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Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues
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Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues


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  • 1. Co-benefits of REDD, sustainable forest management and governance issues Dr. Nguyen Quang Tan – RECOFTC Dr. Peter Dart – Queensland University
  • 2. Some Benefits from REDD
    • Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded forests
    • Material benefits: REDD credits, timber and non-timber products from sustainable forest management
    • Potentials for poverty alleviation
    • Capacity building opportunities for local communities:
      • to learn new model of forest management
      • to come to collective decision making
  • 3. Some Costs from REDD
    • Opportunity cost : REDD credits vs. commercial logging of forest products and use of forest land forest cash cropping
    • Costs for monitoring and assessment
    • ‘ Costs’ for changes in forest governance
  • 4. Sustainable Forest Management
    • Requires understanding by all stakeholders of forest functions and multiple uses
    • Environmental, Economic, Social
    • REDD outcome is sustainable forest management
  • 5. Forest Environment Functions
    • Biodiversity conservation
    • Biomass production, carbon sequestration
    • Regeneration capacity, vitality, health
    • Watershed functions, water cycle
    • Soil formation and erosion control
    • Maintain ecological processes and not damage other ecosystems
  • 6. Short rotations and clear fell lead to erosion and land slip
  • 7. Acacia and rubber on steep slopes in Nam Dong
  • 8. Need for erosion control to preserve soil for future generations
  • 9. Economic Functions
    • Benefits from use of forest resources need to be equitably distributed to reduce “rent seeking” through illegal activity
    • Sustainable resource use needs inventory and monitoring of both timber and non timber resources
    • Forest dependent communities must be involved in management
  • 10. Social Functions
    • Community traditional cultural uses
    • Recreation
    • Laws and regulations
    • Community monitoring
  • 11. Sustainable Forest Management
    • Aims to at least maintain biomass production to match the rate of removal.
    • This means making sure that harvest of trees and non timber forest products (NTFPs) follows an appropriate schedule
    • Montreal Process 9 indicators
    • 150 countries
  • 12. Some Governance Issues
    • Forest tenure security:
      • Forest land allocation to make sure local communities are not marginalized
      • Rights are tradable
      • Legal support to local people to protect their rights
    • Transparency:
      • Necessary information is available, accessible and understandable
      • Clear decision-making
      • Knowledge sharing
  • 13. Some Governance Issues…
    • Empowerment and representation:
      • Transfer of decision-making power
      • Active participation of all stakeholder groups
      • Necessary back-up to local people
    • Accountability:
      • Downward accountability of local (forest) officials
    • Flexibility:
      • Advance financing for smallholders
  • 14. Some Governance Issues…
    • Equity:
      • in access to information related to REDD
      • in rights to forests
      • in distribution of REDD benefits