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Pakistan atomic program

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  • 1.  
  • 2. NUCLEAR PROGRAM OF PAKISTAN ITS FOUNDER AND INDO-PAK RELATIONS BY: THAWBAN BAIG
  • 3.
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS:
    • INTRODUCTION
    • NUCLEAR PROGRAM
    • NUCLEAR WEAPONS
      • HISTORY
    • DESCRIPTION
      • PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM
      • ITS POLITICAL FOUNDER
      • TECHNICAL FOUNDER
    • INDO-PAK RELATIONSHIP AFTER GETTING NUCLEAR CAPABILITY
    • THREATS TO INDIA AND BENEFITS OF NUCLEAR PROGRAM FOR PAKISTAN
  • 4. INTRODUCTION NUCLEAR PROGRAM, NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND HISTORY
  • 5. NUCLEAR PROGRAM
    • NUCLEAR PROGRAM TO ACHIEVE NUCLEAR POWER
    • HELPS TO GENERATE POWER AND TO BUILD WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
  • 6. NUCLEAR WEAPONS
    • A NUCLEAR WEAPON DERIVES ITS DESTRUCTIVE FORCE FROM NUCLEAR REACTIONS
    • NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROVIDE COUNTRIES HELP TO STRENGHTHEN THEIR DEFENCE
  • 7. CONT...
    • NUCLEAR WEAPONS DEPENDING ON THE MATERIAL USED IN THEIR PRODUCTION
    • TYPES OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS
  • 8. HISTORY
    • FIRST RECORDED NUCLEAR POWER, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
    • ONLY TWO TIMES NUCLEAR WEAPONS ARE USED
  • 9. CONT…
    • CAUSED DEATH OF 80,000 PEOPLE IN JAPAN AND CAUSED LONG TERM NUCLEAR SICKNESS
    • FEW COUNTRIES ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THEY HAVE NUCLEAR WEAPONS
  • 10. DESCRIPTION PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM, ITS POLITICAL AND TECHNICAL FOUNDERS
  • 11. NUCLEAR PAKISTAN
    • PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM STARTED IN 1956
    • IN 1961, PAEC SET UP A MINERAL CENTRE AT DHAKA AND LAHORE
  • 12. CONT…
    • “ PROJECT 706”
    • PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR EXPERIMENT IN AUGUST 1998
  • 13. POLITICAL FOUNDER OF OUR ATOMIC BOMB
    • ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO, THE FOUNDER OF PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM
    • “ IF INDIA BUILDS THE BOMB, WE WILL EAT GRASS AND LEAVES FOR A THOUSAND YEARS, EVEN GO HUNGRY, BUT WE WILL GET ONE OF OUR OWN” (ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO)
  • 14. CONT…
    • ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO WAS MOTIVATED, HE WAS HAVING A VISION OF NUCLEAR PAKISTAN.
    • AFTER INDIAN NUCLEAR CAPABILITY, HE WAS MOTIVATED TO MAKE PAKISTAN A NUCLEAR POWER.
  • 15. CONT…
    • HE TOLD SCIENTISTS DURING A MEETING TO GET NUCLEAR CAPABILITY WITHIN 3 YEARS
    • “ THE CHRISTIANS HAVE THE BOMB, THE JEWS HAVE THE BOMB AND NOW THE HINDUS HAVE THE BOMB. WHY NOT THE MUSLIMS TOO HAVE THE BOMB??” (BHUTTO)
  • 16. TECHNICAL FOUNDER OF NUCLEAR PROGRAM
    • DR. ABDUL QADEER KHAN, FATHER OF NUCLEAR PAKISTAN
    • DR. A Q KHAN, A METALLURGICAL ENGINEER, WORKING AT THE DUTCH RESEARCH FIRM URENCO
  • 17. CONT…
    • INDIA'S SURPRISE NUCLEAR TEST AND KHAN’S PATRIOTISM
    • DR KHAN LEFT HIS JOB AT URENCO
  • 18. CONT…
    • DR. KHAN’S RETURN TO PAKISTAN
    • KHAN WAS AT SENIOR POST IN URENCO
  • 19. CONT…
    • DR. A Q KHAN LED FOUNDATIONS OF KAHUTA RESEARCH LABORATORY
    • PRIME MINISTER BHUTTO GAVE KHAN AUTONOMOUS CONTROL OF THE URANIUM ENRICHMENT PROJECT
  • 20. INDIA’S RELATIONS WITH PAKISTAN BEFORE OUR NUCLEAR TESTS
    • AFTER INDIAN MILITARY EXERCISES ON THE BORDERS OF PAKISTAN
    • CRICKET DIPLOMACY
    • (GEN. ZIA-UL-HAQ)
  • 21. CONT…
    • MANY TIMES INDIA PRESSURIZED OUR POLITICAL LEADERS
    • INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS IN MAY 1998
  • 22. CONT…
    • CHANGING BEHAVIOR OF INDIA
    • PRESSURE FROM PUBLIC ON POLITICAL GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN
  • 23. NUCLEAR TESTS
    • 2 WEEKS AFTER INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR EXPERIMENTS AT CHAGAI
    • POLITICAL GOVERNMENT FACE A GREAT PRESSURE FROM WEST
  • 24. CONT…
    • GOVERNMENT DETERMINATION RESULTED IN PAKISTAN CAPABLE OF NUCLEAR BOMB
    • ISLAMIC BOMB
  • 25. THREATS TO INDIA
    • INDIA IS ENEMY OF PAKISTAN FROM VERY FIRST DAY OF OUR INDEPENDENCE
    • WE FOUGHT 3 WARS WITH INDIA
  • 26. CONT…
    • NOW PAKISTAN IS ALSO A NUCLEAR POWER AND HAVING NUCLEAR ARSENALS
    • AFTER PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR CAPABILITY, INDIA NEVER DARED TO ATTACK ON PAKISTAN
  • 27. CONT…
    • IF INDIA USES NUCLEAR WEAPONS THEN?
    • PAKISTAN CAN HIT ALMOST ALL THE MAJOR CITIES AND ECONOMIC HUBS OF INDIA
  • 28. CONT…
    • NUCLEAR MISSILES OF PAKISTAN ARE OPERATIONAL
    • WHILE MOST OF THE INDIAN MISSILES ARE NON-OPERATIONAL
  • 29. CONT…
    • INDIA ACCEPTED THAT PAKISTAN’S MISSILE PROGRAM IS MORE EFFICIENT THAN INDIA’S
  • 30. Pakistan's Nuclear Capable Missiles Name/Designation Class Range (varies with payload weight) Payload Status Hatf-I SRBM 100 km 500 kg Operational Abdali SRBM 180 km 500 kg Operational Ghaznavi SRBM 290 km 500 kg Operational M-11 SRBM 300 km 500 kg Operational Shaheen-I SRBM 750 km 850 kg Operational Ghauri-I MRBM 1,500 km 750 kg Operational Ghauri-II MRBM 2,300 km 750-1,200 kg Operational Shaheen-II MRBM 2,500 km 700 kg Operational  Ghauri-III IRBM 3,500+ km 1,200+ kg Under Development Shaheen-III IRBM 4,500+ km 1,200+ kg Under Development Babur (Hatf 7) Cruise Missile 700 km 500 kg Operational Ra'ad (Hatf 8) Air Launched Cruise Missile 350 km 500 kg Operational
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.