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Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues

Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues






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    Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues Presentation Transcript

    • Co-benefits of REDD, sustainable forest management and governance issues Dr. Nguyen Quang Tan – RECOFTC Dr. Peter Dart – Queensland University
    • Some Benefits from REDD
      • Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded forests
      • Material benefits: REDD credits, timber and non-timber products from sustainable forest management
      • Potentials for poverty alleviation
      • Capacity building opportunities for local communities:
        • to learn new model of forest management
        • to come to collective decision making
    • Some Costs from REDD
      • Opportunity cost : REDD credits vs. commercial logging of forest products and use of forest land forest cash cropping
      • Costs for monitoring and assessment
      • ‘ Costs’ for changes in forest governance
    • Sustainable Forest Management
      • Requires understanding by all stakeholders of forest functions and multiple uses
      • Environmental, Economic, Social
      • REDD outcome is sustainable forest management
    • Forest Environment Functions
      • Biodiversity conservation
      • Biomass production, carbon sequestration
      • Regeneration capacity, vitality, health
      • Watershed functions, water cycle
      • Soil formation and erosion control
      • Maintain ecological processes and not damage other ecosystems
    • Short rotations and clear fell lead to erosion and land slip
    • Acacia and rubber on steep slopes in Nam Dong
    • Need for erosion control to preserve soil for future generations
    • Economic Functions
      • Benefits from use of forest resources need to be equitably distributed to reduce “rent seeking” through illegal activity
      • Sustainable resource use needs inventory and monitoring of both timber and non timber resources
      • Forest dependent communities must be involved in management
    • Social Functions
      • Community traditional cultural uses
      • Recreation
      • Laws and regulations
      • Community monitoring
    • Sustainable Forest Management
      • Aims to at least maintain biomass production to match the rate of removal.
      • This means making sure that harvest of trees and non timber forest products (NTFPs) follows an appropriate schedule
      • Montreal Process 9 indicators
      • 150 countries
    • Some Governance Issues
      • Forest tenure security:
        • Forest land allocation to make sure local communities are not marginalized
        • Rights are tradable
        • Legal support to local people to protect their rights
      • Transparency:
        • Necessary information is available, accessible and understandable
        • Clear decision-making
        • Knowledge sharing
    • Some Governance Issues…
      • Empowerment and representation:
        • Transfer of decision-making power
        • Active participation of all stakeholder groups
        • Necessary back-up to local people
      • Accountability:
        • Downward accountability of local (forest) officials
      • Flexibility:
        • Advance financing for smallholders
    • Some Governance Issues…
      • Equity:
        • in access to information related to REDD
        • in rights to forests
        • in distribution of REDD benefits