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Designing and implementing REDD+ in Peru
Peru in the National and forestry context
Trends in national economics   <ul><li>Stable economic performance </li></ul><ul><li>Long term growth trend estimated   at...
<ul><li>More than 69 million ha of forests  (60%  of national territory). </li></ul><ul><li>Second country in the Amazon B...
<ul><li>Prospects for investment in the Peruvian Amazon: </li></ul><ul><li>52 hydroelectric projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Hy...
Peruvian approach for REDD+ implementation
<ul><li>Peruvian government is implementing the  Readiness phase  as part of the  National Forest Conservation Program  fo...
Peruvian approach for REDD+ <ul><li>Several REDD+ project initiatives are underway , aligning them with the regional and n...
“ enfoque por niveles ”   will allow Peru to build REDD+ from the LOCAL  to the National level and vice versa 2010  2011 2...
<ul><li>A  “National Strategy ”  to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. </li></ul><ul><li>A cohere...
Peruvian approach for REDD+… REDD REDD + A/R
… ..proposed scheme  * To be defined   by UNFCCC FINANCIAL MECHANISM $* National Government CARBON MARKETS / FUNDS RE $* D...
Financial mechanisms REDD+ (FIP, Other) Forestlandia … ..proposed scheme  Threatened areas $ Programa Nacional de Conserva...
Proposed Institutional Arrangements
Institutional framework  are in process of development and consolidation  <ul><li>Legal and institutional reforms </li></u...
National Government Steering Committee OCBR (Coordination) Proposed  Readiness arrangement  National and International  Fi...
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Designing and implementing redd+ in peru unfccc bonn 2011

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  • To talk about designing and implementing REDD+ in Peru first of all we have to understand the Peruvian national and forestry context.
  • To talk about designing and implementing REDD+ in Peru first of all we have to understand the Peruvian national and forestry context.
  • These grafics show some national socioeconomic indicators and trends. The first grafic we can see the peruvian economy is having a stable performance. Whith a long term growth path of 5 % per year whish is mainly based in non renewable natural resources as mining for example. - And how this is contributing to the poverty reduction and in a dinamic enviroment of social and institutional changes that also include the forestry sector and the environment sector .
  • Some highliths of the peruvian forestry sector are: More than 69 million has of forest (which is mear the 60 % of the national territory) we are the second country in the amazon basin in extension of tropical forest. we are the forth country with more tropical forest in the world after Brasil, Indonesia and DRC.
  • The deforestation rates of Peru apparently are no so high in comparison with some other countries (0.2 % between nineteen eighty five and two thounsed) The official data about rates of deforestation and causes of deforestation and forest degradation is not actual. nevertheless what we know is that there are lots of plausible investments that are looking the peruvian amazon. We all know that this investment will contribute to the economic development of the country and to keep the socieconomic indicators in that path showed before
  • In this context we are triying to develop a plausible conceptual framework to implement REDD+ and promote private and public investments in forest conservation and carbon related bussinesses. In that sense we are adapting initial ideas and discussions about the nested to our national context and trying to develop a framework simple and flexible enough that could be implemented in Peru. Avoiding complexities that can not be applied on the ground.
  • The peruvian approach consider implement REDD as part of a National Forest Conservation Program “ the umbrella ” . This is a new program recently lounched by the Ministry of environment. This aims to conservate 54 millions has of forest.
  • Con respecto al contexto económico nacional, es importante mencionar que el Perú viene teniendo un buen performance económico durante los últimos años. Las proyecciones muestran que el Perú seguirá creciendo a una tasa promedio de 5 % por año, lo cual es una muy buena noticia para todos los peruanos, sin embargo es de importancia reconocer que el desarrollo del país se basa principalmente en explotación de recursos naturales y así lo podemos constatar en el cuadro presentado donde se muestra los anuncios de proyectos de inversión para los próximos años y donde es claro que las mayores partidas se dan en los sectores mineros e hidrocarburos. Asi mismo, se están logrando avances importantes en la lucha contra la pobreza sin embargo todavía se tiene un camino por recorrer.
  • Transcript of "Designing and implementing redd+ in peru unfccc bonn 2011"

    1. 1. Designing and implementing REDD+ in Peru
    2. 2. Peru in the National and forestry context
    3. 3. Trends in national economics <ul><li>Stable economic performance </li></ul><ul><li>Long term growth trend estimated at 5% per year; mainly based on non-renewable natural resources; </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty reduction in course, in a context of fast social and institutional changes. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>More than 69 million ha of forests (60% of national territory). </li></ul><ul><li>Second country in the Amazon Basin in extension of tropical rainforest. </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth country with more tropical forest in the word. </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon river origin in the Peruvian Andes </li></ul>Peru and the Forestry Sector Highlights: Country Area of forest (millions has) 1 Federación Rusa 809 2 Brasil 478 3 Canadá 310 4 Estados Unidos 303 5 China 197 6 Australia 164 7 República Democrática del Congo 134 8 Indonesia 88 9 Perú 69 10 India 68 11 Others 1 333 Total 3 953
    5. 5. <ul><li>Prospects for investment in the Peruvian Amazon: </li></ul><ul><li>52 hydroelectric projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrocarbons and mining concessions in 70% of the Amazon basin. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 10 millions ha for mining projects. </li></ul><ul><li>New transoceanic roads </li></ul><ul><li>Half a million ha for biofuel plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Threats: illegal wood extraction, illegal mining, illegal crops; migratory agriculture . </li></ul>Forestry Sector – Deforestation Rate Between 1985 and 2000 the deforestation Rate was approximately 0,2 % (150,000 has per year).
    6. 6. Peruvian approach for REDD+ implementation
    7. 7. <ul><li>Peruvian government is implementing the Readiness phase as part of the National Forest Conservation Program for the Mitigation of Climate Change. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustained process of decentralization and reallocation of public powers from the national government to regional governments. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As the country is undergoing a decentralization process , regions are becoming in the building blocks of the national strategy (e.g. emission reference levels). </li></ul><ul><li>Government wants to promote sub national investments in forest carbon businesses (public and private) . </li></ul><ul><li>Some regional governments are supporting “REDD roundtables” and are developing their own sub-national “ readiness ” processes. </li></ul>Peruvian approach for REDD+
    8. 8. Peruvian approach for REDD+ <ul><li>Several REDD+ project initiatives are underway , aligning them with the regional and national readiness processes is a challenge. </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging processes of dialogue and coordination are taken place at the “Regional REDD roundtables”. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the most proactive regions and certain projects may be “REDDy” before the country reaches phase three. </li></ul><ul><li>Government is aware of contributions and potentials of sub national initiatives (= LOCAL and REGIONAL level)……also is aware of the risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Given these and other national circumstances, Peru proposes to implement REDD by levels “Enfoque por niveles” (= LOCAL, REGIONAL, NACIONAL). </li></ul>
    9. 9. “ enfoque por niveles ” will allow Peru to build REDD+ from the LOCAL to the National level and vice versa 2010 2011 2012 2009 20… 20… 20… 20… 20… 20… 2008 Fase 2: Implementation Fase 3: Result based payments Fase 1: “ Readiness ” Local initiatives Regional initiatives
    10. 10. <ul><li>A “National Strategy ” to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. </li></ul><ul><li>A coherent approach to establish reference scenarios at the Regional Level. </li></ul><ul><li>A National System for MRV of emission reductions. </li></ul><ul><li>Rights and obligations related to REDD+ well defined (e.g. carbon rights and safeguards) </li></ul><ul><li>A REDD+ National Registry that integrates information about technical, environmental and socioeconomics data in a single data base. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building and coordination mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Financial mechanisms. </li></ul>What is needed to implement REDD+ in Peru? Proponer mecanismos de promoción de inversiones en REDD+ y de sostenibilidad financiera para REDD+ en el Perú. Conceptual frameworks and methodologies to build regional reference scenarios established, validated and published . National System for MRV of emission reductions implemented Rights and obligations related to REDD+ (e.g. carbon rights and safeguards) defined . REDD+ National Registry designed, validated and institutionalized. Capacity building and coordination mechanisms developed (stakeholders). Mechanisms for promotion of investments and for finance of REDD+ structure in Peru developed . What are the expected readiness phase outputs? REDD+ National Strategy developed.
    11. 11. Peruvian approach for REDD+… REDD REDD + A/R
    12. 12. … ..proposed scheme * To be defined by UNFCCC FINANCIAL MECHANISM $* National Government CARBON MARKETS / FUNDS RE $* Donations and retributions $ ES Law? $ Public Budget $ Fines? $ Threatened areas $ taxed leakings Additional. sources $
    13. 13. Financial mechanisms REDD+ (FIP, Other) Forestlandia … ..proposed scheme Threatened areas $ Programa Nacional de Conservación Bosques (promoting changes in present land use patterns and economic activities, capacity building) $ New REDD projects $ Results based payments
    14. 14. Proposed Institutional Arrangements
    15. 15. Institutional framework are in process of development and consolidation <ul><li>Legal and institutional reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of MINAM in 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>New Forest and wildlife Law proposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of the National Program for Forest Conservation to climate change mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of REDD+ Dialogue spaces at national and regional level. </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization and enhancement of regional government roles . </li></ul>Opportunities to integrate REDD+ in the development policies.
    16. 16. National Government Steering Committee OCBR (Coordination) Proposed Readiness arrangement National and International Financial Resources National Funds Regional Governments Advisory Groups GTREDD Mesas REDD Mesa REDD Indigena Organismos Tecnicos Sectors
    17. 17. Thanks for your attention!
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