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Thais linhares fundo amazonia

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Workshop: South‐South collaboration on REDD demonstration activities, Manaus Brazil 2009

Workshop: South‐South collaboration on REDD demonstration activities, Manaus Brazil 2009

Published in: Technology

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  • 1. Brazilian Forest Service • Created in 2006 by the Public Forests Law (Lei 11.284 de 2006). • The Brazilian Forest Service is fundamentally an institution for promoting sustainable use of forests. • It is in process to become an autonomous public institution supervised by the Ministry o the Environment.
  • 2. Brazilian Forest Service • Responsible for management of public forests. • Brazil’s public forests: 210.870.585 hectares of registered public forests. 198.5 million hectares are federal public forests. 12.4 million hectares are state public forests.
  • 3. Brazilian Forest Service • Responsible for management of public forests. • Main project areas: Forest concessions (public-private partnerships in forest activity). Communitarian forest management. Forest information. Funding, R & D and development of capabilities for sustainable use of forests.
  • 4. Amazon Fund Background • PPCDAM. • PAS • ARPA. • ZEE • Trustworthy monitoring system (PRODES). • Information. • Institutional commitment to reduce deforestation (national, sub-national, society).
  • 5. Deforestation in the Amazon Region
  • 6. The Amazon Fund will provide support to achieve the goals of the National Plan on Climate Change, in special the goal 4: Reduction of deforestation rate by 40% in the period 2006-2010, in comparison with the average deforestation rate of the period 1996-2005, and 30% reduction in the next two following quadrennial periods. Fund-raising for the Amazon Fund is based on the effective reduction of CO emissions due to deforestation 2 in the Brazilian Amazon. Only when the deforestation rate declines will donations be accepted.
  • 7. PRINCIPLES • Forests are assets which hold economic, social, and environmental value. • Conserving the forests achieve local and global goals of sustainable development. • The best strategy to conserve the forests is to assume its total value when formulating policies. • Local population should be benefited by initiatives to conserve the forests.
  • 8. STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES • To demonstrate that international negotiations on REDD initiatives can be effectively put into place. • REDD initiatives will attend the principles of effectiveness, efficiency and equity when they privilege scale, cost-effectiveness and equity. • The Amazon Fund is a demonstrative initiative to point to negotiations of deforestation reduction in “wholesale” scale.
  • 9. OBJECTIVES • To reduce Amazon deforestation rates. • To promote biodiversity conservation. • To promote sustainable local development in the Amazon region and address the economic and social cost of reducing deforestation. • To promote institutional change capable of ensuring permanent conservation policies.
  • 10. GOVERNANCE • The Amazon Fund is a Brazilian initiative which is led by the government but is not governmental: The Amazon Fund accrues to the Brazilian society.
  • 11. Guidelines Steering Committee Technical certification of Technical Committee emissions’ reduction Transparency and Financial and Material Third- accountability Part Auditing Operations BNDES
  • 12. The Steering Committee • Composed by representatives from the federal government, the states of the Legal Amazon and from the civil society. • The Steering Committee is responsible for ensuring that projects will be in line with the fund’s objectives and with the guidelines of the main governmental plans for promoting sustainable development and reducing deforestation.
  • 13. The Technical Committee • The Technical Committee is composed of six notables in science and technology, appointed by the Ministry of the Environment, based on a list submitted by the Brazilian Climate Change Forum.
  • 14. Challenges • To find good projects to support. • To build an efficient operational structure. • To involve local communities and indigenous population. • To coordinate supported projects with national and sub-national policies.
  • 15. Challenges • To produce visible, quantifiable results in short term. • To prove that funds for reducing deforestation do not need to attached to complex baselines and calculations.