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L verchot introduction to ec bioenergy project

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L verchot introduction to ec bioenergy project Document Transcript

  • 1. 6/9/2011 Bioenergy, sustainability and trade- offs: can we avoid deforestation while promoting bioenergy? THINKING beyond the canopy PartnersCenter for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)Joanneum Research (JR), AustriaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM),MexicoCouncil for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR),South AfricaStockholm Environment Institute (SEI) THINKING beyond the canopy 1
  • 2. 6/9/2011 Drivers of the biofuel boomEnergy (in)security & high cost of fossil fuels [95% ofthe global energy consumption from fossil fuels; globalenergy consumption to increase 57% by 2030].Mitigating global warming by reducing GHG emissions[biofuels can be significantly “cleaner” than fossil fuels– depending on land cover, feedstock, technology]National and regional commitments to promote biofuels[some national governments in industrialized countriesadopted adopting blending targets and subsidies] THINKING beyond the canopy Several expected impactsDemand cannot be met in consumer countries, thus newplantations of biofuel feedstocks required in the SouthDocumented impacts on forests & livelihoods are: •Deforestation with resulting carbon emissions attributed to biofuel feedstocks expansion •Loss of customary land rights to developers, with relatively little benefits for involved local people •Several indirect effects (e.g. competition with food crops, push to marginal lands, indirect deforestation)Economic, institutional and ecological factors influenceon the impacts and potential of biofuel development THINKING beyond the canopy 2
  • 3. 6/9/2011 Project objectivesOverall objective: sustainable bioenergy developmentthat…• Benefits local people in developing countries;• Minimizes negative impacts on local environment and rural livelihoods; and• Contributes to global climate change mitigation.Specific objective:To produce and communicate policy relevant analysesthat can inform governments, corporate and civil societydecision-making related to bioenergy development andits effects on forests and livelihoods THINKING beyond the canopy Work packages 1. Assessment of social and environmental impacts of bioenergy development 2. Assessment of potential of forest-based bioenergy for climate change mitigation 3. Analysis of legal and institutional frameworks and market-based mechanisms for sustainable bioenergy 4. Analysis of opportunities for forest-based bioenergy production that benefits local people in developing countries 5. Analysis of potential impacts of changes in bioenergy technology and finance on forests and local livelihoods 6. Policy-science dialogue to promote sustainable and equitable bioenergy THINKING beyond the canopy 3
  • 4. 6/9/2011 Focus of this side event Present and discuss results for carbon stock changes from specific case studies and new carbon accounting approaches Two presentations (25’ each followed by 5’ of Q&A): Implications of biodiesel-induced land-use changes for CO2 emissions: Case studies in tropical America, Africa and Southeast Asia Wouter Achten, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium Carbon accounting options for bioenergy: descriptions, evaluations and implications Neil Bird, Joanneum Research (JR), Austria A space for discussion of 25 minutes THINKING beyond the canopywww.cifor.cgiar.org THINKING beyond the canopy 4