Agricultural Reform In India


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  • Kindly share my observation if you can spare some of your valuable time:
    At the time of calculating Agricultural produce, we must calculate the Agricultural loss also due to transformation of fertile agricultural land into the concrete jungle of Educational hubs, Commercial complexes and Industrial units. This phenomenon may be seen throughout the country. The main reason is that these agricultural lands have good infrastructure of roads and the land owner are getting attractive price of their land and / or becoming partner of the businessmen in this trade. (This transformation of agricultural land into Educational hubs is not counter balancing in the form of producing Skilled Human Resource as most of them are not giving Quality Education)
    On the other hand the scene is different. In the forest area the deforestation is on peak throughout the country which has affected the production of forest products. However agricultural land is increasing in such areas. In the Chambal Ghati the forest on the BIHADS (Hills of mud) are being cut and the BIHADS are being done plane gradually for the use of agricultural production.
    In many other parts of the Madhya Pradesh, the scene is more or less same. The trees of CHIRONGI are being invisible. The trees of MAHUAS, SHARIFA (SITAFAL-custard fruit) ,and other tress on which the wild life(birds and animals) was dependent have been cut and they are not getting food and shelter as the migrated people mostly, have done encroachment and made their own huts and the rich have made their resorts. They have done SIKAR of the poor and helpless wild animals. The elite class of the village call SIKARI-Bahelias(hunter community) and give shelter to them and permit hunting and exchange of it they get benefit out of it. Poor /poor tribal are cutting wood to sell for money as their land gone to others due to one reason or the other. It is another story, you will find KALARY(wine shop)in every village of MP. I reported about some places to the forest Department of Jabalpur region personally to stop encroachment but they did not bother. We can understand the reason of vested interest of Babus-Businessmen, Politicians and now temptation of getting undue advantage by Aam Admi also.
    The solution is to compress our corruption sphere through>South pole ((ELECTORAL REFORM)) and North pole(REFORMS IN EDUCATION INDUSTRY) i.e. to implement efficiently one after the other. However it is not easy. For this we need leaders of creative leaders of the caliber of freedom fighter.
    Vijay Nath Sondhi
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Agricultural Reform In India

  2. 2. Agriculture in India <ul><li>Largest and one of the most Prominent sector in economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture and Forestry, Logging, Fishing accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Employs 60% of India’s population. </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts for 8.56% of India’s exports. </li></ul><ul><li>About 43% of India's geographical area is used for agricultural activity </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of its share in the GDP. </li></ul><ul><li>Monsoons play a critical role in agriculture. </li></ul>[email_address]
  3. 3. History of Indian Agriculture <ul><li>By 6 th millennium BC, Wheat and some legumes were found in Indus valley. </li></ul><ul><li>By 4000 BC, wheat, peas, dates and mangoes. </li></ul><ul><li>By 3500 BC, cotton and cotton textiles were found in the valley. </li></ul><ul><li>By 3000 BC, rice and sugar cane had started. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2500 BC, rice was an important component of the staple diet in Mohenjodaro. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2000 BC, tea, bananas and apples were being cultivated. </li></ul>[email_address]
  4. 4. Agricultural Movements <ul><li>Green Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>After independence, govt. took steps to increase the food production. </li></ul><ul><li>Yields per unit area of all crops grew since 1950. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1970s saw a huge increase in India’s wheat production. </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons were improvement in irrigation, technology, application of modern agricultural practices and provision of agricultural credit and subsidies. </li></ul><ul><li>M.S. Swami Nathan is considered as the architect of the Green Revolution . </li></ul>[email_address]
  5. 5. Agricultural Movements (contd.) <ul><li>It was the name of a rural development programme </li></ul><ul><li>Started by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective was creating a nation wide milk grid. </li></ul><ul><li>Movement followed the Green Revolution and alleviating poverty and famine levels. </li></ul><ul><li>India became the largest producer of milk and milk products. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence, also known as White Revolution of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Operation Flood </li></ul>[email_address]
  6. 6. P RODUCTION <ul><li>Largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and black pepper. </li></ul><ul><li>World’s largest cattle population (193 million). </li></ul><ul><li>Second in world in farm output. </li></ul><ul><li>Second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut and fish. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the 3 rd largest producer of tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts for 10% of the world fruit production. </li></ul>[email_address]
  7. 7. P RODUCTION (contd.) [email_address] Commodity Output per acre National average 0.29 Sugarcane 26.15 Potato 6.32 Wheat 0.84 Rice 0.70 Corn 0.64 Groundnut 0.37 Soya bean 0.32
  8. 8. Factors for low productivity <ul><li>Illiteracy, reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and marketing services for farm products. </li></ul><ul><li>Average size of land holdings is very small. </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology is inadequate. </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation facilities are inadequate. </li></ul>[email_address]
  9. 9. Thank You [email_address]