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Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
Pakistan atomic program
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Pakistan atomic program

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  • 1.  
  • 2. NUCLEAR PROGRAM OF PAKISTAN ITS FOUNDER AND INDO-PAK RELATIONS BY: THAWBAN BAIG
  • 3. <ul><li>TABLE OF CONTENTS: </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR PROGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR WEAPONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HISTORY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DESCRIPTION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITS POLITICAL FOUNDER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TECHNICAL FOUNDER </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INDO-PAK RELATIONSHIP AFTER GETTING NUCLEAR CAPABILITY </li></ul><ul><li>THREATS TO INDIA AND BENEFITS OF NUCLEAR PROGRAM FOR PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  • 4. INTRODUCTION NUCLEAR PROGRAM, NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND HISTORY
  • 5. NUCLEAR PROGRAM <ul><li>NUCLEAR PROGRAM TO ACHIEVE NUCLEAR POWER </li></ul><ul><li>HELPS TO GENERATE POWER AND TO BUILD WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION </li></ul>
  • 6. NUCLEAR WEAPONS <ul><li>A NUCLEAR WEAPON DERIVES ITS DESTRUCTIVE FORCE FROM NUCLEAR REACTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROVIDE COUNTRIES HELP TO STRENGHTHEN THEIR DEFENCE </li></ul>
  • 7. CONT... <ul><li>NUCLEAR WEAPONS DEPENDING ON THE MATERIAL USED IN THEIR PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS </li></ul>
  • 8. HISTORY <ul><li>FIRST RECORDED NUCLEAR POWER, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY TWO TIMES NUCLEAR WEAPONS ARE USED </li></ul>
  • 9. CONT… <ul><li>CAUSED DEATH OF 80,000 PEOPLE IN JAPAN AND CAUSED LONG TERM NUCLEAR SICKNESS </li></ul><ul><li>FEW COUNTRIES ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THEY HAVE NUCLEAR WEAPONS </li></ul>
  • 10. DESCRIPTION PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM, ITS POLITICAL AND TECHNICAL FOUNDERS
  • 11. NUCLEAR PAKISTAN <ul><li>PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM STARTED IN 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>IN 1961, PAEC SET UP A MINERAL CENTRE AT DHAKA AND LAHORE </li></ul>
  • 12. CONT… <ul><li>“ PROJECT 706” </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR EXPERIMENT IN AUGUST 1998 </li></ul>
  • 13. POLITICAL FOUNDER OF OUR ATOMIC BOMB <ul><li>ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO, THE FOUNDER OF PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>“ IF INDIA BUILDS THE BOMB, WE WILL EAT GRASS AND LEAVES FOR A THOUSAND YEARS, EVEN GO HUNGRY, BUT WE WILL GET ONE OF OUR OWN” (ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO) </li></ul>
  • 14. CONT… <ul><li>ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO WAS MOTIVATED, HE WAS HAVING A VISION OF NUCLEAR PAKISTAN. </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER INDIAN NUCLEAR CAPABILITY, HE WAS MOTIVATED TO MAKE PAKISTAN A NUCLEAR POWER. </li></ul>
  • 15. CONT… <ul><li>HE TOLD SCIENTISTS DURING A MEETING TO GET NUCLEAR CAPABILITY WITHIN 3 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>“ THE CHRISTIANS HAVE THE BOMB, THE JEWS HAVE THE BOMB AND NOW THE HINDUS HAVE THE BOMB. WHY NOT THE MUSLIMS TOO HAVE THE BOMB??” (BHUTTO) </li></ul>
  • 16. TECHNICAL FOUNDER OF NUCLEAR PROGRAM <ul><li>DR. ABDUL QADEER KHAN, FATHER OF NUCLEAR PAKISTAN </li></ul><ul><li>DR. A Q KHAN, A METALLURGICAL ENGINEER, WORKING AT THE DUTCH RESEARCH FIRM URENCO </li></ul>
  • 17. CONT… <ul><li>INDIA&apos;S SURPRISE NUCLEAR TEST AND KHAN’S PATRIOTISM </li></ul><ul><li>DR KHAN LEFT HIS JOB AT URENCO </li></ul>
  • 18. CONT… <ul><li>DR. KHAN’S RETURN TO PAKISTAN </li></ul><ul><li>KHAN WAS AT SENIOR POST IN URENCO </li></ul>
  • 19. CONT… <ul><li>DR. A Q KHAN LED FOUNDATIONS OF KAHUTA RESEARCH LABORATORY </li></ul><ul><li>PRIME MINISTER BHUTTO GAVE KHAN AUTONOMOUS CONTROL OF THE URANIUM ENRICHMENT PROJECT </li></ul>
  • 20. INDIA’S RELATIONS WITH PAKISTAN BEFORE OUR NUCLEAR TESTS <ul><li>AFTER INDIAN MILITARY EXERCISES ON THE BORDERS OF PAKISTAN </li></ul><ul><li>CRICKET DIPLOMACY </li></ul><ul><li>(GEN. ZIA-UL-HAQ) </li></ul>
  • 21. CONT… <ul><li>MANY TIMES INDIA PRESSURIZED OUR POLITICAL LEADERS </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS IN MAY 1998 </li></ul>
  • 22. CONT… <ul><li>CHANGING BEHAVIOR OF INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>PRESSURE FROM PUBLIC ON POLITICAL GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  • 23. NUCLEAR TESTS <ul><li>2 WEEKS AFTER INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR EXPERIMENTS AT CHAGAI </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL GOVERNMENT FACE A GREAT PRESSURE FROM WEST </li></ul>
  • 24. CONT… <ul><li>GOVERNMENT DETERMINATION RESULTED IN PAKISTAN CAPABLE OF NUCLEAR BOMB </li></ul><ul><li>ISLAMIC BOMB </li></ul>
  • 25. THREATS TO INDIA <ul><li>INDIA IS ENEMY OF PAKISTAN FROM VERY FIRST DAY OF OUR INDEPENDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>WE FOUGHT 3 WARS WITH INDIA </li></ul>
  • 26. CONT… <ul><li>NOW PAKISTAN IS ALSO A NUCLEAR POWER AND HAVING NUCLEAR ARSENALS </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR CAPABILITY, INDIA NEVER DARED TO ATTACK ON PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  • 27. CONT… <ul><li>IF INDIA USES NUCLEAR WEAPONS THEN? </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN CAN HIT ALMOST ALL THE MAJOR CITIES AND ECONOMIC HUBS OF INDIA </li></ul>
  • 28. CONT… <ul><li>NUCLEAR MISSILES OF PAKISTAN ARE OPERATIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>WHILE MOST OF THE INDIAN MISSILES ARE NON-OPERATIONAL </li></ul>
  • 29. CONT… <ul><li>INDIA ACCEPTED THAT PAKISTAN’S MISSILE PROGRAM IS MORE EFFICIENT THAN INDIA’S </li></ul>
  • 30. Pakistan&apos;s Nuclear Capable Missiles Name/Designation Class Range (varies with payload weight) Payload Status Hatf-I SRBM 100 km 500 kg Operational Abdali SRBM 180 km 500 kg Operational Ghaznavi SRBM 290 km 500 kg Operational M-11 SRBM 300 km 500 kg Operational Shaheen-I SRBM 750 km 850 kg Operational Ghauri-I MRBM 1,500 km 750 kg Operational Ghauri-II MRBM 2,300 km 750-1,200 kg Operational Shaheen-II MRBM 2,500 km 700 kg Operational  Ghauri-III IRBM 3,500+ km 1,200+ kg Under Development Shaheen-III IRBM 4,500+ km 1,200+ kg Under Development Babur (Hatf 7) Cruise Missile 700 km 500 kg Operational Ra&apos;ad (Hatf 8) Air Launched Cruise Missile 350 km 500 kg Operational
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