الدروس الاول - مبادي الادارة
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

الدروس الاول - مبادي الادارة

on

  • 1,397 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,397
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
1,397
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
27
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    الدروس الاول - مبادي الادارة الدروس الاول - مبادي الادارة Document Transcript

    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١
    •  W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،   ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬     K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬   ?  ‫א‬ ?  ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     W    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬١
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ K١ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K٪٩٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫ א‬K١ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K K٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤  KW‫א‬‫א‬ -١-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬  K?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?Ralph Davis ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬jone f.me  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K? ،،،?Henri fayol   K?‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬  K‫א‬ K١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   K -٢-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١٩٤٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؛‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٣-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Max weberW‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ WE١٩٢٥–١٨٤١FHenry Fayal ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬١٩١٦‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬   K١٩٤٩ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬،،،F  KE‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J   K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫ א‬J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٤-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫ א‬J K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ • K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ J  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J K K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J ‫א‬W‫ א‬J  K‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫ א‬J K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W‫א‬ J    K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W K١   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٥-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٧F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E‫א‬F‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EyFExF K٢ J W‫א‬ E‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ExF‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬x ‫א‬EyF‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬W   W K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ K١   Ex٢F‫א‬Ex١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ y =١٠x١H٢٠x٢ Ex٢F،Ex١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  Ex٢FEx١F‫א‬ Y=١٠(١٠٠٠)H٢٠(٢٠٠٠) -٦-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ Management Information system - MIS)W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٧-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣  ‫؟‬Ey FEx F K٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥ ‫؟‬‫א‬  -٨-
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢ -١-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ : ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K٪٩٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ K .٣ .‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤  K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ - ١٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  W ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫ א‬K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ - ١١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ .١ K‫א‬ .٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣    W‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬   K‫א‬ - ١٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ .١ K‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١   K‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K  ‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K١ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ K٤ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  - ١٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ K١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١   K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫ א‬K٥ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،K‫א‬، ‫א‬K‫א‬،  KK‫א‬‫א‬ K،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K  W‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ١٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،، K٣ K‫א‬‫ א‬K٤ K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ K١ K‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤ - ١٥ -
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬٣ -٩-
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ .١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٤ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٥ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٦ .%٩٠ W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ . W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K .٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫٤. א‬ .‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ - ١٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬،K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ١٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬W ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KE١٩٦٦‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K  K‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K K K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K - ١٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬Estieglit٢F‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٪٦٥ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ١٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  KE‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K٩    ‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠ K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١  ‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٢٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫ א‬K٤ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥   ‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٧ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٨   K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬  - ٢١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬W F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ .١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٢. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٣. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫٤. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫٥. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ .٦ K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫٧. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ - ٢٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬،‫א‬،‫ א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫ א‬K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥J ٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬ ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٢٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١   K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬K  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬WK‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١ W‫א‬‫א‬  strategic planning W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٢٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  tactical planning ‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  operational planning ‫א‬‫ א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E،،F  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫ـ أهﺪاف ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫اﻹدارة اﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻲ‬ . ‫ـ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎت‬ ‫ـ اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎت‬ ‫ـ أهﺪاف ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻹدارة اﻟﻮﺳﻄﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ اﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ـ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺎت‬ ‫ـ ﺑﺮاﻣﺞ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ـ إﺟﺮاءات‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ اﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻠﻲ‬ ( ‫اﻹدارة اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﺔ ) اﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ‬ . ‫ـ ﺟﺪاول ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٢٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬ K١ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥ ،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؟‬‫א‬ K٦  E‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬، - ٢٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬   ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﻷهﺪاف‬   ‫وﺿﻊ اﻟﻔﺮوض اﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻄﻴﺔ‬   ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﺒﺪاﺋﻞ‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﺪاﺋﻞ‬   ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ اﻷﻓﻀﻞ‬   ‫وﺿﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﺔ‬   ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ اﻟﺨﻄﺔ‬    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٢٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K  K‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K W‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K،‫א‬،‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬، ‫א‬،‫א‬   K‫א‬KKKK‫א‬‫،א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ - ٢٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ K٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬ K٥ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٢٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٦ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٣٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫؟‬‫א‬  ‫ א‬K٤  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٨. א‬  E‫א‬F‫א‬ ‫א‬١٩٧٥‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢  W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J - ٣١ -
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ : ‫א‬‫ا‬ W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤ .٪٩٠ : ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ . W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K .٣ .‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫٤. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ - ٣٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   J ١ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٣٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٪٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ E١ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ٪٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ E٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ E٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٤  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٣٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Rational model K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ E٥ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ E٦  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫؟‬،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K  ‫؟‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K  K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     - ٣٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬   ‫ واﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬‫ﺟﻤﻊ א‬    ‫א‬   ‫ﻋﻦ اﻟﺒﺪاﺋﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ .١  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢ - ٣٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KK‫א‬KKKKK‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١ ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٣٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K W J ٣ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J ٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٨ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ - ٣٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٩ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K‫א‬ W‫א‬ J ١٠ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ٣٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢ ‫؟‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣  ‫؟‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤ - ٤٠ -
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬٥
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ .١ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤ . ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٥  K٪٩٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٢. א‬  K‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬ .٤ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٥. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  - ٤١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ principles of organizing ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  J W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬ . ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K  W‫א‬W  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ٤٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ .١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K K،،،‫א‬‫א‬‫٣. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٥ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٦  W‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J    K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J    - ٤٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬ J   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J     K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬ J   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ .١  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫٢. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬  - ٤٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬K١ K‫א‬‫א‬ .١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫٢. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤  W‫א‬K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K    K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ .٣ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ .٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ .٥  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬ .٦ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫٧. א‬ - ٤٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ .٨ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬  W‫٩. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ .١٠ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬ .١١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ .١٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  K - ٤٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٣ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ E٤  K‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ E٥ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٦K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   E٧ K‫א‬  KK‫א‬‫א‬ E٨ K‫א‬ E٩   Worganization structure ‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    KE١J ١F  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫ א‬J    K‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٤٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KE١J ٢FK‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫٢. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫٣. א‬   W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٥  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬،‫א‬FW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬E٣–٢F‫א‬KE‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬ - ٤٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬     .٢  ‫ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺴﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟﻐﺰل‬ K١  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬ .٤ W‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٤٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣–٢F‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬E٥–٢F‫א‬K   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ٥٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K‫א‬ K٤  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦  W‫א‬  K‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥–٢F‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥ - ٥١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١  K‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٦–٢F    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٧–٢F‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KE٨J ٢F‫א‬  - ٥٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  canthonity and ResponsipitingW‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬  - ٥٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  Esources of Authority F‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  the formal theory of Authority‫א‬‫א‬ K١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  Acceptance theory of authority ‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬Echister I . Barnard F ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  personal theory of Authority ‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، - ٥٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   Types of Authority‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  Line Authority‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  E٨J ٢F‫א‬  Estaff Authority F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬E٩J ٢F‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KK‫א‬ KE١٠J ٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K  - ٥٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫٣. א‬  ‫א‬  .٤  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ - ٥٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  committee Authority ‫א‬W ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   K ‫א‬KK‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬  Delegating Authority ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ - ٥٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٣. א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬ ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫١. א‬  K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٤  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٥  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٦  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬K٤  K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٥٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  centralization and Decentralization‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ - ٥٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٦ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧    W‫א‬‫א‬W  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣   K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤  K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٥  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٦ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩     Determining Degree of Decentralization‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K١   K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٦٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫ א‬K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K٤ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  K‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦ ‫א‬‫א‬  K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٧  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫ א‬K٨  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫ א‬K٩    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  committees‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٦١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  WK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬  W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٢. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤  K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ K١  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٤  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦  K‫א‬ K٧  K‫א‬‫א‬ K٨  - ٦٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬K K١  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣    ‫؟‬ ‫؟‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥  - ٦٣ -
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬٦ - ٤٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٥   K٪٩٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٢. א‬  K‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬ .٤ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٥. א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬   - ٦٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EKoontz and DennellF   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF   K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٦٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ - ٦٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬   K  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  the leaderships theoriesW‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  trait theory E‫א‬F‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٦٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  Behavior theories ‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬  W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎل اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ‬  ‫ﻣﺠﺎل اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺮءوﺳﻴﻦ‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   - ٦٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  Likert Theory  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫ א‬J   K‫א‬‫ א‬J  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬٩  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٦٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١–١F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫؛‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  E٩J ١F‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E٥J ٥F‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E٩J ٩F‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٩L١ ٩L ٩ ٩ ٨ ٧ ٥L٥ ٦ ٥ ٤ ٣ ١L١ ١L ٩ ٢ ١   ١ ٢ ٣ ٤ ٥ ٦ ٧ ٨ ٩  - ٧٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E،،FZ EF،‫א‬EF،‫א‬EF،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬EF،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬   K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫٣. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٥  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٦  K‫א‬ .٧  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٨. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٧١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫١. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫٢. א‬   K  K‫א‬‫א‬‫٣. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬  K‫א‬‫٥. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫٦. א‬   K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫٧. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٧٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫٨. א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫٩. א‬  K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫٠١. א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫١١. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٧٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫؟‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫؟‬K  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٣   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫؟‬‫א‬ J ٤ ‫؟‬ J ٥ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬،‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٧٤ -
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬٧ - ٦٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬ .٣  K٪٩٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ K .٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬   - ٧٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  Human Motivation‫א‬‫ א‬K١  W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   Defining Motivation ‫א‬W ‫א‬K‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  K‫א‬ E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬  - ٧٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  Motivation Theories ‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Reward & Punishment ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ Maslows Hierarchy of neads ‫א‬ K٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  physiological needs E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  safty needs W‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   social needs ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K - ٧٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   respect –self esteem & self ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬  self actualization ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ اﻟﺬات‬   ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺎت اﺣﺘﺮام وﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ اﻟﺬات‬  ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺎت‬   ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺎت اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬  ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ ﺃﻤﻨﻴﺔ‬  ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ ﻓﺴﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬FK٣   W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ K٢    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٧٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬ K٣ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬K١    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫ א‬K٣   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٧٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١ ‫؟‬‫ א‬K٢ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٣ ‫؟‬‫א‬ K٤  - ٨٠ -
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬٨ - ٧٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ .١  ‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬ .٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤   K٪٩٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   KW‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ K .٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ - ٨١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  J W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J W  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KKE‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K  ‫א‬‫א‬  J W‫א‬ -١ K‫א‬ -١ K -٢ J W‫א‬ -٢ K -١ K -٢  - ٨٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  J W‫א‬‫א‬‫١- א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  J W‫א‬‫٢- א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ - ٨٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J   J W‫א‬‫١- א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  J W‫א‬‫٣- א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ - ٨٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  KKK‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬J W ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬   KW‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ QuantitativeW‫א‬‫ א‬J ١  ‫א‬‫א‬K ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬  K، ‫א‬‫א‬WQuantitative Standards‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬K‫א‬،  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬، K،،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ٨٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ EF‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ - ٨٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  J W‫א‬‫א‬J W J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،١٠‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬،١٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٢H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬،‫א‬  J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    J ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ٨٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ‫א‬ K?‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬   E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  J WE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫١- א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫٢- א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٣- א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫٤- א‬ K‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫٥- א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٨٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٣. א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬ - ٨٩ -
    •  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬٩
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٤  K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ .٥  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٦ K٪٩٠W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫١. א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ .٢ K .٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫٤. א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٩٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬   K W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥ K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٦ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٧ - ٩١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ K١ ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ K٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬K٥ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W K٦ K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Plant Layout  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬ Process Layout ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K  Product Layout ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K - ٩٢ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ MARKETING W‫א‬W W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٩٣ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ١٩٤٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫١. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫٢. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫٣. א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ( product planning ) W‫א‬ .١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ٩٤ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ( Marketing planning ) :‫א‬ .٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ . ‫א‬ ( Marketing channels ) : ‫א‬‫א‬‫٣. א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    K‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬W  W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬? ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ٩٥ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻷﻓﺮاد‬ ‫زﻳﺎدة إﻧﺘﺎﺟﻴﺔ اﻟﻔﺮد‬ ‫اﻹﺣﺘﻔﺎظ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ اﻷآﻔﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ اﻟﻘﺪﻳﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ اﻷداء‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺼﺎدر اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺮواﺗﺐ واﻷﺟﻮر‬ ‫اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎس اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ اﻷداء‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺸﻒ اﻟﻄﺒﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻹﻋﺪاد واﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﻹﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺮﻓﻴﻬﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫آﺘﻴﺒﺎت‬ ‫א‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺮﻗﻴﺎت واﻟﺘﻨﻘﻼت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺰاﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻇﺮوف‬ ‫اﻷﺟﺎزات اﻟﻌﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﺷﺮاف‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺄﻣﻴﻨﺎت‬ ‫واﻟﻤﺮﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻌﺎﺷﺎت‬ - ٩٦ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ -١ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٢ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -١ K‫א‬‫٢- א‬ K‫א‬ -٣ K‫٤- א‬ K‫א‬‫٥- א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،    K‫א‬،‫א‬ - ٩٧ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫١- א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫٢- א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫٣- א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫٤- א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫٥- א‬  K‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫١- א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ -٢ ،‫א‬،،،‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫٣- א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ - ٩٨ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬، W‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬W‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  ،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬K ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ٩٩ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،  K‫א‬ W‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬W W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K،K‫א‬ K،  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  - ١٠٠ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ١٠١ -
    • ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ١٠٢ -
    • ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬K  K١٤١٧،١، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬K  K١٩٩٣،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K١٩٨٥،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K١٤٠٢،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  K١٤١٦،٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬K K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  K١٩٨٣،٢،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  K١٤١٠،١،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬WK  K١٩٨٣،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  K،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  K١٤٠٥،٤٣،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬WK  ‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬K  K١٤٢٠،٢،‫א‬W‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬K  K١٩٩٩،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬ - ١٠٣ -
    • ‫א‬ ١٦١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K،K،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬K،W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬KK،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬  KKK،  KK،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •١٩٩٥L٦٣‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ • K١٧٥–١٣١L  ‫٤. א‬  K٢٠٠١‫א‬٣٦‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  K١٤٢٣‫א‬،٢٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  WL‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K١٣٩٩،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  - ١٠٤ -
    • ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬   ١        ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ٢       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٣        ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٥        ‫א‬‫א‬J  ١٠    ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ١١         ‫א‬‫א‬J  ١٢       ‫א‬J  ١٣        ‫א‬J  ١٤       ‫א‬‫א‬J  ١٦       ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ١٨        ‫א‬J  ١٩       ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٢٠       ‫א‬J  ٢٢       ‫א‬J  ٢٣        ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٢٥     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٢٦       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٣٢      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ٣٤      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٣٦       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٣٧     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٤١       ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ٤٣        ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٤٤        ‫א‬‫א‬J
    • ‫א‬١٦١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ٤٤       ‫א‬J  ٤٧       ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٤٧       ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٥٢       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٥٤        ‫א‬J  ٥٥       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٥٩        ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٦٤        ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ٦٦        ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٦٧         ‫א‬J  ٦٨        ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٧٥       ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ٧٧         ‫א‬J  ٧٧        ‫א‬J  ٧٨         J  ٨١       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ٨٢         ‫א‬J  ٨٢         ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٨٥         ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٨٨      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  ٩٠       ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ٩١         ‫א‬J  ٩٣         ‫א‬J  ٩٥         ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٩٨         ‫א‬‫א‬J  ٩٩         ‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠٣           K ‫א‬‫א‬
    •                    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS