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How to create more value from government open data
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How to create more value from government open data

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Has most of government data released openly so far been flytipping, little used and of little value? David Mitton, of ListPoint, will discuss how more value from government data can be realised. Using …

Has most of government data released openly so far been flytipping, little used and of little value? David Mitton, of ListPoint, will discuss how more value from government data can be realised. Using the national police database as a case study, he will examine how this data was made more widely usable and how IT implementation costs were reduced by 20%, just by surfacing and mapping the data standards.

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  • It is a big ask to get departments to align the standards to which they report but it does exist – take central government reporting requirements of local governmentHowever – the reference data existsData.gov.uk has over 9000 data sets on it, but if you search for ‘reference data standard’ – you get Zero. Search for code list – and you get 1200 returns but very few are the actual reference data that sits alongside the data There are over 9000 datasets tipped into data.gov.

Transcript

  • 1. Creating Greater Value from Open DataDavid Mittondavidmitton@liberata.com07770 442931
  • 2. Reference data (Code Lists) County Codes County Codes (Local Gov Standard) (Central Gov Standard) Kent KT101 Essex ESX Essex EX101 Herts HFD Hertfordshire HT101 Beds BD1 Bedfordshire BD101 Cambridgeshire CB Cambridgeshire CB101 Kent KNT Mapping competing codes together creates a data translation layer Federated data is made interoperable without redefining data standards
  • 3. Fly Tipping Picture: Kevin Rothwell, Creative Commons• Wasteful• Drain on resources• Costly
  • 4. Dumping © European Union, 1995-2012• Fees generated from commercial ‘tippers’• Sales of electricity from gas generated
  • 5. Recycling• Social and economic benefits Reduction in pollution Creation of 4 :1 extra jobs versus traditional incineration Eases demand for natural resources
  • 6. Fly Tipping Homeless Temp Leasehold Local Authority B&B Hostels Admin % Admin Spending Accom DwellingsBarnsley Borough Council £396,000 £396,000 100%Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council £489,000 £489,000 100%Knowsley Metropolitan Borough £547,000 £547,000 100%Newcastle upon Tyne City Council £1,239,000 £1,239,000 100%Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council £395,000 £395,000 100%Sunderland City Council £876,000 £876,000 100%North Tyneside Council £248,000 £0 0%St Helens Borough Council £399,000 £0 0% "from OpenlyLocal"• Wasteful Resource to publish and high cost to interrogate Where to start?
  • 7. Dumping Homeless Temp Leasehold Local Authority B&B Hostels Admin % Admin Spending Accom DwellingsBradford Metropolitan Council £1,459,000 £472,000 £987,000 68%South Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council £344,000 £129,000 £215,000 63%Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council £257,000 £33,000 £65,000 £160,000 62%Sheffield Council £5,141,000 £2,109,000 £0 £3,032,000 59%Coventry City Council £676,000 £345,000 £331,000 49%Salford City Council £1,695,000 £239,000 £507,000 £137,000 £812,000 48%Leeds City Council £9,489,000 £2,937,000 £527,000 £1,723,000 £4,302,000 45%Wigan Metropolitan Borough £820,000 £69,000 £399,000 £352,000 43%Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council £785,000 £25,000 £501,000 £140,000 £119,000 15% "from OpenlyLocal"
  • 8. Organising• The standards against which they report Bed & Breakfast Hotels Administration Temporary Accommodation• The reference data to classify it Ability to map reference data A means to make sense of diverse data sets• Outcomes Improved quality and reusability of data• Data.gov.uk
  • 9. How important is beingorganised?• The Soham Murders• Holly Wells & Jessica Chapman• Data was not interoperable• Information existed to prevent this tragedy
  • 10. The challenge of interoperability M = Male, F = Female, U = Unkown….or does it?• Try to enforce standards and you get resistance• Solution is to manage diversity, not try to impose uniformity• Good standards emerge by embracing all standards and collaborating
  • 11. The Police National Database PND Outcomes National View of Criminal Police National Dbase Intelligence 300 code list standards £2,500,000 savings 4. Translation layer (XML) on data integration CRASH PentiP 5. Quality Control 6. Re-use of standards HOLMES 3 HODH MoJ Alerts Web Services 3. Map to PND Police.uk 2. Application Context 1. Validate Local Codes 300 ICT systems and 43 police forces = 12000 competing code lists Gender Classifications Male = M, Male = M1, Male = 001, Male = M101
  • 12. EC2A 4JE
  • 13. The value of one data standard Vehicle Make Model Code List Government Private Sector Police Insurance Companies SAFETY VALUE QUALITY VOSA CRASH statistics Trade – e.g. RAC, Tracker Aftermarket parts MOT Failure Codes DVA NI Rental & Leasing VRM Lookup companiesDepartment for Transport 40 x Motor Manufacturers 1000’s Parts suppliers
  • 14. It seems obvious. So why is data‘dumped’ and savings missed? • Only 35% of UK civil servants know that using data standards can reduce IT implementation costs • Only 40% know that data standards make data interoperable • 78% do not know what benefits will flow from the open data agenda Source: Listpoint/ Dods civil service research into understanding of open data agenda and benefits – December 2012. More information at www.listpoint.co.uk
  • 15. What can the OD communitydo to give data more value?• Government Open Data is not Open Data without the reference data sat alongside it• Champion the cause Raise awareness of the role classifications play• Re-use the tools available• Outcomes Reduce costs, improve services, innovation Greater value in ‘Open Data’
  • 16. £655 Million in savings if codelists are organising and reused GOVERNMENT SPEND ON IT PROJECTS (RENEWING) 2013 2014 2015 2016 Department ICT Value No. ICT Value No. ICT Value No. ICT Value No. Attorney General’s Office Cabinet Office Department for Business, Innovation and Skills £240,000 1 £260,000,000 3 £125,000,000 2 Department for Communities and Local Government £5,000,000 1 £800,000,000 2 Department for Culture, Media and Sport £14,000,000 1 Department for Education £15,000,000 2 £90,000,000 2 £25,000,000 1 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs £15,000,000 1 £11,500,000 1 £500,000,000 1 Department for Health £106,700,000 4 £48,200,000 1 Department for Transport £153,700,000 3 £946,200,000 5 £82,000,000 1 Department for Work and Pensions £135,000,000 1 £687,000,000 3 £100,000,000 1 £300,000,000 1 Department of Health £149,000,000 2 £6,680,000,000 12 Foreign and Commonwealth Office £82,000,000 1 Greater London Authority £270,000,000 1 £38,000,000 2 £12,000,000 1 HM Revenue and Customs £1,610,000,000 2 £56,000,000 1 HM Treasury £100,154,000 3 £80,000,000 2 Home Office £122,000,000 1 £30,500,000 1 £10,000,000 2 £1,328,100,000 4 Local Authority £687,396,347 30 £351,397,244 22 £364,225,000 33 £896,200,000 14 Ministry of Defence £23,500,000 3 £173,000,000 2 £6,895,000,000 6 £80,000,000 1 Ministry of Justice £501,410,000 3 £62,000,000 2 Police £4,800,000 1 £0 1 £8,430,000 4 £600,000,000 2 Transport for London £10,500,000 1 Welsh Assembly £274,000,000 2 Other £9,000,000 3 £12,000,000 1 Grand Total £3,869,246,347 63 £8,744,551,244 56 £9,575,455,000 64 £4,052,500,000 30 Average spend on data integration = 12.5% of total £483,655,793 £1,093,068,906 £1,242,460,000 £506,562,500 Savings by adopting Listpoint (as per PND) £96,731,159 £218,613,781 £248,492,000 £101,312,500 Savings over 4 Years on ICT projects £665,149,440
  • 17. Appendix• Listpoint Background• Listpoint Features• Reference data mapping
  • 18. Listpoint Background• 16,000 Government reference data sets published• Classified as a re-usable asset on the ICT ASK register ICT Asset and Services Knowledgebase Part of the ERG process (Cabinet office review of planned £5m+ government projects – to ensure re-use and not re-invention)• A member of the European Commission CESAR programme Community of European Semantic Asset Repositories Largest contributor of semantic ‘assets’• Award winning application Emergency Services Awards 2011• A free to use platform to find, load, validate and collaborate around reference data standards
  • 19. Listpoint in practice• Code List quality Browser-based editing/publishing and integrated validation rules• Context management Group relevant code lists together Recognise in which ‘context’ a data standard is being used• Context Mapping Listpoint approach to semantic interoperability Join competing standards together with auto mapping)• Quality maintenance Alerts (e-mail and web services) when standards are updated• Translation Output includes XML and SKOS – XML mappings used to translate data across multiple applications for efficient data integration