Age of exploration


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Age of exploration

  1. 1. Age of Exploration 7-1.1 TSWBAT Use a map or series of maps to identify the colonial expansion of European powers in Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas through 1770. (G, H, P)
  2. 2. PLACES TO KNOW <ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Oceania </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>North America </li></ul><ul><li>South America </li></ul><ul><li>Western Africa </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Age of Exploration – Early 15 th to 17 th century when European sailors explored many parts of the world, especially North America. Explorers were in search for gold, silver and spices </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Global Age – </li></ul><ul><li>a time when all civilizations can be in contact with the others around the world. Beginning around 1400. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>explorers </li></ul><ul><li>- a person who travels in search of geographical or scientific information </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Compass – </li></ul><ul><li>a device for determining directions by means of a magnetic needle or group of needles turning freely on a pivot and pointing to the magnetic north. </li></ul>
  7. 7. missionaries - a person undertaking a mission and especially a religious mission
  8. 8. Astrolabe - a compact instrument used to observe and calculate the position of celestial bodies before the invention of the sextant
  9. 9. <ul><li>sea route - route taken by sea by explorers </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>trade - dealings between persons or groups b (1) : the business of buying and selling or bartering commodities </li></ul>trade route - route taken to trade with other countries
  11. 11. <ul><li>Cargo – </li></ul><ul><li>the goods or merchandise conveyed in a ship, airplane, or vehicles. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Circumnavigate <ul><li>To circumnavigate a place, such as an island, a continent, or the Earth , is to travel all the way around it by boat or ship. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Armada <ul><li>a word of Spanish origin similar to navy or fleet </li></ul><ul><li>Remember the Spanish Armada of 1588? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conquistador <ul><li>one of the Spanish soldiers, explorers , and adventurers who took part in the conquest of large parts of the Americas and Asia , bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>In the 1400’s Europeans began to sail across the globe. </li></ul>Where is Europe?
  16. 16. Guided Practice <ul><li>We have gone over all the important vocabulary for our unit. You are now to put each word into a sentence or draw a cartoon. If you want to write a sentence for a few and draw a cartoon for a few that is fine also. Have fun! </li></ul>
  17. 19. Why Explore???????? <ul><li>A. Crusades and journeys of Marco Polo exposed Europeans to new technologies, products, and culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Spices=nutmeg, cinnamon, ginger, pepper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Silk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Opium=medicinal and “recreational” use </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. The OTTOMAN EMPIRE <ul><li>Europeans couldn’t travel across land because the OTTOMAN EMPIRE would attack them. </li></ul>
  19. 21. THE PORTUGUESE <ul><li>FIRST to explore the western coast of AFRICA! </li></ul><ul><li>Looked for a route around Africa to ASIA. </li></ul>Lets look for a new way to get to ASIA! We’ll travel the coast around AFRICA!
  20. 22. <ul><li>In the 1400’s _____________ began sailing across the globe. </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans wanted Silks and Spices from _______________. </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans sailed around Africa to avoid ___________________________. </li></ul><ul><li>What country was the first to go around Africa? </li></ul>NOTES POP QUIZ
  21. 23. CAUSE OF EXPLORATION People want products
  22. 24. <ul><li>II. Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans difficult time traveling east </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with Ottomans Empire </li></ul></ul>7-1.1
  23. 25. <ul><li>C. No longer safe to travel </li></ul><ul><li>D. Still wanted products from Asia </li></ul><ul><li>E. Started to look for alternate route </li></ul><ul><li>F. Portuguese </li></ul><ul><li>a. Began to explore west coast of Africa </li></ul>
  24. 26. Two Main Players in Early Exploration <ul><li>P </li></ul><ul><li>O </li></ul><ul><li>R </li></ul><ul><li>T </li></ul><ul><li>U </li></ul><ul><li>G </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>L </li></ul>SPAIN Portugal and Spain
  25. 27. <ul><li>B. Africa to India </li></ul><ul><li>C. This established major trade route </li></ul>
  26. 28. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>Italian man </li></ul><ul><li>Looked WEST for route to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Was given money by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella from SPAIN. </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered land in 1492, but it wasn’t ASIA!!! </li></ul>
  27. 30. <ul><li>d. Dies believing he landed in India </li></ul>
  28. 31. Haiti Dominican Republic Cuba Puerto Rico Jamaica Hispaniola Draw a picture showing Columbus’ trip to the new world and label Europe and the islands below.
  29. 32. Magellan <ul><li>Searched for passage to Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Sailed through “straits of Magellan” </li></ul><ul><li>Died in Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Crew 1 st to circumnavigate the world </li></ul>
  30. 34. <ul><ul><ul><li>e. Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean (the name means that it is a calm, peaceful ocean). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 35. <ul><li>Prince Henry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. Son of Portuguese King </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. Dazzled by dreams of ocean exploration and East Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. Established a navigation school </li></ul></ul>
  32. 37. Ponce de Leon <ul><li>1 st to land on the mainland of North America </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for “fountain of youth” </li></ul><ul><li>Sailed for Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Established St. Augustine, Florida </li></ul>
  33. 38. <ul><li>Vasco de Gama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First to sail around Africa to India (27,000 mi) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtained valuable goods from India </li></ul></ul>
  34. 39. Cape of Good Hope
  35. 40. Coronado <ul><li>Looking for fabled seven cities of gold </li></ul><ul><li>Explored present-day Arizona and New Mexico </li></ul>
  36. 41. HERNANDO CORTES <ul><li>Explored MEXICO </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered Aztec civilization </li></ul>I am a CONQUISTADOR
  37. 42. Hernan Cortes <ul><li>Spanish Conquistador </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered Aztec emperor Montezuma </li></ul><ul><li>Found gold </li></ul><ul><li>claimed Mexico for Spain (1519-21) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;discovered&quot; Tenochtitlan, </li></ul>
  38. 43. Read from Broken Spear.
  39. 44. Balboa <ul><li>Spanish Explorer </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed Pacific Ocean and adjoining lands for Spain </li></ul><ul><li>First to cross the Isthmus of Panama </li></ul>
  40. 45. Pizzaro <ul><li>Conquered the Incan Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Sailed for Spain </li></ul>
  41. 46. Amerigo Vespucci <ul><li>Amerigo Vespucci </li></ul><ul><li>America was named after him </li></ul><ul><li>Recruited by Spain </li></ul>
  42. 47. Atlas Work
  43. 48. September 3 rd , 2010 <ul><li>Collect FQ sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Start on Colonization </li></ul>
  44. 49. NEXT STEP? <ul><li>Set up colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Under control of a country. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by the “mother country” </li></ul><ul><li>Colony provide goods and profit to the “mother country” </li></ul>
  45. 50. Colony <ul><li>A territory under immediate control of a country. </li></ul><ul><li>The territory is ruled by the “mother country” </li></ul><ul><li>The territory must provide goods and profit to the “mother country” </li></ul>
  48. 53. Columbian Exchange <ul><li>describes the enormous exchange of plants, animals, foods, human populations (including slaves ), diseases , and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres that occurred after 1492. </li></ul>
  49. 56. Triangular Trade
  50. 57. Middle Passage <ul><li>the forced transportation of African people from Africa to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>the middle portion of the triangular trade voyage. </li></ul>
  51. 58. Plantation <ul><li>a large estate where cotton , tobacco , coffee , sugar cane , or trees are cultivated </li></ul>
  52. 59. 9/8/2010 Exploration Timeline DUE TODAY!!
  53. 60. Christianity Spreads
  54. 61. The Three G's God Gold GLORY
  55. 62. Technological and Scientific Advances made it easier to explore
  56. 63. <ul><li>A BOAT WITH SQUARE SAILS TO TRAVEL LONGER DISTANCES. </li></ul>Caravel
  57. 64. Use the word CARAVEL in a sentence.
  58. 65. <ul><li>New and ACCURATE maps helped explorers find their way. </li></ul>MAPS
  59. 66. GUNPOWDER <ul><li>Explorers used gunpowder to protect themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>They also had to hunt for food. </li></ul>
  60. 67. What did explorers protect themselves against?
  61. 68. What do all these things have in common? They make it easier to explore And live as a colonist!
  62. 69. Major Developments of Colonial Expansion
  63. 70. 1. Political Developments <ul><li>New forms of GOVERNMENT in colonial areas. </li></ul>
  64. 71. In your own words, describe the term POLITICAL and use an example.
  65. 72. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTS <ul><li>PEOPLE & RELIGION </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity Spreads to new lands </li></ul><ul><li>Population grew in America </li></ul>
  66. 73. Describe a specific social development.
  67. 74. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS <ul><li>MONEY </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Routes shifts from Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism and Mercantilism are used to promote trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased IMPORTS </li></ul>
  68. 75. MERCANTILISM <ul><li>The belief that the wealth of a nation is based on its supply of GOLD and SILVER . </li></ul>
  69. 76. <ul><li>Mercantilism </li></ul><ul><li>theory of trade </li></ul><ul><li>fixed amount of gold </li></ul><ul><li>export more than it imports </li></ul><ul><li>accumulate bullion (gold) </li></ul>
  70. 77. Mercantilism <ul><li>There is a fixed amount of wealth in the world and that in order to receive a larger share, one country has to take some wealth away from another country. </li></ul><ul><li>I smell competition! </li></ul>
  71. 78. What role did mercantilism play with the colonies? <ul><li>European powers aimed to colonize overseas lands that were rich in gold, silver, and raw materials that could not be produced at home. </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful nation sought to buy raw materials from it’s own colonies. </li></ul>
  72. 79. <ul><li>Mercantilism was a major factor in which of the following? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signing military alliances for mutual protection. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing monarchies in Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating colonial empires. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generating new constitutions for developing countries. </li></ul></ul>
  73. 80. What does this picture mean?
  74. 81. <ul><li>One of the main reasons why European nations colonized new areas was because they believed in mercantilism .   This system was based on the idea that a nation made money by exporting more goods than it imported .  European nations did whatever they could to secure that. </li></ul>
  75. 82. CAPITALISM <ul><li>Private ownership of a business. The goal is to make PROFIT ! </li></ul>
  76. 83. Capitalism <ul><li>Production for a profit! </li></ul>
  77. 84. <ul><li>Powerful nations like Britain, France, and Spain realized that they could increase their exports and revenue by colonizing new areas.  The colonized nations were forced to import the goods of the Mother Country, and the colonists were heavily taxed.  </li></ul>
  78. 85. <ul><li>This system had positive and negative outcomes.  Divide into two groups. One group consider the advantages of colonialism, and the other should consider its disadvantages .  Each group should write down three legitimate points.  </li></ul><ul><li>For example: Colonists can be taxed, thus providing new revenue. </li></ul>
  79. 86. Political and Economic Power in the American Colonies <ul><li>7-1.3 Be able to explain political and economic influence in the Americas during the colonial period. </li></ul><ul><li>Words to Know </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trading Post Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plantation Colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlement Colonies </li></ul></ul>
  80. 87. Spain, France, Portugal, & Great Britain All set up colonies in A m e r i c a
  81. 88. But what were the colonists looking for??? <ul><li>GOD, GOLD, GLORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious Freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul></ul>
  82. 89. What were the mother countries looking for? <ul><li>Wanted colonies to give them </li></ul><ul><li>gold , silver, furs , and cash crops ! </li></ul>
  83. 90. September 9, 2010 <ul><li>FQ: What are the three types of colonies? Explain each. </li></ul>
  84. 91. September 9 th , 2010 <ul><li>Get ready to finish up notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Review quiz! </li></ul>
  85. 92. Types of Colonies <ul><li>Trading Post Colony </li></ul><ul><li>Plantation Colony </li></ul><ul><li>Settler Colony </li></ul>
  86. 93. Trading Post Colony
  87. 94. Trading Post Colony <ul><li>Trade Items along an established trade route. </li></ul><ul><li>The FRENCH established these in Canada to trade with the Native Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>The FRENCH were KIND to the Native Americans . </li></ul>
  88. 95. Plantation Colony <ul><li>Large areas of land used to grow CASH CROPS </li></ul><ul><li>BRITISH colonists in the south grew cotton and tobacco. </li></ul>
  89. 96. Middleton Plantation
  90. 97. Settlement Colony
  91. 98. SETTLEMENT COLONY <ul><li>Settlers build a town, but are linked to their mother country. </li></ul><ul><li>BRITISH COLONIES </li></ul>
  92. 99. <ul><li>Advantages of Colonization </li></ul><ul><li>1. New colonies provide land and raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>2. New colonies are a market to sell finished products to. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Colonists can be taxed, thus providing new revenue. </li></ul>
  93. 100. <ul><li>Disadvantages of Colonization </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Forcing trade upon colonies interferes with a free market. </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Mercantilism only exploits the resources of the new colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>3.  Colonization creates tension towards the Mother Country. </li></ul>
  94. 101. Quick Quiz <ul><li>List three new technological developments that helped Europeans travel across the globe. </li></ul><ul><li>What social changes took place due to colonial expansion. </li></ul><ul><li>If you were a colonist, what colonial development would you choose? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>What was the exchange of goods from the New World to the Old World called? </li></ul>
  95. 102. 7-1.4 <ul><li>Be able to describe the characteristics of European colonial power and explain its effects on the society and culture of African nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Words to know </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triangular trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Passage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West Africa </li></ul></ul>
  96. 103. SLAVERY <ul><li>IMPORTANT FACT #1 </li></ul><ul><li>PORTUGAL was the first European nation to have settlements in West Africa. </li></ul>Find Portugal on your map in your notebook…label it!
  97. 104. At first the Portuguese were trading spices, ivory and gold.
  98. 105. The Portuguese traded spices, gold, and ivory, but that eventually led to trading slaves. Tribal leaders actually captured their enemies and sold them to the Portuguese to trade.
  99. 106. Spain was the first country to trade slaves to America. The slaves were considered property . They worked on the plantations. People preferred Africans over Native Americans because Africans were less likely to get sick from disease .
  100. 107. The first slaves were sent to work on sugar plantations in South America.
  101. 108. Middle Passage <ul><li>The route slaves took from Africa to America. </li></ul>
  102. 111. Triangular Trade <ul><li>Trade routes between </li></ul><ul><li>Europe, Africa, and America. </li></ul>
  103. 112. 7-1.4 Be able to describe the characteristics of European colonial power and explain its effects on the society and culture of Asian nations.
  104. 113. Aftermath of Slave Trade <ul><li>15 million Africans were enslaved. </li></ul><ul><li>Taken to the Americas </li></ul>
  105. 114. Effect on African society? <ul><li>Left few African males in Africa. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How would this effect African society? </li></ul></ul>
  106. 115. Slavery in America was outlawed in the late 1700’s. People still has slaves. The Civil War ended Slavery in the south.
  107. 116. September 10, 2010 <ul><li>FQ: How is African society affected by slavery? </li></ul>
  108. 117. ESSAY <ul><li>You will write an essay about the three developments that took place during colonization. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to create a mind map or graphic organizer. (MUST BE TURNED IN) </li></ul><ul><li>You will have 5 paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paragraph about development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paragraph about development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paragraph about development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Begin writing your essay. </li></ul>
  109. 118. ASIA <ul><li>The Portuguese set up trading posts in ASIA. </li></ul>
  110. 119. The Spice Islands <ul><li>Asia has strong leaders, so Europeans focused on the Spice Islands </li></ul><ul><li>The ENGLISH and DUTCH set up colonies on these islands. </li></ul>Can you find these countries on the Map???
  111. 120. Because the Spice Islands had valuable products, the British and Dutch took over!!!
  112. 121. Changes in Religion <ul><li>Islam and Christianity became popular in Asia instead of Buddhism. This made many leaders unhappy. </li></ul>
  113. 122. September 13 th , 2010 <ul><li>FQ: How did colonial expansion affect our government today? Explain </li></ul>
  114. 123. REVIEW TIME! <ul><li>Let’s work on our test taking skills. </li></ul>
  115. 124. $ ECONOMIC $ EXPANSION $ <ul><li>Be able to define capitalism, mercantilism, and market economy and to describe the spread of these. </li></ul><ul><li>Words To Know </li></ul><ul><li>*Entrepreneur *Market Economy </li></ul><ul><li>*Capitalism *Supply </li></ul><ul><li>*Mercantilism *Demand </li></ul>
  116. 125. Entrepreneur <ul><li>People who start their own business. </li></ul>
  117. 126. Law of Supply and Demand <ul><li>You show demand when you buy a product. </li></ul><ul><li>Supply will increase if there is demand. </li></ul>
  118. 127. Middle Class <ul><li>Many people made money because of capitalism. They moved from the poor class to middle class. </li></ul>
  119. 128. Constitution Day <ul><li>Tomorrow during class we will make out own constitution. We will look at the Constitution of the US and other countries. </li></ul>
  120. 129. We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America . Preamble(Introductory Statement)
  121. 130. <ul><li>1 Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Right to keep and bear arms in order to maintain a well regulated militia. </li></ul><ul><li>3 No quartering of soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. </li></ul><ul><li>5 Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy. </li></ul>Bill of Rights
  122. 131. <ul><li>6 Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial. </li></ul><ul><li>7 Right of trial by jury in civil cases. </li></ul><ul><li>8 Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments. </li></ul><ul><li>9 Other rights of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>10 Powers reserved to the states. </li></ul>