English klass 8 past tense (1)

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  • 1. The simple past tense Tunaholmsskolan klass 8 English Grammar  Form (structure)  Meaning & Use  Pronunciation
  • 2. How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two typestwo types of verbs in the past tense:  taught  walked  studied  gave  became  cried  lived  did Look at the following list of past tense verbs… which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?  Regular verbs  Irregular verbs
  • 3. RegularRegular verbs are verbs that …. Simple Form Past Tense Walk Study Cry Live …end with – eded
  • 4. IrregularIrregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with –eded some irregular verbs Have a vowel change in the past tense: Simple Form Past Tense become became give gave drive drove forget forgot
  • 5. other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: SimpleSimple PastPast teach taughttaught bring broughtbrought Leave leftleft Hear heardheard Buy boughtbought
  • 6. And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . SimpleSimple PastPast hit hit put put set set The children set the table every Sunday. The children set the table last night.
  • 7. For regularregular verbs, simply use the –ed–ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.
  • 8. For irregularirregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. Last week, I ___________ you a letter. The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!
  • 9. For negative sentences,USEFor negative sentences,USE I went to work yesterday. Carl didn’t godidn’t go to work because he was sick.
  • 10. Exception = VERB BE! The verb be is special. Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:
  • 11. Meaning & Use In what situations do English speakers use the simple past tense?  Completed actions in the past What are some common time expressions used with the past tense?
  • 12. Examples: I saw Maria yesterdayyesterday. Last weekLast week, 8C took their listening tests. They got married two years agotwo years ago.
  • 13. pronunciationpronunciation The –ed ending in English has:
  • 14. Some regular verbs end with a “tt” sound: Walked Laughed Washed Talked jumped
  • 15. Some regular verbs end with a “dd” sound: planned played learned answered loved
  • 16. Other regular verbs end with an “idid” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable/stavelse: Simple FormSimple Form Past TensePast Tense
  • 17. There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed. However, It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed–ed verbs have a t sound, which have a d sound, and which have an id sound. And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.
  • 18. Student Practice: Go to this website to practice what you have learned today: http://www.quia.com/quiz/66441