English klass 8 past tense (1)


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English klass 8 past tense (1)

  1. 1. The simple past tense Tunaholmsskolan klass 8 English Grammar  Form (structure)  Meaning & Use  Pronunciation
  2. 2. How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two typestwo types of verbs in the past tense:  taught  walked  studied  gave  became  cried  lived  did Look at the following list of past tense verbs… which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?  Regular verbs  Irregular verbs
  3. 3. RegularRegular verbs are verbs that …. Simple Form Past Tense Walk Study Cry Live …end with – eded
  4. 4. IrregularIrregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with –eded some irregular verbs Have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive drove forget forgot
  5. 5. other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: SimpleSimple PastPast teach taughttaught bring broughtbrought Leave leftleft Hear heardheard Buy boughtbought
  6. 6. And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . SimpleSimple PastPast hit hit put put set set The children set the table every Sunday. The children set the table last night.
  7. 7. For regularregular verbs, simply use the –ed–ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.
  8. 8. For irregularirregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. Last week, I ___________ you a letter. The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!
  9. 9. For negative sentences,USEFor negative sentences,USE I went to work yesterday. Carl didn’t godidn’t go to work because he was sick.
  10. 10. Exception = VERB BE! The verb be is special. Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:
  11. 11. Meaning & Use In what situations do English speakers use the simple past tense?  Completed actions in the past What are some common time expressions used with the past tense?
  12. 12. Examples: I saw Maria yesterdayyesterday. Last weekLast week, 8C took their listening tests. They got married two years agotwo years ago.
  13. 13. pronunciationpronunciation The –ed ending in English has:
  14. 14. Some regular verbs end with a “tt” sound: Walked Laughed Washed Talked jumped
  15. 15. Some regular verbs end with a “dd” sound: planned played learned answered loved
  16. 16. Other regular verbs end with an “idid” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable/stavelse: Simple FormSimple Form Past TensePast Tense
  17. 17. There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed. However, It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed–ed verbs have a t sound, which have a d sound, and which have an id sound. And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.
  18. 18. Student Practice: Go to this website to practice what you have learned today: http://www.quia.com/quiz/66441