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California p.1

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  • 1. California: A History Part. 1
    By: Twyla Gollery
  • 2. Chapter 4: Striking It Rich
    February 2, 1848, Mexico and the United States signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
    After this treaty was signed more citizens were integrated into the alcalde system, a system used by the Spanish
    This era shows a fusion between Mexico and the U.S.
    It also represented a fuse in between a 'Yankee-Latino culture'
    Many White immigrants married into local Latino families
  • 3. Chapter 4: Striking It Rich
    On January 24, 1848 a carpenter, James Wilson Marshall, discovered gold in California
    People abandoned their jobs and began to purchase gold mining equipment in hopes of becoming prosperous
    By late spring of that same year the Gold Rush was already under way
    The Gold Rush was a defining moment of development for the U.S.
  • 4. Chapter 4: Striking It Rich
    Due to the Gold Rush there was a mass migration to California from all around the world
    People even traveled from China and Australia in hopes that they might strike it rich
    For some, traveling to California involved a five to eight month voyage, or a five to eight month overland trek, each trail had it's own risks and dangers
  • 5. Chapter 8: Making It Happen
    Because of California's diverse economy the Great Depression did not effect people as intensely and did not happen till about the 1930's
    California's economy involved the agricultural, industrial, entertainment, tourist, and service sectors fields.
    The agricultural workforce became structurally unstable
  • 6. Chapter 8: Making It Happen
    The Great Depression caused a lot of people from the Great Plains and the Southeast of move to California in hopes of finding work
    California was flooded with more than three hundred thousand agricultural workers
    By the middle of 1934 for every 142 agricultural workers there were only 100 jobs, thus wages went down 50%
  • 7. Chapter 8: Making It Happen
    Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union (CAWIU), was founded by the Trade Union Unity League
    The CAWIU organized strike in favor of the workers
    Some of this unions leaders were Communists
    In 1933 the CAWIU played a role in organizing twenty-four agricultural strikes
    The CAWIU also organized a cotton pickers strike, the largest agricultural strike in the nation
  • 8. Chapter 10: O Brave New World
    California was able to make a name for itself through science and technology
    By the 1930's Californian scientists were taking the lead in discovering ways to smash atoms
    California has always lead the United States in biotechnology
    By the 1950's California was also on the cutting edge of using a semiconductor digital images
  • 9. Chapter 10: O Brave New World
    In 1852, a great valley in the Sierra Nevada was beginning to be known as Yosemite
    Yosemite Valley began to be one of Californians recognizable symbols
    Camping trips to Yosemite became a common thing for Californians to do, it was a way for them to define themselves
    Many books and magazine articles were written about the adventure in Yosemite at the time
  • 10. Chapter 10: O Brave New World
    California also showed much interest in space through astronomy
    In 1879, George Davidson built the first astronomical observatory on the West Coast
    Many other observatories were built over time to see better into space
    This included the Lick Observatory which influenced the founding of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific