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Ant Presentation

Ant Presentation






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    Ant Presentation Ant Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Technology is society made durable By Bruno Latour Presented by Clarence Choi
    • Bruno Latour - Born June 22, 1947, Beaune, France - A sociologist of science, anthropologist and an influential theorist in the field of Science and Technology Studies
    • Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Background:
      • First Invented in Paris in the early 1980s
      • Invented by Bruno Latour, Michel Callon and
      • others, which also includes John Law
      • An attempt to understand processes of
      technological innovation and scientific knowledge-creation
    • Actor-Network Theory (ANT) In simple english:
      • Assumes that actors can be human or non-human.
      • It is a social theory having to do with relations and networks between the actors.
      • All actors are equal, an actor will not have a more
      Significant power over the other.
      • Arrangement of actors within the network to
      accomplish programs.
      • An object is only given meaning within a
      network. - An epidemic e.g. swine flu
      • An action or objective is achieved through the influence
      of different actors within a network - Driving a car - Coming to Sydney University
    • 'Key' Example - Program=> Hotel manager wants the keys to be returned to the front desk - Anti Program <= Fickle minded customers takes the keys along with them - Program=> Attach a cumbersome weight to the key - Anti-Program <= Remove the weight - Program => Solder the key ring
    • 1. Manager reminds the customers 2. Manager hangs a sign 3. Manager attaches a weight to the keys
      • The original meanings are changed, customers no
      longer leave their room keys, instead they get rid of it. (through the arrangement of actors)
      • The network shapes the meanings of the actors.
      • The sign are just diagrams, the weight are just heavy
      Decorative pieces attached to a key
    • Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Flaws and Controversy
      • ANT seems to be largely descriptive. To what extent
      do we dissect the network? Its theory is at risk because it might degenerate into endless chains of associations.
      • It goes against the idea of heroism of technological
      advancement. Newton's theory would not have succeded If not for others.
      • ANT is amoral because it assumes that all things are equal
    • FIN Merci beaucoup