Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues

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Co-benefits of REDD, SFM And Governance Issues

  1. 1. Co-benefits of REDD, sustainable forest management and governance issues Dr. Nguyen Quang Tan – RECOFTC Dr. Peter Dart – Queensland University
  2. 2. Some Benefits from REDD <ul><li>Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded forests </li></ul><ul><li>Material benefits: REDD credits, timber and non-timber products from sustainable forest management </li></ul><ul><li>Potentials for poverty alleviation </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building opportunities for local communities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to learn new model of forest management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to come to collective decision making </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Some Costs from REDD <ul><li>Opportunity cost : REDD credits vs. commercial logging of forest products and use of forest land forest cash cropping </li></ul><ul><li>Costs for monitoring and assessment </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Costs’ for changes in forest governance </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sustainable Forest Management <ul><li>Requires understanding by all stakeholders of forest functions and multiple uses </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental, Economic, Social </li></ul><ul><li>REDD outcome is sustainable forest management </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forest Environment Functions <ul><li>Biodiversity conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass production, carbon sequestration </li></ul><ul><li>Regeneration capacity, vitality, health </li></ul><ul><li>Watershed functions, water cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Soil formation and erosion control </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain ecological processes and not damage other ecosystems </li></ul>
  6. 6. Short rotations and clear fell lead to erosion and land slip
  7. 7. Acacia and rubber on steep slopes in Nam Dong
  8. 8. Need for erosion control to preserve soil for future generations
  9. 9. Economic Functions <ul><li>Benefits from use of forest resources need to be equitably distributed to reduce “rent seeking” through illegal activity </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable resource use needs inventory and monitoring of both timber and non timber resources </li></ul><ul><li>Forest dependent communities must be involved in management </li></ul>
  10. 10. Social Functions <ul><li>Community traditional cultural uses </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Laws and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Community monitoring </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sustainable Forest Management <ul><li>Aims to at least maintain biomass production to match the rate of removal. </li></ul><ul><li>This means making sure that harvest of trees and non timber forest products (NTFPs) follows an appropriate schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Montreal Process 9 indicators </li></ul><ul><li>150 countries </li></ul>
  12. 12. Some Governance Issues <ul><li>Forest tenure security: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest land allocation to make sure local communities are not marginalized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights are tradable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal support to local people to protect their rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transparency: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary information is available, accessible and understandable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear decision-making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Some Governance Issues… <ul><li>Empowerment and representation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of decision-making power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active participation of all stakeholder groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary back-up to local people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accountability: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Downward accountability of local (forest) officials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flexibility: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advance financing for smallholders </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Some Governance Issues… <ul><li>Equity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in access to information related to REDD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in rights to forests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in distribution of REDD benefits </li></ul></ul>

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