FREE VERSE AND THE ROMANTICS
FREE VERSE <ul><li>Free verse, known in French as  Verse Libre  is different from conventional poetry in that it lacks reg...
Free Verse <ul><li>Free verse uses rhythm , though not in the regular patterns of  meter . </li></ul><ul><li>It uses other...
I hear America singing <ul><li>I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear,/ </li></ul><ul><li>Those of mechanics, ea...
Anaphora <ul><li>The same word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Or I g...
The old and the new <ul><li>It is interesting to note that though this technique was 'revolutionary', it wasn't new. Anaph...
Catalog <ul><li>Catalog  is the listing of people, things or attributes to create a musical effect. </li></ul><ul><li>&quo...
Repetition <ul><li>Words and phrases repeated at the beginning of two or more lines. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the way the...
Parallelism <ul><li>Similar ideas or related ideas phrased in similar ways. </li></ul><ul><li>More specifically, it means ...
Spotting parallels <ul><li>Unlike the other effects shown, parallelism can be slightly harder to spot. Parallelism in the ...
<ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The  lazy  and  sluggish  snake </li></ul><ul><li>Bit the  merry  and  cheery...
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Verse

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Verse

  1. 1. FREE VERSE AND THE ROMANTICS
  2. 2. FREE VERSE <ul><li>Free verse, known in French as Verse Libre is different from conventional poetry in that it lacks regular meter and rhyme. </li></ul><ul><li>Walt Whitman is the pioneer of free verse in America. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Free Verse <ul><li>Free verse uses rhythm , though not in the regular patterns of meter . </li></ul><ul><li>It uses other sound effects different from rhyme to achieve musicality. REPETITION, PARALLELISM, AND CATALOGS, for example. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;In I hear America singing&quot;, Whitman creates a cadence by repeating the word singing and through parallel lines in the stanzas. </li></ul>
  4. 4. I hear America singing <ul><li>I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear,/ </li></ul><ul><li>Those of mechanics, each one singing his as it should be blithe and strong,/ </li></ul><ul><li>The carpenter singing his as he measures his/ </li></ul><ul><li>plank or beam. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Anaphora <ul><li>The same word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Or I guess the grass is itself a child, the produced babe of vegetation/ </li></ul><ul><li>Or I guess it is a uniform hieroglyphic.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. The old and the new <ul><li>It is interesting to note that though this technique was 'revolutionary', it wasn't new. Anaphora is found, for example, in psalm 23. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes, bringing back old ideas is the way to revitalize an art. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Catalog <ul><li>Catalog is the listing of people, things or attributes to create a musical effect. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, </li></ul><ul><li>The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, </li></ul><ul><li>The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, </li></ul><ul><li>The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready...&quot; </li></ul>
  8. 8. Repetition <ul><li>Words and phrases repeated at the beginning of two or more lines. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the way the world ends </li></ul><ul><li>This is the way the world ends </li></ul><ul><li>This is the way the world ends </li></ul><ul><li>Not with a bang, but a whimper. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Parallelism <ul><li>Similar ideas or related ideas phrased in similar ways. </li></ul><ul><li>More specifically, it means giving two or more parts of the sentence a similar form to create a pattern. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessing; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.&quot; (Churchill) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Spotting parallels <ul><li>Unlike the other effects shown, parallelism can be slightly harder to spot. Parallelism in the previous slide (the Churchill quote was not in the repetition of &quot;the inherent&quot;. It was instead in the ideas 'the inherent vice ' and 'the inherent virtue '. Vice is the opposite of virtue. See? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The lazy and sluggish snake </li></ul><ul><li>Bit the merry and cheery little girl, </li></ul><ul><li>Making her all sad and mournful .&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Lazy and sluggish, two adjectives that are related, same for merry and cheery and sad and mournful. Even though this does not rhyme, it has a musical feeling to it, due to the pattern. </li></ul>
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