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  • Here we can clearly see that it’s gender.We can see from the late 90’s that the problem started to increase in young men. And we can see that track down, with the suicide rate staying with each age cohort.The other thing that this graph shows is that to an extent, what’s happening in society impacts upon both genders. The early 80s were clearly a tought time for both older men and older women.But the big, over takeaway message, is that it’s gender. No matter how we salami slice other issues – poverty, employment, relationships, mental health issues – we see predominantly more men taking their lives than women.DATA source: ONS, table one, suicide rates in the UK. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/subnational-health4/suicides-in-the-united-kingdom/2011/stb-suicide-bulletin.html
  • In 2011 there were 4,871 suicides in England and Wales.  3,701 of them (76%) were maleAbout 900 young men kill themselves each year – the biggest killer of young menSuicide is increasing significantly in men aged 35-50.
  • If we want to attract men, then we need to speak their language.Gillette don’t aim their ads at ‘the public’, they focus them upon their audience.We should do no less.

Gender and Suicide Gender and Suicide Presentation Transcript

  • GENDER & SUICIDEJane Powell & Simon HowesNW Suicide Reduction Summit 2013
  • Depression occurs as often inmen as in women but womenare twice as likely to bediagnosed and treated
  • FEMALE SUICIDE RATES15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 +1981 2.4 4.4 5.4 7.0 7.7 11.5 11.4 15.4 16.1 14.9 17.0 16.8 14.6 13.0 12.31982 1.9 4.9 6.1 6.9 8.2 10.5 10.4 14.3 15.2 14.6 14.9 16.8 14.7 15.3 11.31983 2.1 4.1 5.1 5.7 8.6 9.8 9.6 12.4 14.8 14.2 14.8 15.5 14.2 12.1 13.21984 1.9 3.3 5.6 5.5 8.4 9.4 10.4 13.7 13.5 15.3 13.5 14.1 14.2 14.8 9.81985 2.2 3.7 4.6 6.8 6.7 9.2 11.0 13.6 14.8 15.2 16.9 15.8 14.9 14.0 10.01986 2.6 4.1 5.5 5.9 7.9 7.0 8.1 13.2 11.3 13.8 13.5 14.3 16.3 11.1 10.01987 3.0 4.6 5.8 6.1 7.1 7.9 8.7 10.5 10.7 12.0 11.4 11.9 10.1 12.3 10.01988 3.0 5.2 4.7 7.2 8.0 8.0 7.8 10.7 10.7 9.5 11.6 12.7 13.8 12.1 10.81989 3.1 4.5 5.9 6.4 5.8 6.8 7.0 10.0 8.7 10.3 8.7 8.8 11.2 10.0 10.21990 2.4 4.3 5.6 6.5 6.8 7.0 7.7 7.7 7.5 9.2 9.6 9.6 10.2 8.5 9.51991 3.1 4.7 4.7 6.4 6.0 6.6 6.7 8.6 8.7 7.6 7.3 9.5 9.1 9.3 8.51992 2.3 5.1 6.5 6.0 5.7 7.0 7.4 7.6 7.7 8.6 7.6 8.9 8.5 8.9 7.21993 2.3 4.8 6.1 6.0 6.4 7.6 6.0 7.6 8.0 6.3 7.9 6.8 8.9 9.7 10.11994 1.9 4.8 5.6 6.1 5.7 7.4 5.1 7.8 6.3 7.2 6.3 7.8 8.2 10.2 9.71995 3.0 4.2 5.3 4.8 7.1 8.1 6.1 7.0 6.8 6.6 5.2 7.3 8.6 9.0 7.11996 3.6 4.9 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 5.6 7.2 6.5 4.8 6.3 6.3 6.7 7.5 8.71997 2.6 5.4 5.5 5.5 6.8 7.5 6.5 6.6 7.2 5.8 6.7 6.6 5.1 6.2 7.01998 3.5 5.5 6.1 6.5 7.3 6.6 5.8 6.5 6.6 5.2 7.4 6.9 6.7 6.9 7.21999 3.2 5.0 6.0 6.2 6.8 7.2 4.9 6.9 6.3 4.9 6.6 6.5 7.0 7.1 7.02000 3.8 5.0 6.4 5.9 6.4 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0 5.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.2 7.62001 2.3 4.9 4.9 6.3 7.0 6.7 5.2 7.2 6.6 6.7 4.6 5.8 5.9 6.2 6.52002 2.7 4.7 7.4 5.2 6.8 6.2 5.5 6.7 6.4 5.4 5.6 5.1 5.6 6.7 8.62003 2.7 5.0 4.5 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.1 8.1 6.1 5.2 4.7 4.6 6.3 5.3 7.62004 3.3 3.9 5.3 5.9 6.3 7.6 7.3 7.2 6.7 5.7 6.0 5.9 6.8 5.9 8.62005 2.7 4.5 5.2 5.9 6.3 6.5 6.6 8.4 7.0 5.6 4.9 4.1 4.4 5.7 6.72006 2.3 3.4 5.1 4.6 6.0 5.1 6.6 8.0 6.6 6.6 4.6 3.4 4.0 5.3 5.02007 2.3 2.8 3.5 5.6 5.2 5.7 6.0 7.2 6.0 5.3 5.3 4.6 4.1 4.9 4.42008 2.4 3.5 5.0 6.2 5.5 6.7 5.7 8.2 6.3 4.6 4.7 3.6 4.3 5.6 3.62009 2.4 3.6 5.6 4.3 6.1 7.2 5.8 6.1 6.6 5.3 4.5 3.8 4.5 4.9 4.92010 2.8 4.5 4.2 5.0 6.4 6.2 5.8 7.3 6.0 5.4 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.02011 3.1 4.3 4.9 5.7 6.7 6.8 5.9 7.7 7.1 5.1 4.4 4.1 4.0 5.3 5.3per 000,00025 - 3020 - 2515 - 2010 - 155 - 10< 5Using ONS UK rates 1981-2011
  • MALE SUICIDE RATES15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 +1981 7.1 14.6 19.4 17.9 19.6 21.5 19.5 23.5 23.8 23.0 20.1 23.0 27.7 28.9 31.91982 5.8 13.6 18.6 18.5 18.4 20.2 21.7 21.8 24.9 20.7 22.9 22.8 25.6 30.7 34.21983 6.1 13.5 17.4 18.4 19.3 21.9 20.5 22.7 21.8 22.9 22.4 22.0 27.7 31.9 25.31984 6.5 14.0 17.3 19.5 19.6 22.4 20.3 22.5 23.9 20.3 20.1 24.3 27.3 30.1 25.21985 7.0 16.5 18.7 20.9 20.8 23.2 21.4 22.8 23.0 23.2 22.5 21.7 28.1 31.5 27.81986 7.7 17.8 18.4 21.2 19.2 22.6 20.0 23.2 21.9 23.1 22.8 24.7 27.4 39.9 28.91987 9.0 19.1 18.0 21.8 20.2 21.0 19.7 19.9 21.5 22.1 21.3 20.7 23.7 31.1 36.41988 10.5 22.5 21.1 23.7 25.1 23.4 19.2 21.0 21.1 22.1 20.2 23.4 29.9 39.7 36.61989 9.4 20.7 21.2 21.5 22.2 20.7 18.3 20.0 22.8 15.5 18.0 17.4 24.8 27.9 32.21990 9.1 24.1 25.3 21.6 24.2 23.1 21.1 21.2 20.8 16.3 19.3 18.8 20.1 30.5 33.91991 9.6 21.9 24.4 24.5 25.5 25.0 23.2 21.0 17.2 16.5 15.9 14.0 19.7 26.0 34.91992 9.6 23.6 24.5 22.7 25.2 25.0 21.1 21.7 19.1 17.5 15.8 18.7 18.8 25.9 28.61993 9.5 25.5 24.0 22.1 22.9 25.0 21.4 20.2 19.7 14.7 16.3 14.7 17.8 22.5 28.71994 9.1 23.9 26.0 25.0 21.4 22.3 17.6 19.3 16.7 16.0 16.1 14.0 19.1 25.1 36.21995 8.4 23.3 26.1 24.8 23.2 26.6 17.5 20.8 18.2 15.1 15.5 11.8 17.6 21.4 30.71996 8.3 21.2 24.6 26.1 21.1 23.5 19.5 16.8 16.9 12.9 13.0 17.3 16.5 25.0 28.21997 9.8 23.9 25.2 24.3 21.5 20.2 19.5 18.1 15.5 13.7 12.0 13.2 16.7 20.5 28.31998 10.4 25.8 30.0 30.0 23.7 24.0 21.2 18.9 17.7 14.6 14.3 11.3 15.8 18.1 22.91999 9.9 22.4 26.9 27.8 25.7 23.1 20.6 18.8 17.7 16.0 14.7 14.4 17.4 19.6 30.92000 9.6 23.3 26.7 24.8 25.9 22.3 19.9 18.6 16.8 13.5 13.0 14.4 15.3 18.1 28.82001 10.2 19.3 23.1 24.6 23.1 22.4 21.5 19.4 17.9 13.4 13.0 14.3 16.1 15.9 26.92002 8.5 17.9 23.8 25.9 23.8 23.0 19.5 18.9 16.6 13.0 13.4 12.4 11.6 14.0 21.32003 6.6 18.4 21.2 24.2 24.2 23.1 18.5 17.8 16.2 14.0 11.7 13.4 15.1 16.7 20.82004 7.1 16.5 19.3 22.7 25.9 22.5 18.7 20.6 16.1 13.0 13.5 11.3 14.2 19.3 26.42005 6.7 15.1 17.3 22.7 23.6 23.1 20.0 19.0 15.8 15.0 12.1 12.0 10.6 19.0 25.22006 6.5 14.5 16.8 21.5 23.2 23.7 18.9 20.1 18.2 14.9 12.2 11.7 12.8 14.5 19.52007 6.7 14.4 17.0 21.9 23.5 21.9 17.7 18.3 17.1 13.9 11.8 9.4 13.2 16.7 17.62008 7.2 15.0 18.8 21.6 24.0 24.9 19.2 19.5 17.6 14.5 11.5 12.0 11.3 16.7 16.42009 6.5 14.4 19.2 18.6 24.9 24.2 20.0 21.5 18.8 13.1 10.8 10.5 11.8 15.1 15.72010 5.6 15.1 14.8 19.3 21.5 23.9 20.1 20.9 19.4 15.1 10.0 11.3 11.9 16.5 18.32011 6.6 15.4 17.3 19.2 24.2 26.9 22.0 18.5 15.4 14.4 10.9 12.2 12.2 13.9 17.0per 000,00025 - 3020 - 2515 - 2010 - 155 - 10< 5Using ONS UK rates 1981-2011
  • AROUND THE WORLD010203040506070LITHUANIABELARUSKAZAKHSTANHUNGARYLATVIAREPUBLICOFKOREAUKRAINESLOVENIAESTONIAREPUBLICOFMOLDOVAFINLANDCROATIASERBIAPOLANDSWITZERLANDFRANCECZECHREPUBLICAUSTRIAROMANIACHINA(HongKongSAR)CUBAIRELANDBULGARIACHILENEWZEALANDNORWAYICELANDLUXEMBOURGPORTUGALKYRGYZSTANNETHERLANDSINDIAELSALVADORARGENTINASPAINMAURITIUSUNITEDKINGDOMECUADORCOSTARICAITALYPANAMASEYCHELLESCOLOMBIABRAZILMalesFemalesUKWHO statistics, using 2007,2008, 2009only: top 75 counties
  • What’s Expected
  • BE RICH, FAMOUS, HANSOME
  • STRONG & SILENT
  • MEN & DEPRESSION / CRISISPrideAngerIrritabilitySelf MedicationLack of libidoLack of sleepRisk takingSleeping too much
  • MEN Men are far less likely than women to seek help withmedical problems Men are three times more likely than women to bealcohol dependent Men make up 94 per cent of the UK prison population Men represent 85% of people who sleep rough Men represent 73% of people who go missing each yearSources: BBC News & MIND
  • LONDON PCTS• 32 PCTs were asked how much they paid for services they commissionedoutside the NHS, broken down by gender. Our of with gender-basedservices that replied:• 4 borough PCTs commissioned specifically men’s services at a cost of£11,135,291• 15 PCTs commissioned women’s services, at a cost of between £13,156,785and £13,429,785.• Women’s health services received between £1,775,766-£2,048,766more funding than men’s over the past five years.Sources: BBC News & MINDThe Bureau of Investigative Journalism –June 2012
  • LONDON COUNCILS• Were asked for information relating to third sector services, whichalthough not directly related to health are focused on wellbeing.• Of those that responded, three times more was spent on servicesaimed at or predominantly used by women.• £20,111,866 was spent on services aimed at women.• £6,022,289 was spent on services aimed at men.The Bureau of Investigative Journalism –June 2012
  • MOVING AHEAD
  • Awareness vs. CredibilityChose credibilityBuild a reputationGet peer-to-peer recommendationCURRENCY
  • MensMagazineAd.
  • MERSEYSIDE
  • MERSEYSIDE
  • MERSEYSIDE
  • 1. What is perceived as acceptable“manly” behaviour Requires societal change & personal change – CULTURE2. The current shape of services thatcould help men Requires changes in practice and deliveryThe problem…
  • Welcome to…North WestReducing Suicide Summit 2013