BarCharts, Inc.®                                                  WORLD’S #1 ACADEMIC OUTLINE

When to use a
                      • Use at the start of ...
Reading Skills
    Skimming & Scanning                                   The SQ3R+Reading Method
• WHEN TO USE:           ...
Tips for College Planning                                                                                                 ...
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Quick Study

  1. 1. BarCharts, Inc.® WORLD’S #1 ACADEMIC OUTLINE click here In Classroom Receive 25% OFF Taking Notes and more! • If there is something you don’t understand, ASK! Mention CMP000676, expires 6/30/10. • For fast classroom access to key information on BASICS • Clear, concise notes are more effective than long, complicated notes major topics, use QuickStudy® products, if • Instead of using a spiral, use a loose-leaf notebook divided into class sections available • Immediately after a lecture, without looking at Study Strategies • Make all notes on loose-leaf paper; in an upper your notes, try to recall on a separate paper as Time Management corner, title and date each sheet as it is used much as you can about what you have heard and learned; then, review your actual lecture • LEARN TO SAY NO! Balance social time and study time • Rewrite and combine your old study and lecture • DO NOT STUDY FOR MORE THAN TWO HOURS AT A notes into a new single set of notes or outline; use notes to confirm and/or supplement your them as a replacement for your old notes in the memory • TRY TO STUDY DURING DAYLIGHT HOURS TIME loose-leaf binder • During your next study session, quickly recall again on paper what you learned; then, review • USE TWO SCHEDULES and reorganize your lecture notes in your own - Using your class schedules as a guide, block out words specific times each day for study and all other activities LECTURE NOTES • Sit near the front of the class to avoid distractions • Repeat the recall process several times over • Be a good listener - focus and concentrate on several days to commit the new information to - Create a semester schedule showing midterms, the main points of the lecture; get them down on memory! finals, due dates, and other important events: paper; you’ll put them into your own words later Weekly, review both schedules and allow more Your listening skills, note taking and ability to study time as needed; a good schedule keeps you along with your study notes; pay attention to the manage your sessions will help determine your instructors’ clues to what they consider important from wandering off course success in college! • PRIORITIZE: List what you need to study each day; prioritize and set times for each item and stick to it • USE THE 30-3-2 SCHEDULE Balancing Work & School - Study for 30 minutes - Take a three-minute break; let the break be a time to think about other things IF YOU WORK AND GO TO SCHOOL... • Keep in mind that SCHOOL IS YOUR - Upon returning, take an extra two minutes to PRIORITY! Without education, you will mentally review what you have just read and do a probably be stuck in a low paying job that quick preview of what is coming up next you hate; your time is valuable, and you must manage it well; however tired you might be after a long day of school and work, you must make time to study Study, Study, Study! • If your job is impairing your performance in school, quit the job! • ATTEND as many academic support activities and STUDY - BREAK - REVIEW - PREVIEW - STUDY • Never let an employer force you to take a workshops as possible work schedule that interferes with your • STUDY! This may be a case of stating the obvious, but studies you would be surprised how many students don't bother • If possible, find a job that provides enough • STUDYING WITH SOOTHING MUSIC in the free time to get all your studying done background (contrary to popular opinion) can enhance your concentration • And remember that employment makes • Studying in a soft chair or on a cushy bed may not be time-management skills even more the best strategy valuable - Active learning may require walking around the room or sitting on the edge of the chair • STUDY SPACE: Your regular study space should be as quiet and comfortable as possible, and large enough What is a to have easy access to everything you need for guide ? Laminated Handles daily use studying (text and reference books, paper, pencils, rulers, etc.) - Libraries, study lounges, or private rooms are ideal - Get rid of clutter; clear the desk or table of all materials not related to the current project or spilled coffee Full-color • TUTORING IS NOT A BAD THING! Get help early, before the academic damage is irreversible; many illustrations & diagrams schools offer free tutoring in a variety of subjects • Study groups are great, but in general, studying alone is more effective Goal Setting • Set realistic goals within a specific time frame (in writing) • Goals should be specific and clear • Determine the purpose of your goals and their achievement benefits; write them down next to your goal • Set specific strategies for accomplishing each goal (in writing) • Set target dates for self-evaluation Covers some of the • Periodically visualize your goal, as well as your toughest courses strategies for accomplishing the goal taught today! • List potential obstacles to attaining the goal • List strategies for overcoming obstacles Clear, Concise Information containing key facts, definitions & formulas • Follow through on all strategies 1
  2. 2. When to use a ! • Use at the start of a semester as an overview to visualize how • Use Click here for 25% OFF Mention CMP000676, expires 6/30/10. during homework time to understand and find answers quickly all the elements of the subject fit together • Use during class to find facts fast • Use throughout the semester to refresh + reinforce your • Use to prepare for mid-term and final exams memory of the topic • Use to prepare your own individual outline • Use while traveling; you can take it anywhere New Flash Cards, Booklets, Anatomy Atlas products Exam Strategies Preparation Objective Exams Essay Exams • Learn the exam format: e.g. objective • Scan the exam to determine types of • Planning your time when answering essay questions is more (true/false or multiple choice) or questions important than in objective type tests! subjective (essay) • Always read and follow directions! • Read through the entire examination first • Review course outline, notes and • Determine the exam’s scoring rules and - Get a feel for the questions you are expected to answer QuickStudy® products use them to your advantage; if wrong - If the exam allows you to choose from a number of questions, be • Review previous tests; check at answers are penalized, don’t guess sure to number your answers exactly to match the questions departmental office unless you can reduce the choices to • Follow directions carefully: • Summarize highlights on single sheet two - Pay attention to the key words in the question: Words such as • Answer easy questions first “list,” “describe,” “compare and contrast,” and “outline” require • Mark difficult questions and return to different types of answers them later - Don’t “write around” the question, but answer it directly and • True/False Questions: concisely - Pick out key words or those on which • Outlining MEMORY DUMP the meaning of a statement hinges - After scanning the list of questions, choose those about - If any clause in a statement is false, which you know most At the beginning of the test, the statement is false - On scrap paper, quickly prepare an outline of important write down on a piece of • Multiple-choice questions are ideas and facts to be included in your response paper everything you essentially true/false questions - Your opening statement summarizes what you are going to write; arranged in groups the following sentence should support your opening statement remember—formulas, facts, - Usually only one alternative is totally - Your conclusion should show how your body text supported your names, etc.; scan the test correct opening statement questions; then, do a second - Eliminate obvious false choices • It is absolutely essential that your ideas can be read and memory dump and begin - Of the remainder, pick the alternative understood: Print neatly and use correct grammar, punctuation, the test that answers most fully all aspects of and spelling the question Themes & Reports Reducing Writing Anxiety Library Tips Writing the Paper • GET A CALENDAR OR ACADEMIC PLANNER • DO NOT WAIT UNTIL YOUR FIRST RESEARCH PAPER/ • Make/use index cards (put the topic - Follow tips in Time Management on page 1 at the top of each card), notes, - Many libraries offer tours PROJECT TO SCOPE OUT THE SCHOOL LIBRARY - First, write down the due date of the paper; next, count bibliographies, summaries, reports and backwards: How many days will you need to write, edit, re- - Determine the library’s resources, as well as its reviews as part of your preparation limitations, as early as possible write, revise, take notes, research, read, select, and narrow process to organize your materials - Learn now to use library computers and card the topic? catalogs to find books by subject or author • PREPARE A WRITTEN OUTLINE - Now you know what day you will need to begin the paper - Practice using every machine in the library (i.e., - Don’t make the mistake of trying to • BE SURE YOU KNOW EXACTLY WHAT YOUR INSTRUCTOR microfiche, CD Roms, etc.) keep everything in your head - Use the Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature - Make your outline in the form of • DON'T BE AFRAID TO EXPRESS A UNIQUE OPINION: The key (available in book form and online) for magazine main headings or ideas with sub- EXPECTS is to document and support your ideas in an organized and articles; encyclopedias (book form, online or CD- headings fleshing out the flow of the clear manner ROM) for general information on most topics; paper; this will establish the paper’s • WHEN PROOFREADING TEXT, start at the end of your paper; almanacs (book form or online) for facts, lists, charts, content and conclusion read one sentence at a time and work your way to the tables, etc.; atlases and/or Internet for maps and • WRITE THE PAPER geographical facts/statistics; ask the librarian for beginning; by reading from end to beginning, the pattern is instructions and/or how to access the most up-to- - Use the outline as a guide and stick broken and you will find more errors in grammar, punctuation, date information on the topics you are researching to it and spelling - Be sure to cite all research properly, whether you use - Write in your own natural style • DO NOT RELY ON SPELLCHECK: Remember "principle" and periodicals, books, the Internet or other sources! - Reread, rewrite, revise and edit "principal" are both correct spellings; other biggies—"to" and • KNOW COPIER RULES AND PROCEDURES IN ADVANCE until the paper says exactly what "too," "it's" and "its" - Where are copiers located? you want to say, the way you want • PLAGIARISM MEANS TAKING ANOTHER PERSON'S WORDS - Does the copier require cash or some sort of to say it OR IDEAS AS YOUR OWN: Be careful to always cite your copy card? - Use correct punctuation and source whether you quote directly or paraphrase; remember, • CHECK OUT LOCAL COMMUNITY AND UNIVERSITY grammar, and run spellcheck if it's not common knowledge or your original idea, you must LIBRARIES They may house the one obscure article - Cite all sources, including Internet cite the source or book you need to earn that "A" searches 2
  3. 3. Reading Skills Skimming & Scanning The SQ3R+Reading Method • WHEN TO USE: • SURVEY - To determine main idea - Preview the assignment/material to be studied - To locate facts quickly by scanning the text quickly to discover the - To answer test items central concept - To answer chapter - From your preview, formulate an overall picture questions and the purpose of what you’re going to study • QUESTION • HOW TO SKIM & SCAN: - What you need to learn in terms of what, why, - Fix intent for reading how, when, who and/or where, to support the (or facts sought) clearly central concept in your mind - Write these questions in the margins of your - Scan table of contents, textbook or at the top of your lecture or study chapter headings and notes subheadings • READ - Quickly move eyes over - Read specifically to answer the questions reading material, focusing - Most paragraphs contain one or more main upon page headings and ideas in support of a concept; locate and subheadings, discarding highlight them with a marker; make notes in the information that is margins, summarizing key points; pay special obviously not related to reading intent attention to bolded or italicized type and to - Skimming should be twice as fast as average tables, graphs and illustrations which may reading speed explain an idea more thoroughly than text • RECALL Locate as quickly as possible the key or - Pause periodically (every 15 minutes or so) to topic sentence of each paragraph (usually, recall in your own words a summary of the but not always, the first sentence) important ideas you have read; write on notepaper as much as you can recall about - Selectively omit portions of reading material what you have read and learned! - Practice skimming and scanning to locate - Each mini-review is a knowledge builder and information; repeated practice will increase memory reinforcer speed • REVIEW - Read the last paragraph carefully for - Did you answer your questions, understand the summary information new material and accomplish your goal? - Carefully review tables, charts and side - Reread difficult parts; work a few more problems boxes Staying Healthy Brain Power Can You Remember? • Gallons of coffee or cola are not the way to survive mid-terms or finals BEWARE OF FAST FOOD, SUGAR AND CAFFEINE! • MEMORIZE FROM GENERAL TO things, etc., that you already know - Sleep and study in small shifts SPECIFIC: Study the big picture, then - Repeat: Even though something is - Exercise often during exam weeks learn the details initially learned, it will more than likely - Choose foods that provide natural and sustained energy: pasta, • CRAMMING DOES NOT WORK! be forgotten if not over learned; be peanut butter, non-sugary cereals, yogurt, fresh fruits, lean protein Cramming for an exam only commits sure to repeat information in your own the information to your short-term words • Whatever you choose—swimming, running, going to the gym—make FIND A GOOD EXERCISE PROGRAM memory • KEY IDEAS: sure it’s something you’ll stick with ongoing • FOUR BASIC REASONS WE FORGET - Highlight them in your textbooks and • Especially during times of stress (exam time and/or when papers are outlines due), exercise is important—it reduces stress and makes you feel better! - Don't use the information - Give extra attention to bolded words PIECES OF INFORMATION: • What works for managing stress is different for everyone - Confuse it with other information or phrases STRESS MANAGEMENT • Sometimes, regular exercise and healthy eating are enough - Decide the information does not - Make up acronyms or mnemonics to • Other times, you need more—think about taking a yoga class with a match what you already believe recall (i.e. GIGO = Garbage In; friend or starting a crafts project - Never really learned the information Garbage Out) or (Please Excuse My • Journals and blogs offer great ways to unwind and de-stress, too in the first place Dear Aunt Sally = Parentheses first, • Listen to music—it helps everyone relax • KEYS TO REMEMBERING: then Exponents, then Multiplication, • Whatever you choose, remember, SCHOOL IS YOUR #1 PRIORITY! - Be interested: Pay attention; Division, Addition and Subtraction) • If you ever feel that stress or pressure are more than you can take, talk to consciously choose to remember; • MAPPING your parents, a teacher, a guidance counselor, or any adult you can establish a need to remember. Make a mental image of your notes, trust—don’t feel like you have to handle all your problems by yourself - Visualize: Picture in your mind what outlines, color-coded QuickStudy® • Also, find out what kind of counseling programs your school, local youth you wish to remember guides, etc. and where facts are center, or house of worship may offer—many organizations offer one-on- - Relate: Relate and form associations located on them in relation to other one counseling as well as support groups that can be very helpful between the new ideas and topics; these images (fact maps) and • Everyone goes through rough times; YOU’RE NEVER ALONE! Reaching information you wish to remember their data can often be recalled during out to others can make all the difference, whether you’re helping or and information, ideas, persons, tests being helped Critical Thinking Skills Community • Learn to evaluate everything you see, read, or hear; decide for yourself what • Critical thinkers are: - Able to resist manipulation Resources to believe - Able to overcome confusion • Critical thinking is important in order to: - Able to perceive connections • MAKE YOURSELF AWARE OF COMMUNITY RESOURCES, - Enhance common sense between subjects and events ESPECIALLY if you are in a new town; be aware of support services - Filter emotion - Able to base judgments on evidence - Religious institutions - Categorize experiences and facts - Support groups - Select references - Able to realize that the "truth" is never - Counseling centers - Understand the "experts" simple; grey or foggy areas always • REALIZE THAT YOU ARE A MEMBER OF THE TOTAL COMMUNITY - Sort fact from opinion exist - Do some volunteer work each semester: It's great to put on college - Learn to express yourself in a clear applications and gain practical experience, plus it feels good! and interesting manner 3
  4. 4. Tips for College Planning How makes studying The SAT The Personal Statement easier! • You should take the SAT for the first time no later • Most colleges require a personal essay as part of than the beginning of your junior year; it is best to their application; while the question posed might take the SAT early so that you can take it again if be worded differently among applications, they “I bought the Spanish guide and I loved you aren't satisfied with your score all basically want you to explain why you are it! It’s complete, yet concise and easy • The SAT is only one among many factors used by suited to attend their school to use!” admissions officers to determine your suitability as • The best way to handle multiple applications is to a student begin by writing a general personal statement -Glen Rice, student • There are many materials and classes to help you expressing who you are and why you desire to prepare for the SAT. QuickStudy® offers effective, continue your education; then, customize your concise study guides for both the verbal and essay for each school to which you are applying mathematics sections of the test • It is important to have others close to you read your personal statement before you include it with your application; not only are they more likely to Planning & Preparing Your find any spelling or grammatical errors, but they can help you refine the focus of the essay; share College Applications your statement with teachers, counselors, friends, • The sooner you begin to plan for college, the family—the more feedback you get the better better—as soon as you begin to think about going statement you can produce to college, request catalogs and applications • Don't use your personal statement to explain any from every school you might be interested in, even deficiencies in grades or test scores; don't make if the materials for the semester you plan to apply excuses for not being that imaginary ideal student; for aren't yet available; these are essential in if there were any specific circumstances you feel evaluating your choices, and you can always detracted from your academic performance, or if request new ones when you apply you were the subject of any disciplinary action by • Create a file for everything related to college, and your high school, compose a concise explanation keep it organized; make a list of everything you and enclose it on a separate piece of paper; have need to send and the deadlines by which it must a teacher or guidance counselor look it over first be sent • Keep your parents informed about your applications; you will need to plan with them to Making the Choice work out financing; and with the anxiety so often involved in these decisions, you'll need them for • The hardest part of the process can come after “Your guides have changed the way I emotional support as well you have received acceptance to multiple study. No more digging through colleges; deciding which choice is best is a textbooks looking for formulas and complicated decision and is rarely made without such!” Recommendations help; be sure to involve your parents in the decision-making process so that you can know -Jason Blumenfeld, student • Many colleges require one or more letters of how much financial support you have available; recommendation; if possible, solicit recommend- stay informed at school and in the community ations from teachers long before they are due about scholarships for which you might qualify • Although you should select those teachers who • Many students dream of going to a particular— know you best, it is a good idea to give them a university; unfortunately, most must compromise; copy of your transcripts and a list of your activities; still, for most students, there are abundant this will help them write positive letters that refer to institutions that would make a good match; if you your specific accomplishments have determined that the only schools that have • Rarely is it a good idea to send more accepted you are not a match, don’t panic— recommendations than a school requests, there are many alternatives; consider asking especially if all the letters tell the same story; diversify your recommendations across as wide a schools that rejected you about probational range of subjects as possible—this will show enrollment; or spend a year working, attending a potential schools how versatile you are, both local community college, and filling out academically and socially applications to schools you haven’t considered; military enlistment is the answer for many who can’t quite afford to attend the school of their choice • Teachers • Music instructor SOURCES FOR RECOMMENDATIONS • Another option is to enroll at an institution other • Coaches • Job supervisor than the preferred one for a year or two, and then • Guidance counselor • Volunteer organization transfer; it is becoming increasingly common for • Pastor • Boy/Girl Scout leader students to complete degree programs in this • Extracurricular activities coordinators manner College Admissions activities in high school; it is best to be involved in a handful of activities in which you are genuinely interested, so that you can speak or write about • Take the most rigorous classes available at your ACADEMICS Click here to receive them with enthusiasm high school; not only are these classes usually • Extracurricular activities with an academic focus weighted in your favor in computing your GPA, but admissions officers like to see applicants who challenge themselves academically • Put forth the effort to earn the best grades that are generally best (e.g. science fair, debate team, language club, math team); being involved in your school's student government is another 25% OFF Mention CMP000676, expires 6/30/10. you can—this should be your first priority; if offered activity that will look good on your applications. at your school, take as many Advanced • Engagement in athletics can also help you earn Placement or International Baccalaureate classes admission to the college of your choice. Even if as possible; not only can these classes lead to you lack the ability or interest for recruitment for college credit, but also signify on your transcript college teams, participation in sports shows the that you are just the kind of student colleges are admissions staff another facet of your personality. looking for Being athletic can make you more well-rounded • If your school district permits it, you might want to and staying in shape will improve your mental consider dual enrollment at a local university or community college; this will show your eagerness focus. to learn and willingness to undertake a challenge; • Volunteer work looks good on applications. While it also can help you get a better idea of what you it is intrinsically good to volunteer to help others, it * want out of college, and the credits you earn will can also improve your chances for admission. usually transfer Some schools require students to volunteer in order to graduate. If you have been involved in any EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES Computer Based Training • Competitive colleges are sometimes reluctant to such activities, be sure to indicate so on your * Select titles admit students who had no extracurricular application. 4