11• Rafi ud-Daulat (1719-1719)12• Nikusiyar (1719-1743)13• Mohammed Ibrahim (1720-1744)14• Mohammed Shah (1719-1720,1720-1748)15• Ahmad Shah Bahadur (1748-1754)16• Alamgir II (1754-1759)17• Shah Jahan III (1759-1759)18• Shah Alam II (1759-1806)19• Akbar Shah II (1806-1837)20• Bahadur Shah II (1837-1857)
Zahir ud-din Muhammad Babur The name Babur is derived from the Persian word babr, meaning "tiger",
1st Mughal EmperorReign 30 April 1526 – 26 December 1530Predecessor TimurSuccessor HumayunSpouse Mubarika Yousefzai Aisha Sultan Begum Dildar Begum Gulnar Aghacha Gulrukh Begum Maham Begum Aasia Rizvi Sayyida Afaq Zaynab Sultān BegumIssueHumayun, sonKamran Mirza, sonAskarī Mirzā, sonHindal Mirzā, sonGulbadan Begum, daughterFakhru n-Nīsā, daughterAltun Bishik, alleged sonFull nameZahir-ud-din Muhammad BaburHouse TimuridFather Umar Sheykh Mirza, ʿAmīr ofFarghanaMother Qutlaq Nigar KhanumBorn February 23, 1483 Andijan, UzbekistanDied December 26, 1530 (age 47) Agra, IndiaBurial Kabul, AfghanistanReligion Islam
A view of theBabri Mosque, beforeits demolition byradical Hinduorganizations. TheMosque is believed tohave beencommissioned byBabur.
Tomb site of Babur inside the Monument to Babur in Andijan,Uzbekistan byBagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Sculptor R SuleymanovAfghanistan
TheMughal Emperor Babur on ahunting expeditionalongside histroops
Umar Shaykh Mirza –Father of Babur,ca.1875–1900
Humayuns tomb is the Gur-e Amir inSamarkand, Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun
Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun 2nd Mughal EmperorReign 26 December 1530 – 17 May 1540 (9 years, 143 days) 22 February 1555 – 27 January 1556 (0 years, 339 days)Coronation 30 December 1530, AgraPredecessor BaburSuccessor AkbarSpouse Hamida Banu Begum Bega Begum Bigeh Begum Haji Begum Mah-chuchak Miveh Jan Shahzadi KhanumIssueAkbar, sonMirza Muhammad Hakim, sonAqiqeh Begum, daughterBakshi Banu Begum, daughterFather BaburMother Maham BegumBorn 17 March 1508 KabulDied 27 January 1556 (age 47) DelhiBurial Humayuns TombReligion Islam
Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun
Humayuns Tomb in Delhi, India
Copper coin of Humayun
An image from analbumcommissioned byShah Jahan showsHumayun sittingbeneath a tree inhis garden in India
Sher Shah Suri
3rd Mughal EmperorPredecessor HumayunSuccessor JahangirRegent Bairam Khan (1556–1561)Spouse 30 wives including Mariam-uz-ZamaniIssueJahangir, Murad, Danyal, 6 daughters othersFull nameAbul-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar IHouse TimuridFather HumayunMother Hamida Banu BegumBorn 14 October 1542 Umerkot, SindDied 27 October 1605 (aged 63) Fatehpur Sikri, AgraBurial Sikandra, AgraReligion Din-i-Ilahi, later coverted back toIslam
Rupiya released by Sher Shah Suri, 1540–1545 CE,was the first Rupee
Sher Shah Suri Tomb at Sasaram Sher Mandal built in his honour by the Mughals
Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar
Young Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana beingreceived by Akbar, Akbarnama
Diwan-i-Khas – Hall of PrivateAudience,Fatehpur Sikri is acity and a municipal board inAgra district in the state ofUttar Pradesh,India. Built nearthe much older Sikri, thehistorical city of Fatehabad, asit was first named, wasconstructed by Akbarbeginning in 1570, in honourof Sufi saint ShaikhSalim Chisti
Silver coin of Akbar with inscriptions of theIslamic declaration of faith, the declaration reads:"There is none worthy of worship but Allah, andMuhammad is the messenger of Allah."
Gate of Akbars mausoleum at Sikandra, Agra, 1795
Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar
Akbarreceives anembassysent byQueenElizabeth
Nur-ud-din Jahangir Nur Jahan
A rare life-size portraitof the Mughal EmperorJahangir holding aglobe, by Abul Hasan,Nadir al-Zaman (dated1617 AD)
Shah Jahan 5th Mughal EmperorPredecessor JahangirSuccessor AurangzebSpouse Mumtaz Mahal Akbarabadi Mahal Kandahari MahalIssueJahanara BegumDara ShikohShah ShujaRoshanara BegumAurangzebMurad BakshGauhara BegumOthersHouse Timurid dynastyFather JahangirBorn 5 January 1592 Lahore, Mughal Empire(now inPakistan)Died 22 January 1666 Agra, Mughal Empire(now inUttar Pradesh, India)Religion Islam
The MughalEmperorShah Jahanand hiseldest sonDara Shikoh.
The imperial Pearl Mosque of the Mughal Jama Masjid, Delhi one of the largest mosquesEmperor Shah Jahan. in the Mughal Empire was completed during the reign of Shah Jahan.
The Taj Mahal is the most notable example ofIslamic architecture in South Asia it wasconstructed according to the commands of the famous Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
Different images of Shah Jahan
Abul Muzaffar Muhy-ud-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb Alamgir
Abul Muzaffar Muhiu d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb 6th Mughal EmperorReign 31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707 (48 years, 215 days)Coronation 15 June 1659 at Red Fort, DelhiPredecessor Shah JahanSuccessor Bahadur Shah ISpouse Nawab Raj Bai Begum Dilras Bano Begam Hira Bai Zainabadi Mahal Aurangabadi Mahal Udaipuri Mahal
Abul Muzaffar Muhiu d-Din Muhammad AurangzebIssueZeb-un-NissaZinat-un-NissaMuhammad Azam ShahMehr-un-NissaMuhammad AkbarSultan MuhammadBahadur Shah IBadr-un-NissaZabdat-un-NissaMuhammad Kam BakshFull nameAbul Muzaffar Muhy-ud-Din Muhammad AurangzebHouse TimuridFather Shah JahanMother Mumtaz MahalBorn 4 November 1618 (N.S.) Dahod, Mughal EmpireDied 3 March 1707 (aged 88) Ahmednagar, IndiaBurial KhuldabadReligion Islam
Aurangzeb seated on The Peacock Throne The Emperor Aurangezeb enthroned
A prized copy ofthe Quran, itscalligraphy isbelieved to havebeen inscribed byAurangzeb himself.
Aurangzeb spent more than 20years of his lifefighting major and minor rebellions throughoutthe Mughal Empire.
Sepoys loyal to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb,maintain their positions aroundAgra, in the year 1658.
Hiran Minar in Sheikhupura Gardens of the Mughal Empire