An action or objective is achieved through the influence
of different actors within a network - Driving a car - Coming to Sydney University
'Key' Example - Program=> Hotel manager wants the keys to be returned to the front desk - Anti Program <= Fickle minded customers takes the keys along with them - Program=> Attach a cumbersome weight to the key - Anti-Program <= Remove the weight - Program => Solder the key ring
1. Manager reminds the customers 2. Manager hangs a sign 3. Manager attaches a weight to the keys
The original meanings are changed, customers no
longer leave their room keys, instead they get rid of it. (through the arrangement of actors)
The network shapes the meanings of the actors.
The sign are just diagrams, the weight are just heavy
Decorative pieces attached to a key
Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Flaws and Controversy
ANT seems to be largely descriptive. To what extent
do we dissect the network? Its theory is at risk because it might degenerate into endless chains of associations.
It goes against the idea of heroism of technological
advancement. Newton's theory would not have succeded If not for others.
ANT is amoral because it assumes that all things are equal