Finding and managing process engineering information

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Finding and managing process engineering information

  1. 1. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding and managing process engineering information Photos: R. Jupitz
  2. 2. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Information challenges for academic research • How to be more sure not to miss something essential? – Systematically searching for information – Using subject-specific databases • How to get full texts? – Availability in TUHH intranet via search engines – The library catalog as search engine • How to cope with information overload? – Using reference managent software like Citavi Curiosity! Doubt! Graphics: D. Bieler
  3. 3. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke • Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (6. ed., 2002, 40 Bände) Online im TUHH-Intranet (2016 ed.)! • Comprehensive biotechnology (6 Vol., 2. ed., 2011) Online in TUHH Intranet! • Comprehensive Renewable Energy (2013, 8 vols) Online im TUHH-Intranet! • Encyclopedia of industrial biotechnology, bioprocess, bioseparation, and cell technology (2010, 7 Bände) • Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology (5. ed., 2004-2007) • Encyclopedia of ethical, legal, and policy issues in biotechnology (2000) Using encyclopedias and reference works for orientation!
  4. 4. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Orientation: Subject information Process engineering @TUBHH http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/subject-information/process-and-chemical-engineering/
  5. 5. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Subject gateways U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov http://www.econbiz.de A printed source: Using the engineering literature / Bonnie A. Osif. 2. ed. 2012. Shelf number for reference copy: TEA-804 http://www.tib.uni-hannover.de/en.html https://getinfo.de/app?&lang=en
  6. 6. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Informing – Points to survive 1. Orientation before searching. 2. Don‘t trust only one information source. How to be more sure not to miss something essential?
  7. 7. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Beyond Google! FindING @ TUHH-Bibliothek First orientation Catalog Actual research information Specials Reference databases for journal articles: TEMA, Web of Science Civil engineering: RSWB, TEMA Electrical engeineering: Inspec, TEMA, (IEEE) Mechanical engineering: TEMA, Web of Science Process engineering: Web of Science, TEMA Business sciences: TEMA, Business Source Premier, WISO Library website: http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/ Subject groups in reading room Encyclopedias and other reference works Media - digital (TUHH intranet!) or printed (reading rooms, closed stacks) https://katalog.tub.tu-harburg.de/?mylang=en German DIN standards online! Patents: Esp@cenet, DEPATISnet Interlibrary loan and document delivery
  8. 8. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Dimensions of finding How? Adopted from: Sheila Corrall, John Dove: Web scale discovery and information literacy: competing visions or mutual support? LILAC 2012, Glasgow. http://de.slideshare.net/infolit_group/corrall-dove) Approved scholarly content What? Open web content Single search box Advanced search options Google Scholar Where? Local availability! Specialized databases with costs: Web of Science, Inspec, wti
  9. 9. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke The TUHH Library Closed Stacks Readings rooms • Reference works and Encyclopedias • Journals • Subject groups • Textbook collection Digital Library • Online-Books • E-Journals • Databases Picture: D. Bieler The catalog – the heart of the library! Access to complete holdings!
  10. 10. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke TUBfind The library catalog as search engine
  11. 11. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke TUBfind – simply more! • Search engine to find TUHH library holdings and more • Including also journal articles • Also for searching within library website and library weblog • In addition finding resources of the GBV Common Library Network – to order via interlibrary loan • Search philosophy: Best hits, relevance ranking • Sorting according descending date possible • Filtering according format, language, author
  12. 12. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding books, also online books!
  13. 13. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding journal articles!
  14. 14. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding most recent journal articles!
  15. 15. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Looking for books http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/kvk.html GVK - GBV Union Catalogue http://gso.gbv.de/DB=2.1/LNG=EN/ http://www.worldcat.org/ Local library catalog, e.g. from the TUHH library https://katalog.tub.tuhh.de/?mylang=en Regional Catalogue of Hamburg http://gso.gbv.de/DB=2.91/LNG=EN/ http://books.google.com http://beluga.hamburg
  16. 16. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Finding journal articles via subject-specific databases Web of Science with Science Citation Index - interdisciplinary! Who cited a specific document? How much is a document cited? TEMA (Technology and Management), wti Frankfurt, formerly Fachinformationszentrum (FIZ) Technik (Access to these reference databases only within TUHH intranet) PubMed
  17. 17. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Differences Seach engines Subject databases • Interdisciplinary sources • Widely intuitively to use • Full text often searchable • Rarely intellectual indexing • Abbrevating of search terms automatically („stemming“) • Search philosophy: Best hits, relevance ranking • Good for subject-specific searching • Sophisticated stragegies for searching possible • Full text not included in search index • Partially intellectual indexing with descriptors or integrated thesaurus • Abbreviating search terms with wildcard symbol (often *) • Search philosophy: Exact hits, Boolean combination of search terms Use diverse databases and search engines!
  18. 18. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Database of databases: Subject overview www.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/dbinfo/ http://tinyurl.com/DBIS-TUHH (German interface only)
  19. 19. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Articles’ databases: Diversity and outcome Database GVK-Plus (GBV Common Library Network ) PubMed, TEMA (wti), Web of Science Publishers‘ portals: Wiley, SpringerLink, ScienceDirect Google Scholar, BASE (Bielefeld Acad. Search Engine) Content articles, books, and more Articles, (conference papers) articles, books, book chapters articles, books, files, and more Searchable content bibliographical description bibliographical description, abstracts bibliographical description, abstracts, full text full text Content from printed and electronic holdings of libraries diverse publishers only publisher, here e.g. Springer who knows? 8-) Access to full text directly, through library in print or ordering via interlibary loan through other databases, link resolver or interlibrary loan directly, in case access is part of subscription directly, access maybe restricted
  20. 20. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke About 60 % of the information in patents is not published elsewhere. DEPATISnet - the German patent information system at http://depatisnet.dpma.de esp@cenet – European Patent Office http://worldwide.espacenet.com/ US patents via the US Patent and Trademark Office http://patft.uspto.gov/ https://www.tub.tuhh.de/en/find/patents/ Patents for talents!
  21. 21. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Searching for substance properties’ data  In reference works (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Aldrich Handbook)  In extensive substance property collections („Handbooks“) (Landolt-Börnstein Numerical data and functional relationships in science and technology, Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry, Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry)  Via the net (e.g. NIST Chemistry WebBook at http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/ or the Physical Properties Sources Index (PPSI) at http://www.eqi.ethz.ch/en/ - also: Reaxys, SciFinder, both not @TUHamburg) More: https://www.tub.tuhh.de/en/find/substance-property-data/
  22. 22. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Specials: Searching for substance properties’ data Data on harzardous substances with safety instructions and data sheets containing operational guidelines and hints to laws (e.g. EU) as well as to compulsory and advisory critical levels in the area of hazardous materials! http://tinyurl.com/merkblaetter
  23. 23. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Informing – Points to survive 1. Orientation before searching. 2. Don‘t trust only one information source. 3. In case you are asked for your login or for your credit card, remember the library … How to get full text?
  24. 24. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? Sparrow, B.; Liu, J.; Wegner, D. M. (2011): Google Effects on Memory: Cognitive Consequences of Having Information at Our Fingertip. Science 333, 6043, 776- 778 2011. Access: Online in Internet as author copy How to get the full text in case the author would not have put the article online?
  25. 25. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? R. Ladenstein, G. Antranikian: Proteins from hyperthermophiles: Stability and enzymatic catalysis close to the boiling point of water. Biotechnology of Extremophiles. 1998, pp. 37 - 85. Access: Printed in a book located in the TUHH reading rooms How found?
  26. 26. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? Early Modern Information Overload, Daniel Rosenberg, Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (2003) 1, pp. 1-9 10.1353/jhi.2003.0017 Access: Full text from TUHH only available via interlibrary loan! How to do interlibrary loan? What does the character string at the end of the citation mean?
  27. 27. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to get the full text of this article? Access not possible via publisher‘s website within TUHH intranet. Catalog links to fulltext via GetInfo at TIB Hannover! Crossover behavior in a communication network. By: Singh, BK; Gupte, N. PHYSICAL REVIEW E. Volume: 68 Issue: 6 Article Number: 066121 Published: DEC 2003
  28. 28. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke „On the shoulders of“ Google Scholar Ca. 1410 Quelle: http://lccn.loc.gov/50041709
  29. 29. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com Finding full texts
  30. 30. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Via linking service to the catalog!
  31. 31. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke From Google Scholar to the printed book! Classical interface of the catalog!
  32. 32. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke A further example Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com
  33. 33. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Request for interlibrary loan!
  34. 34. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Ordering interlibrary loan via GBV database
  35. 35. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Request for copy! Ordering!
  36. 36. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Interlibrary loan via library union network Interlibrary loan for material not owned by the TUHH library! Use the databases of the GBV Common Library Network to locate material! Fee 1,50 € for one article (copy) or book.
  37. 37. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Request details already filled!
  38. 38. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Function of Link Resolvers Cited source Link Resolver Source of full text Knowledge base with local holdings data Catalog data, maintenance through library Meta data (in OpenURL) URL of source, e.g. DOI (in OpenURL) Search in catalog, interlibrary loan database Meta data (in OpenURL)
  39. 39. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Informing – Points to survive 1. Orientation before searching. 2. Don‘t trust only one information source. 3. In case you are asked for your login or for your credit card, remember the library … 4. When searching: „Bulls*** in, bulls*** out.“ Think about search terms you use and their variations and synonyms. Poorly chosen search terms bring poor search results. Too general key words lead to too many hits from which often only a fraction is useful; when using too specific key words, important information might not be found.
  40. 40. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Play! With search terms! Make a search term diagram! Topic: Microbial degradation of aromatic compounds in soil Component 1 Component 2 Component 3 Microbi* degrad* aromat* soil* Biodegrad* Polyaromat* Clay* Bioremed* Benzene compost* Microbi* decompos* PAH sediment* Mikrobiol* abbau* Naphthalin Boden* Böden Component 1 AND Component 2 AND Component 3 where e.g. Component 1 = (“microbi* degrad*”) OR biodegrad* OR bioremed* OR...
  41. 41. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Play! With search terms! Make a search term diagram: Topic: Recycling of plastics by biotechnological methods Component 1 Component 2 Component 3 Recycl* Plasti* biotech* reuse polymer* Biodegrad* Wiederverw* Kunststoff* Microbi* Verwert* PVC Component 1 AND Component 2 AND Component 3 where e.g. Component 2 = (plasti* OR polymer* OR kunststoff* OR...
  42. 42. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Playing with search terms in Web of Science www.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/dbinfo/
  43. 43. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Play! With databases! Explore database features: • Boolean logic • Wildcard symbols: * ? $ • “Neighborhood operators”: Context and phrases • Search fields: Basic index, author field, descriptor or thesaurus fields
  44. 44. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Informing – Points to survive 1. Orientation before searching. 2. Don‘t trust only one information source. 3. In case you are asked for your login or for your credit card, remember the library … 4. When searching: „Bulls*** in, bulls*** out.“ 5. When finding information - think already of its further processing, respectively later publication of your research results. How to cope with information overload?
  45. 45. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Reference management is no art! Matej Krén, Idiom, Town Library Prague (1998), Photo 2009 Today not searching or finding is the main problem, but coping with information overload!
  46. 46. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Software for reference management http://www.tub.tuhh.de/en/publishing/reference-management/
  47. 47. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Possible functionalities in Citavi Step-by-Step Overview http://ftp.citavi.com/service/en/docs/Ci tavi_5_Slideshows.pdf Numbers can be used for short links to step-by-step guides in the manual, e.g. www.citavi.com/shows/10
  48. 48. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Reference management on the web with Zotero
  49. 49. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Bibliographical formats to import TY - JOUR SN - 0926-9630 AU - Jauhiainen, A. AU - Pulkkinen, R. T1 - Problem-based learning JF - Studies in health SP - 572 EP - 576 VL - 146 PY - 2009 KW - Education KW - Nursing ER - RIS %0 Journal Article %@ 0926-9630 %A Jauhiainen, A. %A Pulkkinen, R. %T Problem-based learning %J Studies in health %P 572-576 %V 146 %D 2009 %K Education %K Nursing EndNote Tagged @article{Jauhiainen_Pulkkinen: 2009, author = {Jauhiainen, A. and Pulkkinen, R.}, year = {2009}, title = {Problem-based learning and e-learning methods in clinical practice}, keywords = {Education; Nursing}, pages = {572--576}, volume = {146}, issn = {0926-9630}, journal = {Studies in health} } BibTeX PMID- 19592907 PT - Journal Article IS - 0926-9630 (Print) AU - Jauhiainen A AU - Pulkkinen R TI - Problem-based learning JT - Studies in health PG - 572-6 VI - 146 DP - 2009 MH - Education MH - Nursing No Standard
  50. 50. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Types of Citation Styles 50 References as in-text citations Author / Date (Doe, Smith 2009: 14) Reference number [34] Citation Key [DoS09:14] References as footnotes Author / Date Doe, Smith 2009: 14 Full citation Jane Doe, Mia Smith: E-Learning. London 2009, p. 14 Full citation in footnotes sometimes called „Oxford System“. Known style = Chicago-Manual of Style Author-Year-System also called „Harvard System“. Known style = APA-Style.
  51. 51. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Combining Citavi or Zotero with Word or Writer
  52. 52. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke How to reduce uncertainty to miss important information? • Using different databases. • Using subject-specific databases. • Reflecting on appropriate search terms. • Knowing how to logically combine search terms within a specific database interface. • Keeping treck of results through effective reference management. • … A first summary
  53. 53. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Basic rules for citing 1) Used sources have to be quoted. 2) Position of references has to be without any doubt. 3) Cited sources have to be traceable because of bibliographical description. 4) Consult the original document of your sources! Don‘t use a citation from a paper without looking at the original document of the citation. Avoid secondary citations! According: Theuerkauf, Judith: Schreiben im Ingenieurstudium : Effektiv und effizient zur Bachelor-, Master- und Doktorarbeit. Paderborn : Schöningh, 2012, pp. 86-99. Biedermann, Wieland et al: Forschungsmethodik in den Ingenieurwissenschaften : Skript vom Lehrstuhl für Produktentwicklung, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Udo Lindemann, Technische Universität München (TUM), 2012, p. 63.
  54. 54. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Avoid secondary citations! An example A conference paper cited a lot Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2.
  55. 55. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Also actually cited a lot! Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow. …
  56. 56. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Locating paper via interlibrary loan! Searching the catalog of the GBV Common Library Network (https://www.gbv.de/?set_language=en): Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2.
  57. 57. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Accessible at TIB/UB Hannover! Searching the catalog of the GBV Common Library Network: Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2.
  58. 58. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Getting the paper via interlibrary loan! Accessible is only the abstract! Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2. And now?
  59. 59. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Searching the paper in an engineering database! Database: TEMA Technology and Management from wti-Frankfurt Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2.
  60. 60. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Complete paper appeared in a journal! Result in TEMA: Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2.
  61. 61. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Journal in print available at TUHH library! Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2.
  62. 62. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Searching for paper in database Web of Science! Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow, European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Ispra, Italy, June, Paper E2.
  63. 63. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Versions of citing Friedel‘s paper Searching the database „Web of Science“! The correct citation: Friedel, L. (1979). Improved Friction Pressure Drop Correlations for Horizontal and Vertical Two-Phase Pipe Flow. In: 3 R-International, 18, 7, 485-491. „Mixtures“ 8-)
  64. 64. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Informing – Points to survive 1. Orientation before searching. 2. Don‘t trust only one information source. 3. In case you are asked for your login or for your credit card, remember the library … 4. When searching: „Bulls*** in, bulls*** out.“ 5. When finding information - think already of its further processing respectively later publication of your research results. 6. Keeping current … 7. Reflect on information and on your own information behavior https://www.tub.tuhh.de/en/find/subject-information/informing-points-to-survive/
  65. 65. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Info-Tips
  66. 66. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Thinking about information! How to cite? What can I copy? Thinking about intellectual property! What is not included in Google? Danger of monopoly of information access? Costs of scholarly journals?
  67. 67. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Nature Special on the future of publishing http://www.nature.com/news/specials/scipublishing/ Open Access Data curation Quality of Open Access publishers Alternatives to Peer Review: “Altmetrics” Impact-Factor and Hirsch- Index Creative Commens-Licences
  68. 68. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Again a tip: Thinking anew about science! New Open Access publication: http://www.openingscience.org/get-the-book/
  69. 69. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke At the end something general Some general hints and key competences when managing information ‣ Be prepared for constant change. ‣ Know your skills and limits! ‣ Tolerate ambiguity and differences. ‣ Don‘t give up too early. ‣ Be aware that every fact is the result of an act, that information has been created by somebody with a certain purpose. According: T. Hapke: Informationskompetenz in einer neuen Informationskultur. In: Handbuch Informationskompetenz, S. 36-48. Ed. W. Sühl-Strohmenger. Berlin: De Gruyter Saur, 2012.
  70. 70. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Want to know a little bit more?! Appendix I. The world of biotechnology information: seven points for reflecting on your information behavior (by T. Hapke) In: Buchholz, K., Kasche, V., Bornscheuer, U.T.: Biocatalysts and Enzyme Technology. 2. ed. Wiley-VCH, 2012, S. 553-564. Preprint available at: http://www.chemie.uni- greifswald.de/~biotech/assets/downloads/Infor mation_BuchholzKascheBornscheuer.pdf
  71. 71. February 2016 University Library, Thomas Hapke Kontakt Thomas Hapke • Web: http://www.tuhh.de/b/hapke/ • Blog: http://blog.hapke.de • Slidespace: http://www.slideshare.net/thapke • Tweets: http://twitter.com/thapke Library Webpage for Project Design Course (Process Engineering) 2016 at http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/subject-information/process-and-chemical- engineering/process-design-course/ Informing – Points to survive at http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/subject-information/informing-points-to- survive/

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