Ensuring REDD+ Complements Restoration, Poverty Alleviation and Adaptation
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Ensuring REDD+ Complements Restoration, Poverty Alleviation and Adaptation

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This presentation was presented at the ninth RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance, and Climate Change

This presentation was presented at the ninth RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance, and Climate Change

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Ensuring REDD+ Complements Restoration, Poverty Alleviation and Adaptation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Session 3:Ensuring REDD+ ComplementsRestoration, Poverty Alleviation and Adaptation
    Jeffrey Hatcher
    RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change
    February 8, 2011
    London
  • 2. Outline
    Premise
    Implications of moving from RED to REDD+
    Forests, people and:
    Poverty Alleviation
    Food Security
    Adaptation
    Conditions for success
    Questions
  • 3. Premise
    We face multiple crises (food insecurity, climate, energy, poverty, fragile political systems, continued disenfranchisement of women and minority groups) and we have limited time and money; all contributing to vulnerability to make effective progress on any one of them; we need to prepare for a very uncertain future.
    We need to invest on underlying, cross-cutting initiatives that help address multiple crises – that strengthen rural society and build resilience
  • 4. Implications of REDD+
    REDD+ has the potential to be a cross-cutting answer
    Within the Cancun Agreement REDD+ includes: enhancement and conservation of stocks and sustainable management of forests.
    Therefore a much larger geographic and therefore demographic scope is implicated
    1.5 billion hectares of degraded forest land = how many people?
    17% target for conservation areas
    REDD+ must therefore complement a host of goals and not just carbon, including:
    Poverty alleviation
    Food security
    Adaptation
  • 5.
  • 6. Forest Poverty and Livelihoods
    Forests are home to many of the world’s poor and marginalized
    Livelihoods and food security are the concerns of the poor – not carbon; Poverty is more than a lack of money
    Enormous potential to empower and enhance livelihoods exists
  • 7. Food security
    Food security: millions already rely on the forest for food
    In a climate of volatile food prices, declining yields and changing climates: forests provide a safety net (wild plants and foods)
    Forests and trees provide biodiversity, fertilizers, and protection and enhancement of watersheds
    The “+” opens the door to agroforestry and thinking about the role of agriculture in achieving climate goals
  • 8. Adaptation
    Adaptation of forests and forestry: making forests more resilient
    Active, diverse management of landscapes can increase resilience
    Insect infestation in Canada
    Forest fires in Russia
    If forests are not resilient communities will bear the burden. But communities also offer a solution, diverse production systems will allow for more stability
    Adaptation using forests: making people more resilient
    Trees will reduce fragility of soil systems: controlling erosion, landslides
    Adaptation through mitigation
  • 9. Emerging complementarities
    One example, programs to restore degraded lands can increase sequestration capacities, and
    Provide livelihood options for the rural poor and sources of food
    Help adapt: Reduce vulnerability: landslides
    Reduce water shortages; increase drought resistance; increase resistance to heavy waterfall
    Restored forests can provide a source of energy
    But the conditions must be right: Lessons from countries that have reversed from Forest Losing Countries to Forest Adding countries (Gregersen and Bailey, forthcoming)
    Major policy shifts: Large scale restoration with government support/attitude change
    Tenure and governance reforms
    Economic development
    We need to invest on underlying, cross-cutting initiatives that help address multiple crises – that strengthen rural society and build resilience
  • 10. Can REDD+ contribute to solving the interconnected crises?
    “To reach scale, increase conservation and chances for resilience to climate, economic, political shocks – need to recognize the rights and unleash the entrepreneurial energies of the 1 billion forest poor”
    Recognition of the management capacities of forest communities
    • Adapting requires having a firm leg to stand on: tenure rights provide a base for:
    Long term incentives to maintain and enhance environment
    Rights to move
    Appreciation of the forest as a source of food security
  • 11. Questions
    Will REDD+ programs be able to deliver on the complementarities?
    Where are the possibilities for alleviating poverty in REDD+?
    Can we hang our forest adaptation hopes on REDD+?