Teamwork (Chapter 4)


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Teamwork (Chapter 4)

  1. 1. Teamwork
  2. 2. <ul><li>Teamwork is important in livestock projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults should understand the stages of team development. </li></ul><ul><li>Family members must understand their roles in the team process. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults must teach young people the difference between gamesmanship and sportsmanship. </li></ul>Overview
  3. 3. <ul><li>Synergy – the interaction of two or more agents or forces so that their combined effect is greater than the sum of their individual effects </li></ul><ul><li>Groups with strong synergy have the following characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared leadership roles among members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreed upon purposes and/or goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective work products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active problem solving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Working as a team allows individuals to work more effectively toward a shared vision. </li></ul>Synergy in Teams
  4. 4. <ul><li>Team – a number of persons associated together in work or activity </li></ul><ul><li>Adults should: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help young people develop life skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help young people develop good character </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identifying roles within a team is important. </li></ul><ul><li>Families must plan and set goals in the beginning. </li></ul>What is a team?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Stages define roles of team members and of the leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Stages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjourning </li></ul></ul>Team Development Process
  6. 6. <ul><li>Period of uncertainty. </li></ul><ul><li>Members become acquainted with each other and are very excited. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on making members comfortable and defining goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader helps members get acquainted and build trust among each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader must begin clarifying roles and provide direction. </li></ul>Forming
  7. 7. <ul><li>Project has arrived and everyone is excited. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader makes sure everyone knows how to care for animal. </li></ul><ul><li>Excitement continues as everyone is interested in helping . </li></ul><ul><li>Each team member is identifying his/her role. </li></ul>Forming in Livestock Projects
  8. 8. <ul><li>Most difficult stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict may occur because members have different personalities. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader must deal with issues such as power, authority, working collectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader must emphasize each person’s role. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader must help divide up responsibility. </li></ul>Storming
  9. 9. <ul><li>Members realize a livestock project is a lot of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Members become frustrated with their roles and the way others are performing. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Someone didn’t clean pen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leader must recognize the frustration and take action by uniting the team. </li></ul>Storming in Livestock Projects
  10. 10. <ul><li>Team members work more collaboratively. </li></ul><ul><li>Members understand they can work more efficiently if they don’t compete with one another. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders must emphasize cooperation and the importance of each person using his/her talents to contribute to the group effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration is most important in this stage. </li></ul>Norming
  11. 11. <ul><li>Leader discusses what is happening with the project. </li></ul><ul><li>Members see they must work together to accomplish tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader emphasizes goals and makes sure they are written down. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaning stalls, feeding, exercising, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Members must learn to adapt and make changes when necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Team should map out weekly schedules. </li></ul>Norming in Livestock Projects
  12. 12. <ul><li>Group members understand each other and are able to work more effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Controversy is handled in an orderly manner. </li></ul><ul><li>The time it takes to reach this stage varies. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders must help manage change in this stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders should identify members who adapt to change better than others. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader should praise members for good teamwork and overcoming obstacles. </li></ul>Performing
  13. 13. <ul><li>Team is following its plan and completing tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader should hold team meetings (once a week) to discuss progress and celebrate success, allowing members to take turns leading meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader helps members build ownership and take responsibility. </li></ul>Performing in Livestock Projects
  14. 14. <ul><li>Members finish tasks and reflect on their accomplishments. </li></ul><ul><li>Plans are made for the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Members begin moving on to new tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>Members may have a feeling of loss because of the bonds formed with team members. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader must celebrate the team’s accomplishments and thank members for hard work and dedication. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is a winner! </li></ul>Adjourning
  15. 15. <ul><li>It’s SHOWTIME ! </li></ul><ul><li>End of project year means showing livestock on the county, regional or state level. </li></ul><ul><li>Win, lose or draw, the team is successful when they know they have done their best and achieved their goals </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone should celebrate accomplishments (no matter how big or small). This is part of positive reinforcement. </li></ul>Adjourning in Livestock Projects
  16. 16. <ul><li>Family members should be a young person’s main supporters. </li></ul><ul><li>Families must find time to work collaboratively on livestock projects. </li></ul><ul><li>All family members should have a role. </li></ul><ul><li>Involving family members makes them feel they have a stake in the project. </li></ul><ul><li>Family members should be held accountable. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning and working collaboratively will ensure a properly cared for animal. </li></ul>Role of Family Members in Team Process
  17. 17. <ul><li>Differences in opinions will arise. </li></ul><ul><li>The way team members handle differences will determine their success. </li></ul><ul><li>Covey said, “Strength lies in differences, not in similarities.” </li></ul><ul><li>When members base their opinions on facts, they can come together in a mutual agreement. </li></ul>Role of Family (continued)
  18. 18. <ul><li>Raising livestock is an educational activity that builds life skills and good character. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults should emphasize the importance of showmanship. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Older person helping younger person in the show ring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adults must demonstrate ethical practices with livestock projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Young people who see parents engage in unethical practices may do the same. </li></ul>Gamesmanship vs. Sportsmanship
  19. 19. <ul><li>Serves as manager of the team </li></ul><ul><li>Helps with areas such as validation, tagging and weighing, show entry cards, educational resources, and introducing youth to agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Helps teach life skills and good character </li></ul><ul><li>Must recruit youth to become involved </li></ul>Role of County Extension Agent or Ag. Science Teacher in Team Process
  20. 20. <ul><li>Supports families in the day-to-day raising of livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Informs young people about other opportunities and activities related to agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Must recognize the efforts put forth by families </li></ul>Role of County Extension Agent or Ag. Science Teacher in Team Process
  21. 21. <ul><li>Understanding how to work in teams effectively is an important part of youth development. </li></ul><ul><li>Families, county Extension agents and ag. science teachers can help young people learn how to work in teams. </li></ul><ul><li>Each individual in a team has a role. </li></ul>Conclusion
  22. 22. <ul><li>Families manage the day-to-day care of animals. </li></ul><ul><li>County Extension agents / ag. science teachers oversee livestock projects. </li></ul><ul><li>The more families and county Extension agents/ag. science teachers understand their roles in the team process, the more efficient and productive they will be with youth livestock projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective teamwork builds character and life skills. </li></ul>Conclusion (continued)