ANALYSIS AND PERSPECTIVES OF THE
PERUVIAN FOREST SECTOR 2008 – 2009




        15th Illegal Logging Stakeholder Update
  ...
PERU:
ECONOMIC GROWTH VS. SOCIAL CONFLICTS: PERU 2006 - 2009
TOWARDS A CRISIS
OF GOVERNABILITY?

In Dec. 2009:
Ombudsman
reporte...
FOREST LAND USE PLANNING:                             7´171,553.98 ha
                                                    ...
ILLEGAL LOGGING IN PERU:

                                              COMERCIO DE CAOBA

                           60,0...
IMPACTS OF ILLEGAL LOGGING
SOCIAL:
• Violation of Indigenous communities’ rights
• Health problems and poverty
• Forced la...
PERU – US FREE TRADE AGREEMENT

• April 12th, 2006: Peru-US FTA signed
• June 24th, 2007: Protocol of Amendments to the FT...
Road Infrastructure
2009: Projects
BIOFUELS


Oil & Gas Plots offers
by the Government.
80% of them are
overlap to Indigen...
June 11th, 2009: The
Ombudsman Office report:

• 11 Indigenous people dead
• 23 Policemen dead
• 197 people hurt in severa...
CONCLUSIONS:
   CHALLENGES IN THE PERUVIAN FOREST SECTOR
• Peruvian citizens perceived the government as absent,
   • Janu...
Thank you!..



               Lucila Pautrat
               lpautrat@par.org.pe
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Pautrat_Analysis and Perspectives of the Peruvian Forest Sector 2008-2009

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Pautrat_Analysis and Perspectives of the Peruvian Forest Sector 2008-2009

  1. 1. ANALYSIS AND PERSPECTIVES OF THE PERUVIAN FOREST SECTOR 2008 – 2009 15th Illegal Logging Stakeholder Update 20th – 21st January 2010 Chatham House, 10 St James’s Square, London Lucila Pautrat, 2010
  2. 2. PERU:
  3. 3. ECONOMIC GROWTH VS. SOCIAL CONFLICTS: PERU 2006 - 2009 TOWARDS A CRISIS OF GOVERNABILITY? In Dec. 2009: Ombudsman reported 267 Conflicts 49 % Socio - Environmental Conflict: Mining & Oil (Forest & Indigenous lands)
  4. 4. FOREST LAND USE PLANNING: 7´171,553.98 ha DEFORESTED (INRENA, 2005) MILLION LAND USE HECTAREAS Forest for Production (Timber, Non 18 Timber, Ecotourism, Wildlife and Environmental Services) 14 National Protected Areas 12 Indigenous Communities Lands Informal occupation (Lack of ?? Information and registration) -Informal Occupation ?? Other Public Lands -Illegal crops of coca leaves
  5. 5. ILLEGAL LOGGING IN PERU: COMERCIO DE CAOBA 60,000 50,000 Illegal Logging ercializados 40,000 30,000 m com 20,000 3 10,000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Año Fuente: IFFS – INRENA, 2008
  6. 6. IMPACTS OF ILLEGAL LOGGING SOCIAL: • Violation of Indigenous communities’ rights • Health problems and poverty • Forced labour & exploitation ENVIRONMENTAL: • Deforestation / Biodiversity loss • Land use change • Soil and water contamination • Breaches into National Protected Areas ECONOMICS: • Tax evasion • Money ‘laundering’ • Wood traffic • Loss of natural resources
  7. 7. PERU – US FREE TRADE AGREEMENT • April 12th, 2006: Peru-US FTA signed • June 24th, 2007: Protocol of Amendments to the FTA Peru – US signed, which contains The Forestry Annex 18.3.4 • Dec. 2007: Law Nº 29157 • March - June 2008, the Executive approved 99 Legislatives Decrees, 63 of which were approved in one day. They were not pre- published or reviewed by the Congress or any other Public Institution.
  8. 8. Road Infrastructure 2009: Projects BIOFUELS Oil & Gas Plots offers by the Government. 80% of them are overlap to Indigenous Lands & Indigenous Isolated Populations Reserves Source: IBC, 2009
  9. 9. June 11th, 2009: The Ombudsman Office report: • 11 Indigenous people dead • 23 Policemen dead • 197 people hurt in several local hospitals • 79 people arrested
  10. 10. CONCLUSIONS: CHALLENGES IN THE PERUVIAN FOREST SECTOR • Peruvian citizens perceived the government as absent, • January 2010: Minister or Agriculture start a Participatory incoherent and arbitrary Process for design the National Forest Policy & New Forest •Forest Annex (Peru – USA FTA) promotes governance and Law aims to eradicate illegal logging • Create a Forestry Vice Ministry • However it was misused by the government to implement • On going Decentralisation process in the Forest Sector structural reforms, which promoted private investments in biofuels, mining and oil production, and breached the rights of indigenous communities • Economic policy is one of the factors increasing social conflicts
  11. 11. Thank you!.. Lucila Pautrat lpautrat@par.org.pe
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