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  • 1. THE SPATIAL BEHAVIOUR OFMISSING PERSONSCASPER: computer assisted search prioritisation and environmental responseDr Susan Giles, Dr Denis Reilly, Dr Chris Wren,Mark Jones and Paul Hargreaves (Liverpool John Moores University)Dr Freya Newman (The University of Liverpool)
  • 2. MISSING PERSONScross 16 forces in England and Wales, 183, 481 missing person cases 2009-2010. -Metropolitan Police Serviceaccount for half of these (6.9 per 1000 population), if this force is excluded then on average 4.9 missing personincidents per 1000 population (www.npia.police.uk)issing from home manger GMP, in 2011, reported 20736 in the last 12monthsetween 5-20% of self harm episodes took place in an outdoor or non-residential location in Cheshire andSuicide 2001-2003 (Hennell, 2004)stimated cost of suicide per case in 2009 was £1,450,000 (Knapp, McDaid & Parsonage, 2011). The Rail Safetyand Standards Board estimates the total cost of suicides (trackside and at stations) to the industry in 2003 wasmore than £11M, @ £61,000 per suicide (Samaritans, Reducing suicide at railway stations)he local environment provides opportunities and means for suicide, e.g. e.g. Giles and Canter (2007) report moresuicides by jumping in Humberside and East Riding of Yorkshire than in two North West Coroner districts
  • 3. CASPERn interactive application, which incorporates nomothetic data with Google© map technology, tosupport multi-agency monitoring and response to local suicides, attempted suicides and missing personenquiries that occur in non-residential outdoor locations.t is intended to be of use by Police Forces and emergency response agencies to:rovide evidence and understanding of past actions at outdoor locationsalculate average search distances for missing person enquirieseight search strategies according to predefined variables
  • 4. CASPERRESEARCH PARTNERSheshire and Merseyside Suicide Reduction Networkerseyside, Cheshire and West Mercia Police (Missing person cases, 2007-2012)orth West Ambulance service (Attempted suicides, Cheshire andMerseyside 2007-2012)M Coroner for Liverpool (deaths with demonstrable suicide intent 2002-2012)
  • 5. PUBLIC HEALTH FUNCTIONSThe application is intended to be of use for public health analysts, by providing:evidence and understanding of past actions at outdoor locationsa single technology for mapping suicide and attempted suicide events alongside support servicesa visual layer of IMD inequalities mapped on to Liverpool geographyThis will enable a joined up approach across sub-region:monitoring response to outdoor suicide locationsassist in developing coordinated action plans to reduce the risk and opportunity for suicide at specific locations.direct strategic decision-making about allocation of resourcesimprove recognition of environmental risk by relevant frontline agencies.provide monitoring and intelligence support to benefit local responses to the National Suicide Reduction Strategyannual review.potentially contribute to a reduction in suicides across the region.
  • 6. HOW CAN YOU HELP?We would be keen to hear your comments and feedback.You may wish to join the steering group or contribute to focus groups (feed forward/feedback)Susan GilesLecturer in Forensic PsychologyLiverpool John Moores UniversityStaff profile: http://www.ljmu.ac.uk./NSP/100405.htmEmail: s.p.giles@ljmu.ac.ukWork: 0151 904 6316Mobile: 07792079041
  • 7. CASPERPilot demonstration – proof of concept