California: A History Part. 1<br />By: Twyla Gollery<br />
Chapter 4: Striking It Rich<br />February 2, 1848, Mexico and the United States signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.<br />After this treaty was signed more citizens were integrated into the alcalde system, a system used by the Spanish<br />This era shows a fusion between Mexico and the U.S.<br />It also represented a fuse in between a 'Yankee-Latino culture'<br />Many White immigrants married into local Latino families<br />
Chapter 4: Striking It Rich<br />On January 24, 1848 a carpenter, James Wilson Marshall, discovered gold in California<br />People abandoned their jobs and began to purchase gold mining equipment in hopes of becoming prosperous<br />By late spring of that same year the Gold Rush was already under way<br />The Gold Rush was a defining moment of development for the U.S.<br />
Chapter 4: Striking It Rich<br />Due to the Gold Rush there was a mass migration to California from all around the world<br />People even traveled from China and Australia in hopes that they might strike it rich<br />For some, traveling to California involved a five to eight month voyage, or a five to eight month overland trek, each trail had it's own risks and dangers<br />
Chapter 8: Making It Happen<br />Because of California's diverse economy the Great Depression did not effect people as intensely and did not happen till about the 1930's<br />California's economy involved the agricultural, industrial, entertainment, tourist, and service sectors fields.<br />The agricultural workforce became structurally unstable <br />
Chapter 8: Making It Happen<br />The Great Depression caused a lot of people from the Great Plains and the Southeast of move to California in hopes of finding work<br />California was flooded with more than three hundred thousand agricultural workers<br />By the middle of 1934 for every 142 agricultural workers there were only 100 jobs, thus wages went down 50%<br />
Chapter 8: Making It Happen<br />Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union (CAWIU), was founded by the Trade Union Unity League<br />The CAWIU organized strike in favor of the workers<br />Some of this unions leaders were Communists<br />In 1933 the CAWIU played a role in organizing twenty-four agricultural strikes<br />The CAWIU also organized a cotton pickers strike, the largest agricultural strike in the nation<br />
Chapter 10: O Brave New World<br />California was able to make a name for itself through science and technology<br />By the 1930's Californian scientists were taking the lead in discovering ways to smash atoms<br />California has always lead the United States in biotechnology <br />By the 1950's California was also on the cutting edge of using a semiconductor digital images<br />
Chapter 10: O Brave New World<br />In 1852, a great valley in the Sierra Nevada was beginning to be known as Yosemite<br />Yosemite Valley began to be one of Californians recognizable symbols<br />Camping trips to Yosemite became a common thing for Californians to do, it was a way for them to define themselves<br />Many books and magazine articles were written about the adventure in Yosemite at the time<br />
Chapter 10: O Brave New World<br />California also showed much interest in space through astronomy<br />In 1879, George Davidson built the first astronomical observatory on the West Coast <br />Many other observatories were built over time to see better into space<br />This included the Lick Observatory which influenced the founding of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific <br />
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