Workshop South south
Cooperation for REDD activities
Manaus 16-19 mars 2009
Madagascar key facts
             • One of the main source of green house gas
               emissions is deforestation

 ...
2005

              2000

       1990

1950
National REDD process
•   Climate change platform created
•   REDD Committee in place
•   R-Plan :REDD Readiness plan bein...
What deforestation is
occurring in Madagascar?


Total area 59.2 (million ha)


Total natural forest (million ha)
    1990...
Madagascar’s experiences of forest
               carbon
• The Mantadia corridor:                             Makira
   – ...
National baseline
            approach
• National approach:
    – 3 sites: biomass inventory,
      methodology, socio-eco...
Sites                    1. Haute Ramena: 42 000
                                    ha, PCD, TGRN, Tavy

                ...
Pilot projects
50% to communities for improved land stewardship
25% to forest management
15% to Ministry monitoring
5% to verification
5%...
Ankeniheny Zahamena
   Corridor Project
• One of the most important areas for
biodiversity in Madagascar with 40-50% of al...
Location of the CAZ Project

                                  Zahamena
                                 National Park



...
Principal land uses = causes of Deforestation

    (Tavy)                (Savoka)    Eucalyptus
Slash-and-burn            ...
Deforestation in CAZ


 Corridor     Total area   Forest 2005      Forest
                                         loss(Ha...
REDD Component
Challenges for REDD projects
• Start-up costs
• Classic protected areas issues:
   – Finding appropriate alternatives
   –...
Objectives of the REDD project

 •Reduce emissions from deforestation through the
 creation of the 425,000 hectares NPA
  ...
Main project activities

 Objetives of RED Project




 Target loss   Deforest    tCO2e/Ha   tCO2 avoided     Revenue
  (H...
Governance and Management Structure

. Decision-making group: MEFT(leader,
carbon aggregator, signs agreements with
landho...
Project design: stakeholders
                                 Government of Madagascar                   ERPA
            ...
Costs and Investment


Project implementation costs financed by CI,
USAID and others;
World Bank’s BioCarbon Fund has boug...
Part 4:

Project status
and next steps
Project Methodology


BioCF’s RED Mosaic Deforestation methodology is used
- CI responsible for PDD preparation, with BioC...
Main steps?

•   Analysis of historical Land use and Land cover
    change in the reference region, leakage belt
    and p...
What factors were taken into
 account in establishing the
 baseline/what data sources

• Most of the factors that have a
 ...
•   What is the monitoring strategy? What kind of remote sensing is
    being used vs. ground-based measurement? Sample-ba...
Baseline deforestation during the project term




                                  Predicted distribution of deforestati...
Potential contribution of REDD
      to protected area financing
  National Protected Areas Funding gap: approximately $7 ...
Restoration Component
Challenges for habitat restoration
• Research and development
  of appropriate restoration
  techniques
• Training of loca...
Restoration of unique threatened
                habitat
                                       • 7 local associations run...
Sustainable Livelihoods: addressing leakage, and sustaining communities



•   Improved use of fallow land (Savoka
    gar...
•   MISAOTRA TOMPOKO
•   OBRIGADO
•   THANK YOU
•   MERCI
Rakotobe   madagascar project
Rakotobe   madagascar project
Rakotobe   madagascar project
Rakotobe   madagascar project
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Rakotobe madagascar project

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Workshop on South‐South collaboration on REDD demonstration

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Rakotobe madagascar project

  1. 1. Workshop South south Cooperation for REDD activities Manaus 16-19 mars 2009
  2. 2. Madagascar key facts • One of the main source of green house gas emissions is deforestation • > 75% of the population of 18 million is rural and dependent on the land and its natural resources • Very high number of endemic species • Unparalleled levels of endemism at the genus Madagascar and family levels: Key facts • 25 endemic families; • 209 plant genera; 6 families • 34 bird genera; 5 families • 15 mammal genera; 5 families
  3. 3. 2005 2000 1990 1950
  4. 4. National REDD process • Climate change platform created • REDD Committee in place • R-Plan :REDD Readiness plan being established • National Institution for national data and carbon monitoring: ONE • National methodology for monitoring • Integrating SWAP process • Linked with tripling surface of protected areas • Integrating PES approach • Reform of land tenure policy
  5. 5. What deforestation is occurring in Madagascar? Total area 59.2 (million ha) Total natural forest (million ha) 1990 : 10.6 2000 : 9.7 2005 : 9.4 Rate of deforestation 40,000 hectares per year (0.53% per year)
  6. 6. Madagascar’s experiences of forest carbon • The Mantadia corridor: Makira – Ankeniheny-Zahamena Protected Area (425,000 hectares) – Mantadia reforestation area (3,020 hectares of habitat restoration) Ankeniheny-Zahamena • Makira protected area (400,000 hectares) • Fandriana-Vondrozo corridor Mantadia (250,000 ha) • REDD/FORECA project to develop REDD methodology Fandriana Vondrozo • Many small scale afforestation initiatives
  7. 7. National baseline approach • National approach: – 3 sites: biomass inventory, methodology, socio-economic studies to know factors, actors and causes of deforestation and degradation – Moving towards national approach – National baseline • Local approach – 4 sites: biomass and socio- economic studies – Local baseline REDD FORECA PROJECT 18.03.09 MADAGASCAR -
  8. 8. Sites 1. Haute Ramena: 42 000 ha, PCD, TGRN, Tavy 2. Manompana: 40 000 ha 3. Mariarano: 2000 ha, PCD, TGRN, Tavy 4. Tsinjoarivo: 15 000 Ha, PCD, TGRN, Tavy 5. Tapia Arivonimamo – Ambatofinandrahana: 40 000ha, PCD, TGRN, Feux 6. Corridor Sud: 40 000 ha, PCD, TGRN, forest inventory, illegal logging 7. Tsimanampetsotsa: 43 200 ha, Protected Area, PCD, REDD FORECA PROJECT 18.03.09 MADAGASCAR - TGRN 8
  9. 9. Pilot projects
  10. 10. 50% to communities for improved land stewardship 25% to forest management 15% to Ministry monitoring 5% to verification 5% to marketing
  11. 11. Ankeniheny Zahamena Corridor Project • One of the most important areas for biodiversity in Madagascar with 40-50% of all species in Madagascar •At least three species are entirely limited to the corridor •The lowland forest contains the richest reptile community in Africa, and many species of plants from endemic Malagasy families.
  12. 12. Location of the CAZ Project Zahamena National Park REDD: A new protected area Restoration Mantadia National Park
  13. 13. Principal land uses = causes of Deforestation (Tavy) (Savoka) Eucalyptus Slash-and-burn Natural Forest Fallow plantations agriculture • Principal economic activities • Agriculture • Charcoal production • Forest exploitation • Mines
  14. 14. Deforestation in CAZ Corridor Total area Forest 2005 Forest loss(Ha/year) Ankeniheny- 444,516 Ha 382,193 Ha 2026 Zahamena
  15. 15. REDD Component
  16. 16. Challenges for REDD projects • Start-up costs • Classic protected areas issues: – Finding appropriate alternatives – Ensuring community benefits and involvement in the management of natural resources • Monitoring of deforestation: – Availability of land cover data – Expense of monitoring – Capacity to monitor
  17. 17. Objectives of the REDD project •Reduce emissions from deforestation through the creation of the 425,000 hectares NPA Generate Voluntary Carbon Units (VCUs) from RED through the Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS), featuring as one of the first RED initiatives in Africa. The project expects to produce a total amount of Voluntary Carbon Units (VCUs) equivalent to approximately 47,400,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e),including CO2 and non-CO2 emissions reductions. •Through the marketing and sale of VCUs from the project, the Government of Madagascar intends to partially finance the management of the protected area and expand economic opportunities for local communities.
  18. 18. Main project activities Objetives of RED Project Target loss Deforest tCO2e/Ha tCO2 avoided Revenue (Ha/year) avoided (tCO2e/year) ($5/tCO2e) (Ha/year) 420 1605 549 881 262 4 406 310
  19. 19. Governance and Management Structure . Decision-making group: MEFT(leader, carbon aggregator, signs agreements with landholders ), COS and PLACAZ . PA Management unit: develop and implement PA’s workplan… . Various local sector groups. This structure has been derived according to discussion amongst members of the technical group.
  20. 20. Project design: stakeholders Government of Madagascar ERPA •Project Manager Emissions reduction Funders Grants •Designated National Authority Purchase Agreements World Bank (USAID, CI, WB, (DNA) (Biocarbon Fund) others) •Carbon owner VER,s) •Registry of offsets Conservation International Local NGO's Local Local government •Project design •Protected area Communities •Protected area •Technical support management •Land owners management •Facilitate marketing •Forest Restoration •Community •Funding activities •Training in improved management within livelihood activities protected area •Employment REDD activities Restoration activities Livelihoods activities
  21. 21. Costs and Investment Project implementation costs financed by CI, USAID and others; World Bank’s BioCarbon Fund has bought 430,000 tCO2. Other buyers in the voluntary market have shown high interest in the project.
  22. 22. Part 4: Project status and next steps
  23. 23. Project Methodology BioCF’s RED Mosaic Deforestation methodology is used - CI responsible for PDD preparation, with BioCF support • Forest carbon density data being collected at present • Baseline. Land use modeler used to project future deforestation (based on deforestation rate of past 15 years).
  24. 24. Main steps? • Analysis of historical Land use and Land cover change in the reference region, leakage belt and project boundaries • Based of historic deforestation rates and local variables, future deforestation rates and location were determined using the module “Land Change Modeler” LCM of the IDRISI software. Identification of forest classes in the areas that will be deforested under the Business As Usual and the land use classes that is going to replace them • Projection of the rate and location of future deforestation • Ex ante estimation of carbon stock change under the project scenario Deforestation during the historical reference period, 1990 to 2000 to 2005. Tan = non-forest in 1990, green = forest in 2005, red = deforestation from 1990 to 2000, purple = deforestation from 2000 to 2005, blue = water.
  25. 25. What factors were taken into account in establishing the baseline/what data sources • Most of the factors that have a possibility to interfere with the land use dynamics were analysed : roads, pathways, railways, rivers, altitude, slope, proximity to a city, city size, distance from forest edge, etc… • Most of the data comes from national databases, available from the National Cartography Institution (FTM), Office National de l’Environnement (ONE). Forest cover change data comes from national analysis done by CI for the last 15 years
  26. 26. • What is the monitoring strategy? What kind of remote sensing is being used vs. ground-based measurement? Sample-based or wall-to- wall? • The extent of forest was derived from mid resolution imagery (Landsat 5 and 7). We then collected ground sample of carbon stocks, using allometric equation to determine the amount of carbon based on tree diameter for the original forest and we used destructive sampling (cut and weight) for the future land use stocks. Sample plots were distributed randomly in the project area. • Quantification estimates? • we modeled the future carbon emission based on forest cover change dynamics under the baseline scenario. The module “Land Change Modeler” of IDRIS software were used for the prediction (see step n.2 in the methodology above) • How often will measurements be repeated? • (our plan was to do the forest cover change monitoring every 5 years…) • What are the plans for verification of emission estimates? • Through the monitoring process, we can give the exact amount of emission.
  27. 27. Baseline deforestation during the project term Predicted distribution of deforestation for the project implementation period in five-year increments, using the assumed total rate of deforestation of 0.63 percent per year.
  28. 28. Potential contribution of REDD to protected area financing National Protected Areas Funding gap: approximately $7 million/year ~$7m REDD? ~$22m ~$15m Climate Change funding could have an important role
  29. 29. Restoration Component
  30. 30. Challenges for habitat restoration • Research and development of appropriate restoration techniques • Training of local associations in nursery and planting techniques • Land tenure (title needs to be clear) • Funding (investment costs) • Coordination of logistics, administration and amongst multiple stakeholders
  31. 31. Restoration of unique threatened habitat • 7 local associations running tree nurseries and planting • 500,000 seedlings of 120 native species • 110 hectares (of 3,020 ha) have been planted on government owned land • Land tenure rights will be Pale green: restoration area clarified for communities in the Dark green: Existing forest region Red line: Protected Area boundaries Yellow line: Project Area boundaries Habitat restoration/ reforestation is expected to produce 800,000 tCO2e of Emissions Reductions
  32. 32. Sustainable Livelihoods: addressing leakage, and sustaining communities • Improved use of fallow land (Savoka gardens) • Intensification of agricultural practices to reduce slash and burn • Agroforestry techniques (1,261 hectares) • Woodlots (660 hectares) • Links to ecotourism activities in the same area • These activities provide both immediate and long term benefits
  33. 33. • MISAOTRA TOMPOKO • OBRIGADO • THANK YOU • MERCI

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