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Introduction to the TAO Uct Sig, a team working on computational intelligence, part of the TAO team

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  • 1. SOME RESEARCH IN TAO-UCTSIGOlivier Teytaud --- olivier.teytaud@gmail.comNUTN, Tainan, 2011
  • 2. Tao (Inria, Cnrs, Lri, Paris-Sud)People: Permanent staff: 11 ~22 ph.D. studs/post-docsIn Université Paris-Sud Largest campus in France Faculty of sciences: mathematics, computer science, physics, chemistry, biology, earth and space sciences ==> 12000 studentsInria affiliation: > 50 years old Devoted to research in comp. science
  • 3. TAO-UCTSIGOne of the SIG (Special Interest Groups) of TAO.I am responsible of the TAO UCT SIG.We work on artificial intelligence.
  • 4. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ?PROBLEMS IN WHICH COMPUTERS MAKE DECISIONS.IN PARTICULAR PROBLEMS FOR WHICH HUMANS ARE BETTER THAN COMPUTERS.What we do:MATHSCHALLENGES (GAMES)IMPORTANT APPLICATIONS
  • 5. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ?PROBLEMS IN WHICH COMPUTERS MAKE DECISIONS.IN PARTICULAR PROBLEMS FOR WHICH HUMANS ARE BETTER THAN COMPUTERS.What we do: TODAY WE MUST HAVE FUN.MATHS SO I REMOVE MATHS.CHALLENGES (GAMES)IMPORTANT APPLICATIONS
  • 6. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ?PROBLEMS IN WHICH COMPUTERS MAKE DECISIONS.IN PARTICULAR PROBLEMS FOR WHICH HUMANS ARE BETTER THAN COMPUTERS.What we do: TODAY WE MUST HAVE FUN.MATHS SO I REMOVE MATHS.CHALLENGES (GAMES) THIS IS FUN.IMPORTANT APPLICATIONS
  • 7. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ?PROBLEMS IN WHICH COMPUTERS MAKE DECISIONS.IN PARTICULAR PROBLEMS FOR WHICH HUMANS ARE BETTER THAN COMPUTERS.What we do: TODAY WE MUST HAVE FUN.MATHS SO I REMOVE MATHS.CHALLENGES (GAMES) THIS IS FUN.IMPORTANT APPLICATIONS ALSO THIS.
  • 8. TODAYROBOT ARMPOKEMON (PIKACHU)URBAN RIVALSMINESWEEPERGOAN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION
  • 9. Robot ArmOne of our applications: trying to control thisrobot for learning from trial & error.We havecompetitionsof robotarm control.Join :-)
  • 10. POKEMONS 皮卡丘Second most lucrative videogame.Meta-gaming: choosing your deck.
  • 11. POKEMON:2 STEPS.METAGAMING: I have plenty of cards, I choose my deck.INGAMING: I have a deck, I play.==> involves partial observability==> nice mathematics
  • 12. URBAN RIVALS17 Millions registered users. Important company.
  • 13. MINESWEEPER:- WHO HAS NEVER PLAYED MINESWEEPER ?- STILL A CHALLENGE FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.- SURPRISINGLY, THE BEST MOVE IS NOT ALWAYS JUST A MOVE WITH MINIMUM PROBABILITY OF MINE.
  • 14. GOOD NEWS: we had aGAME OF GO lot of progress with **generic** algorithms(with Nutn) (algorithms which can be used for many things). The revolution in Go which occurred in 2007-2009 is a major breakthrough in Artificial Intelligence. Well see that in details. I am a little bit tired of the game of Go, because I have no recent progress, and recent progress in the community comes from Go expertise, which is only useful for Go...
  • 15. Problem 2: Solving unsolved situations in GoNow computers are much stronger than in the past.However, they still misunderstand some trivial situations (in particular, liberty races).You have an idea ? Tell me :-)
  • 16. WE WORK ON ONE OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIES IN FRANCE.FRANCE IS WELL KNOWN FOR:
  • 17. WE WORK ON ONE OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIES IN FRANCE.FRANCE IS WELL KNOWN FOR: STINKY CHEESE
  • 18. WE WORK ON ONE OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIES IN FRANCE.FRANCE IS WELL KNOWN FOR: PASTRIES
  • 19. WE WORK ON ONE OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIES IN FRANCE.FRANCE IS WELL KNOWN FOR: WINE
  • 20. WE WORK ON ONE OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIES IN FRANCE.FRANCE IS WELL KNOWN FOR: HIGH SPEED WHEELED TRAIN 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph). (commercial 330km/h)
  • 21. WE WORK ON ONE OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIES IN FRANCE.FRANCE IS WELL KNOWN FOR: POWER PLANTS Nuclear stuff everywhere in France. but you can come for tourism :-)
  • 22. French energy company EDF:- world’s largest utility company.- 120,000+ megawatts in Europe, Latin America, Asia, the Middle-East and Africa.- Controls companies in all continents.
  • 23. ELECTRICITY GENERATION
  • 24. ELECTRICITY GENERATIONin FRANCE France = world champion of nuclear power plant
  • 25. ELECTRICITY GENERATIONin FRANCE – also hydroelectricity
  • 26. FRANCE ELECTRICITY: CONSUMPTION- Big consumption = winter.- Yet, since the 2003 disaster (Taiwan-like heat wave in summer, 15 000 died), air conditioning appears.- We sell electricity in Europe (will increase, due to Fukushima)==> highly dependent on (i) climate (ii) economical conditions
  • 27. EUROPE ELECTRICITY: FUTURE- French electric grid connected to many countries: how will they evolve ?- Avoid black-out (“domino” effect on grids) ?- Will probably increase: more in Africa (buying photo-voltaic, wind)- No typhoon, no earthquake, no tsunami: keeping nuclear power or not ?- Electric cars
  • 28. A RISK: SOMETHING LIKETHE 2003 BLACK OUT IN US
  • 29. ANOTHER RISK: LACK OF WATER(DROUGHT) (nuclear power plants cooled by water)
  • 30. PLENTY OF IMPORTANT QUESTIONS: We have a lot of hydroelectricity. Hydroelectricity ==> water = stock of energy. Every day: can I use water now ? Or should I keep it for later (winter) ? Long term investments: which plants should I build ?
  • 31. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ISSOOOO GOOD.NICE AND VISIBLE CHALLENGES IN GAMESCRITICAL APPLICATIONS: I had a lot of pleasure trying to make something useful for my country around energy. When you work on this, you know you work on something important, as everyone needs energy. Which power plants should Taiwan build ? How Taiwan should connect its electric grid to other countries so that no partner suffers from the connection ?