The simple past
tense
Tunaholmsskolan
klass 8 English Grammar
 Form (structure)
 Meaning & Use
 Pronunciation
How do we form the simple
past tense . . .?
English has two typestwo types
of verbs in the past
tense:
 taught
 walked
...
RegularRegular verbs are verbs that ….
Simple Form Past Tense
Walk
Study
Cry
Live
…end with –
eded
IrregularIrregular verbs are verbs that . .
. .
…DON’T end with –eded
some irregular verbs
Have a vowel change in the past...
other irregular verbs
Have a different kind of change:
SimpleSimple PastPast
teach taughttaught
bring broughtbrought
Leave...
And some irregular verbs
don’t change at all . . .
SimpleSimple PastPast
hit hit
put put
set set
The children set the tabl...
For regularregular verbs, simply use the –ed–ed form of the
verb in a positive sentence.
When I was a child, I ___________...
For irregularirregular verbs, use the correct
past tense form in positive sentences.
Last week, I ___________ you a
letter...
For negative sentences,USEFor negative sentences,USE
I went to work
yesterday.
Carl didn’t godidn’t go to work
because he ...
Exception =
VERB BE!
The verb be is special.
Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T
with the verb BE. Instead, just use:
Meaning & Use
In what situations do English speakers use
the simple past tense?
 Completed actions in the past What are
s...
Examples:
I saw Maria yesterdayyesterday.
Last weekLast week, 8C took their listening tests.
They got married two years ag...
pronunciationpronunciation
The –ed ending in English has:
Some regular verbs end
with a “tt” sound:
Walked
Laughed
Washed
Talked
jumped
Some regular verbs end
with a “dd” sound:
planned
played
learned
answered
loved
Other regular verbs end
with an “idid” sound:
These verbs have an extra syllable/stavelse:
Simple FormSimple Form Past Ten...
There are rules that tell
us how to pronounce the
–ed.
However,
It’s a good idea for students to make
a list of which –ed–...
Student
Practice:
Go to this website to practice what
you have learned today:
http://www.quia.com/quiz/66441
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English klass 8 past tense (1)

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English klass 8 past tense (1)

  1. 1. The simple past tense Tunaholmsskolan klass 8 English Grammar  Form (structure)  Meaning & Use  Pronunciation
  2. 2. How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two typestwo types of verbs in the past tense:  taught  walked  studied  gave  became  cried  lived  did Look at the following list of past tense verbs… which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?  Regular verbs  Irregular verbs
  3. 3. RegularRegular verbs are verbs that …. Simple Form Past Tense Walk Study Cry Live …end with – eded
  4. 4. IrregularIrregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with –eded some irregular verbs Have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive drove forget forgot
  5. 5. other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: SimpleSimple PastPast teach taughttaught bring broughtbrought Leave leftleft Hear heardheard Buy boughtbought
  6. 6. And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . SimpleSimple PastPast hit hit put put set set The children set the table every Sunday. The children set the table last night.
  7. 7. For regularregular verbs, simply use the –ed–ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.
  8. 8. For irregularirregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. Last week, I ___________ you a letter. The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!
  9. 9. For negative sentences,USEFor negative sentences,USE I went to work yesterday. Carl didn’t godidn’t go to work because he was sick.
  10. 10. Exception = VERB BE! The verb be is special. Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:
  11. 11. Meaning & Use In what situations do English speakers use the simple past tense?  Completed actions in the past What are some common time expressions used with the past tense?
  12. 12. Examples: I saw Maria yesterdayyesterday. Last weekLast week, 8C took their listening tests. They got married two years agotwo years ago.
  13. 13. pronunciationpronunciation The –ed ending in English has:
  14. 14. Some regular verbs end with a “tt” sound: Walked Laughed Washed Talked jumped
  15. 15. Some regular verbs end with a “dd” sound: planned played learned answered loved
  16. 16. Other regular verbs end with an “idid” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable/stavelse: Simple FormSimple Form Past TensePast Tense
  17. 17. There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed. However, It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed–ed verbs have a t sound, which have a d sound, and which have an id sound. And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.
  18. 18. Student Practice: Go to this website to practice what you have learned today: http://www.quia.com/quiz/66441
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