Nussbaum220110

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Nussbaum220110

  1. 1. How can FLEGT be used to achieve REDD objectives? Dr Ruth Nussbaum ProForest www.proforest.net
  2. 2. FLEGT and REDD • The aim of FLEGT is to improve forest governance and support legality in the timber sector • The aim of REDD+ is to try to maintain (and enhance) existing forest carbon stocks
  3. 3. FLEGT/Forest Governance Programmes and REDD • FLEGT and REDD are: – Operating in the same countries – Undertaken by many of the same actors – Overlapping aims – Overlapping processes • Both involve international agreements and national implementation
  4. 4. The phased approach to REDD implementation Identify drivers Phase 1: Develop a plan Payment for activities Planning Develop REDD infrastructure Implement support activities Payment for activities Phase 2: eg improved governance Payment for results Readiness Carry out pilot projects Control emissions Phase 3: Payment for results Measure, report and verify Implementation
  5. 5. Phase 1: Planning • Countries need to identify the causes of forest loss and plan how they will be addressed • Growing consensus that this should be done through a consultative process involving the whole range of actors • FLEGT has used multi-stakeholder approaches and platforms
  6. 6. Phase 2: Policies and Measures • Activities which are necessary for REDD but are not directly correlated to rates of forest loss: eg – Improved governance – Clarification of tenure and rights – Building adequate capacity and human resources – Improved monitoring and reporting – Greater transparency and stakeholder involvement • Many of these are addressed to some extent by FLEGT
  7. 7. Phase 3: Reducing emissions from forests • Requires addressing the drivers of deforestation
  8. 8. Drivers of forest loss • Commercial logging • Illegal logging • Energy (firewood, charcoal etc) • Clearance for commercial agriculture • Clearance for subsistence agriculture • Illegal clearance for agriculture • Infrastructure and mining • Fire
  9. 9. Impact of FLEGT Driver of deforestation Direct Indirect Commercial logging Illegal logging Energy ( ) Commercial agriculture Subsistence agriculture Illegal agriculture Infrastructure and mining Fire
  10. 10. Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) • Many of the approaches being used for legality-related monitoring should be very useful for REDD monitoring • Remote-sensing approaches (eg Imazon system in Brasil) • Ground-based checks required for legality monitoring
  11. 11. Conclusions • Clear overlap between FLEGT/governance programmes and some parts of REDD • Potential for REDD to: – Learn from and build on FLEGT processes – Utilise FLEGT outcomes • Where governance programmes (FLEGT or others) are already being implemented REDD should build on these and avoid undermining them • Where it is necessary to improve governance in order to achieve REDD, a FLEGT/governance programme may be a way to do this
  12. 12. Thank you Ruth@ProForest.net

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