Ensuring REDD+ Complements Restoration, Poverty Alleviation and Adaptation

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This presentation was presented at the ninth RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance, and Climate Change

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Ensuring REDD+ Complements Restoration, Poverty Alleviation and Adaptation

  1. 1. Session 3:Ensuring REDD+ ComplementsRestoration, Poverty Alleviation and Adaptation<br />Jeffrey Hatcher<br />RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change<br />February 8, 2011<br />London<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Premise<br />Implications of moving from RED to REDD+<br />Forests, people and:<br />Poverty Alleviation <br />Food Security<br />Adaptation<br />Conditions for success<br />Questions<br />
  3. 3. Premise<br />We face multiple crises (food insecurity, climate, energy, poverty, fragile political systems, continued disenfranchisement of women and minority groups) and we have limited time and money; all contributing to vulnerability to make effective progress on any one of them; we need to prepare for a very uncertain future.<br />We need to invest on underlying, cross-cutting initiatives that help address multiple crises – that strengthen rural society and build resilience<br />
  4. 4. Implications of REDD+<br />REDD+ has the potential to be a cross-cutting answer<br />Within the Cancun Agreement REDD+ includes: enhancement and conservation of stocks and sustainable management of forests.<br />Therefore a much larger geographic and therefore demographic scope is implicated<br />1.5 billion hectares of degraded forest land = how many people?<br />17% target for conservation areas<br />REDD+ must therefore complement a host of goals and not just carbon, including:<br />Poverty alleviation<br />Food security<br />Adaptation<br />
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  6. 6. Forest Poverty and Livelihoods<br />Forests are home to many of the world’s poor and marginalized<br />Livelihoods and food security are the concerns of the poor – not carbon; Poverty is more than a lack of money<br />Enormous potential to empower and enhance livelihoods exists <br />
  7. 7. Food security<br />Food security: millions already rely on the forest for food<br />In a climate of volatile food prices, declining yields and changing climates: forests provide a safety net (wild plants and foods)<br />Forests and trees provide biodiversity, fertilizers, and protection and enhancement of watersheds<br />The “+” opens the door to agroforestry and thinking about the role of agriculture in achieving climate goals<br />
  8. 8. Adaptation<br />Adaptation of forests and forestry: making forests more resilient<br />Active, diverse management of landscapes can increase resilience<br />Insect infestation in Canada<br />Forest fires in Russia<br />If forests are not resilient communities will bear the burden. But communities also offer a solution, diverse production systems will allow for more stability<br />Adaptation using forests: making people more resilient<br />Trees will reduce fragility of soil systems: controlling erosion, landslides<br />Adaptation through mitigation<br />
  9. 9. Emerging complementarities<br />One example, programs to restore degraded lands can increase sequestration capacities, and <br />Provide livelihood options for the rural poor and sources of food<br />Help adapt: Reduce vulnerability: landslides<br />Reduce water shortages; increase drought resistance; increase resistance to heavy waterfall<br />Restored forests can provide a source of energy<br />But the conditions must be right: Lessons from countries that have reversed from Forest Losing Countries to Forest Adding countries (Gregersen and Bailey, forthcoming)<br />Major policy shifts: Large scale restoration with government support/attitude change<br />Tenure and governance reforms<br />Economic development<br />We need to invest on underlying, cross-cutting initiatives that help address multiple crises – that strengthen rural society and build resilience<br />
  10. 10. Can REDD+ contribute to solving the interconnected crises?<br />“To reach scale, increase conservation and chances for resilience to climate, economic, political shocks – need to recognize the rights and unleash the entrepreneurial energies of the 1 billion forest poor”<br />Recognition of the management capacities of forest communities<br /><ul><li>Adapting requires having a firm leg to stand on: tenure rights provide a base for:</li></ul>Long term incentives to maintain and enhance environment<br />Rights to move<br />Appreciation of the forest as a source of food security<br />
  11. 11. Questions<br />Will REDD+ programs be able to deliver on the complementarities?<br />Where are the possibilities for alleviating poverty in REDD+?<br />Can we hang our forest adaptation hopes on REDD+?<br />

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