Suicide and FireGreater Manchester Fireand Rescue ServiceSarah Hardman (Substance Use Coordinator)Jess Smith (Research and Evaluation Officer)
Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue ServiceSecond largest FRS in the countryAttend 55,000 incidents1 million homes2.5 million people2,500 members of staff41 fire stations60000 Home Safety Checks peryear
Preventable andNon-Preventable Fire DeathsPreventableAccidental Fire deaths that could be prevented byeducation and interventionNon-PreventableFire deaths that are not accidental and are the result of adeliberate human act
Preventable Fire DeathsRecent Fatal Fires Report covers the 5 year period between 2007/08 and2011/12During that period 60 people died in Preventable fires in GMSteady decline over the 5 years from 18 to 10 (44% reduction)The reduction can be attributed in part to our prevention activity including thedelivery of 361,437 Home Safety Checks and installation of 432,861 smokealarms.Increasingly, prevention of accidental fires and fire deaths considers the keycontributory factors in place as well as the direct cause.2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 20011/1218 11 11 10 10
Non-Preventable Fire Deaths2007/08 – 2011/12: 51 people died in Non-Preventable fires in GMIncrease over the 5 years from 6 to 14 (133% increase)2011/2012: First year that there were more non-preventable fire deaths than preventablefire deaths.Led us to challenge the belief that certain categories of fires cannot be prevented.GMFRS now considers all fires, (accidental or deliberate), as preventable.We will look to intervene and work in partnership to prevent and reduce deliberate firesand fire deaths, just as we have previously done with accidental fires2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 20011/126 13 10 8 14
SuicideSuicide accounted for 19 out of 51 Non-Preventable fire deaths (37%).That is 17% of total fire deathsSignificant Findings:74% fire related suicides involved people aged 41-6063% fire related suicides were in a dwelling68% fire related suicides self immolationContributory factors: mental illness, alcohol, prescribed medication,physical disability, recreational drugs
ResearchAims:•To better understand the scale of self-immolation within Greater Manchester;•To develop a richer understanding of the circumstances surrounding suicidesinvolving fire;•To support GMFRS in identifying any partnerships that could be developedwith the aim of helping to prevent such incidents.
ResearchProposed research questions:•How prevalent is self-immolation within Greater Manchester?•What steps could GMFRS and its partners take to help prevent such deathsfrom occurring in the future?
ResearchProposed methodology:•A mixed method approach: quantitative and qualitative– Stage 1: Scoping– Stage 2: Literature review– Stage 3: Data analysis– Stage 4: Case study research– Stage 5: Reporting– Stage 6: Development of recommendations