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  • 1. Technology is society made durable By Bruno Latour Presented by Clarence Choi
  • 2. Bruno Latour - Born June 22, 1947, Beaune, France - A sociologist of science, anthropologist and an influential theorist in the field of Science and Technology Studies
  • 3. Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Background:
    • First Invented in Paris in the early 1980s
    • Invented by Bruno Latour, Michel Callon and
    • 4. others, which also includes John Law
    • An attempt to understand processes of
    technological innovation and scientific knowledge-creation
  • 5. Actor-Network Theory (ANT) In simple english:
    • Assumes that actors can be human or non-human.
    • It is a social theory having to do with relations and networks between the actors.
    • All actors are equal, an actor will not have a more
    Significant power over the other.
    • Arrangement of actors within the network to
    accomplish programs.
  • 6.
    • An object is only given meaning within a
    network. - An epidemic e.g. swine flu
    • An action or objective is achieved through the influence
    of different actors within a network - Driving a car - Coming to Sydney University
  • 7. 'Key' Example - Program=> Hotel manager wants the keys to be returned to the front desk - Anti Program <= Fickle minded customers takes the keys along with them - Program=> Attach a cumbersome weight to the key - Anti-Program <= Remove the weight - Program => Solder the key ring
  • 8. 1. Manager reminds the customers 2. Manager hangs a sign 3. Manager attaches a weight to the keys
    • The original meanings are changed, customers no
    longer leave their room keys, instead they get rid of it. (through the arrangement of actors)
    • The network shapes the meanings of the actors.
    • The sign are just diagrams, the weight are just heavy
    Decorative pieces attached to a key
  • 9. Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Flaws and Controversy
    • ANT seems to be largely descriptive. To what extent
    do we dissect the network? Its theory is at risk because it might degenerate into endless chains of associations.
    • It goes against the idea of heroism of technological
    advancement. Newton's theory would not have succeded If not for others.
    • ANT is amoral because it assumes that all things are equal
  • 10. FIN Merci beaucoup

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