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Paoli ghg a_gworkshop

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  • 1. Opera&onalizing  Land  Sparing   Block  3  –  Breakout  Discussions  –  Topic  1   Framers   Facilitator  Gary  Paoli  &  Craig  Hanson     Eric  Palola   WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE
  • 2. Land  Sparing   Total   Area   ProducBon   =   Yield   x   CulBvated   How  do  we  opera&onalize  it  ?   Increase   Spare  the   Spare  Land   Yields   “right  land”   1  -­‐  How  do  we   2  -­‐  How  do  we  translate  yield   3  -­‐  How  do  we  ensure  “land    increase  yields  ?   increase  to  “land  spared”  ?   spared”  is  “the  right  land”  ?  
  • 3. Land  Sparing   How  do  we  opera&onalize  it  ?  Increase   Spare  the   Spare  Land   Yields   “right  land”   Technical  Issues   Actors  &  Drivers  of  their  Decisions   Uptake  (awareness  &  incenBves)   Safeguards   Governance  
  • 4. Step  1   Land  Sparing   How  do  we  opera&onalize  it  ?   Increase   Spare  the   Spare  Land   Yields   “right  land”   TECHNICAL          -­‐  How  to  increase  yields  ?          -­‐  How  to  sustain  conBnuous  increases  ?   Techniques  &  cost   Awareness  raising   UPTAKE   Outcomes  &  benefit        -­‐  Voluntary  Approaches   Reduced  cost  &  higher  yields  =  more  profit   IncenBves      -­‐    Mandatory  Approaches   Enhanced  market  access  (via  Roundtables)   SAFEGUARDS        -­‐  Equity  among  producers        -­‐  Risk  of  farm  consolidaBon  ?  
  • 5. Step  2   Land  Sparing   How  do  we  opera&onalize  it  ?   Increase   Spare  the   Spare  Land   Yields   “right  land”   TECHNICAL          -­‐  Improved  geo-­‐spaBal  data  (Ag  types,  locaBon  &  extent)        -­‐  Actors  (Large  company  versus  Smallholder)        -­‐  Coherent  system  to  monitor  &  report   DRIVERS        -­‐  What  is  the  key  commodity,  which  actors,  how  vary  with  geography  ?        -­‐  What  is  linkage  (if  any)  between  Yield  and  decision  to  expand  ?   UPTAKE   Direct  rewards  (PES  &  REDD+)          -­‐  PosiBve  incenBves   Roundtables  (market  access  &  price  premium)   Fiscal  policy  (reduced  land  tax)      -­‐    Mandatory  requirements   Absolute  limits  imposed  by  government     Lobby  with  ‘enlightenment’  &  meaningful  offer  to  gain  govt  support  
  • 6. Step  3   Land  Sparing   How  do  we  opera&onalize  it  ?   Increase   Spare  the   Spare  Land   Yields   “right  land”   TECHNICAL          -­‐  Scale  appropriate  geo-­‐spaBal  data  (Ag  &  ecosystems/biodiversity/carbon/social)        -­‐  What  are  the  objecBves,  criteria  for  evaluaBon,  how  reach  consensus  on  prioriBes   INCENTIVES        -­‐  How  direct  expansion  onto  the  land  deemed  ‘suitable’  for  expansion  ?        -­‐  REDD+,  PES,  Roundtables        -­‐  Mandatory  compliance  with  government  (or  Roundtable)  defined  no-­‐go  areas   SAFEGUARDS        -­‐  How  accommodate  livelihoods  of  people  on  ‘degraded’  lands  ?      -­‐    What  will  be  fate  of  ecosystems  deemed  lower  priority  to  be  spared  ?