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Aquino and gari   national approach to redd
 

Aquino and gari national approach to redd

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Workshop on South‐South collaboration on REDD demonstration

Workshop on South‐South collaboration on REDD demonstration

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    Aquino and gari   national approach to redd Aquino and gari national approach to redd Presentation Transcript

    • Andre Aquino – World Bank Josep Gari - UNDP
    • Why a national approach to REDD? Need for a national strategy to reduce deforestation and forest degradation Address underlying causes of deforestation (and drivers) Deal with governance issues (law enforcement, land tenure, carbon ownership, etc.) Foster intergovernamental cooperation Promote dialogue and cooperation with civil society (including IPs) Avoid national leakage National accounting of emissions avoid double counting
    • Why a national approach to REDD? A national baseline (reducing problems of additionality at the project level) National monitoring system Provide a common institutional framework for different initiatives, stakeholders, etc. Stimulate more international and regular funding Support national capacity to influence international negotiations However: subnational implementation is possible, necessary and encouraged! But how to make sure national and subnational go hand in hand?
    • Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Support to a national REDD process Organized into a Readiness Mechanism + Carbon Fund Supporting 37 countries around the world Submitted na R-PIN Participants Committee main decision-making body Last meeting in Panama (March 11-13, 2009) Technical Advisory Panel technical assistance and methodological support
    • Readiness Plan Backbone of REDD Readiness. Roadmap of how country plans to become “Ready” R-Plan prepared by country assessed by FCPF Participants Committee (with technical input from the Technical Advisory Panel) R-Plan implemented by country. FCPF provides financing for R-Plan preparation and implementation Countries highly encouraged to coordinate with other partners R-Plan is assessed by the PC, with inputs from TAP
    • R-Plan Components 1. Land use, forest policy and governance assessment 2. Management of Readiness 1. Convene a national REDD Working Group 2. Prepare a REDD Consultation, Participation and Outreach Plan 3. Design the REDD Strategy 1. Assess social and and environmental impact of candidate REDD strategy activities 2. Assess investment and capacity needs 4. REDD Implementation Framework 5. Develop a national Reference Scenario 6. Design a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification system
    • UN-REDD Programme ORIGIN In response to UNFCCC calls to examine REDD as potential instrument for post-2012 (including special attention to institutional, social and technical dimensions that need a broad view). Officially launched in September 2008 by the U.N. Secretary-General Norway provides financing but a Multilateral scope Close cooperation with World Bank (FCPF), and intention to enhancing local/pilot initiatives
    • UN-REDD Programme AIMS a) to contribute to the development of capacity for implementing REDD in pilot countries [9 COUNTRY PROCESSES] a) to support international dialogue for inclusion of a REDD mechanism in a post-2012 regime [INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FUNCTION]
    • UN-REDD Programme KEY FEATURES AND VALUE ADDED Strengthen national processes Mobilisation of 3 UN specialised agencies (FAO, UNDP, UNEP) under a One-UN approach. Convening ability (coordination, mobilisation) Governance (forest, NRM, finance, equality) Focus on consultation and participation Ability to serve as “neutral” actor for contentious issues Direct linkage with the UNFCCC (Secretariat, process)
    • The case of the Democratic Republic of Congo
    • REDD mission Multi-stakeholder mission on 19-30 January 2009 9 international organisations: FAO, UNDP, UNEP [UN-REDD Program] World Bank Government of Norway (observer) WWF, WHRC, Rainforest Foundation, ONFi National team: Government (Env. and others) and Civil Society (RRN, Dynamique Autochtome, REPALEAC) together Multi-stakeholder approach (dialogue, concertation) Participatory spirit Intense 2-week mission – several activities
    • Main results Dynamic of dialogue 5 principles of REDD agreed: - One national process only - Participation - Transparency - Technical quality - Regional integration (COMIFAC)
    • Main results Work Plan for 2009-2010 under a logical framework structure OBJECTIVE: Enabling conditions for REDD Strategy are in place PILLARS: 1. Coordination and Planning → R-Plan elaborated with participatory & multi-stakeholder 2. Capacity Building → Stakeholders informed and trained 3. Technical Dimensions → Technical foundations for REDD are defined and started
    • Main results Definition of the institutional frame for the REDD process (drafting of a REDD decree): National REDD Coordination National REDD Committee Inter-ministerial REDD Committee Technical council (tentative) Civil Society Working Group
    • Value of national REDD process Not opposed to local, pilot initiatives, but builds from them Provides overall framework for REDD activities in the country Space for dialogue, exchange, cooperation Simultaneous construction of REDD as a policy Legitimate forum to deal with controversial issues Ease coordination and consensus Country reaches international negotiations with a stronger position (experiences, proposals, etc.)
    • Obrigado!