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Show steer classification guidelines Show steer classification guidelines Presentation Transcript

  • Sam Womble County Extension Agent – Natural Resources Victoria County Show Steer Classification Guidelines
  • History
    • In the fall of 2006, various County Extension Agents, Agriculture Science Teachers, Breed Represenatives and Industry Leaders met to develop breed specific classification criteria.
    • The information that follows should be used as a tool (determining potential classification) when purchasing breed steers for Texas Major Livestock Shows.
  • Angus
  • Angus
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Purebred Angus
    • Solid Black
    • Polled
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Continental breed type structure and head
    • Bumps between the poll and the ear
    • Birth marks or white hair in the switch should be reviewed for the skin color
    • Bos Taurus type ear set (ear size not to be discriminated against)
  • Angus
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • White skin resulting in white hair above the underline or in front of the navel (white on the navel is acceptable)
    • White skin resulting in white hair on the leg, foot, or tail
    • Horns or scurs
    • Brindle
    • Diluter color pattern
    • Dehorning scars
    • Double muscling
  • Hereford
  • Hereford
    • Ideal Breed Characteristics :
    • Must exhibit breed characteristics of a purebred Hereford
    • Red body with white face, white underline, and white marked legs
    • Feather neck
    • Horned Herefords must be dehorned
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Dark red color
    • Red neck
    • Solid red or solid white ear, size and shape is questionable
  • Hereford
    • Excess white on legs
    • Excess white above the underline
    • Eye pigment
    • Black hair in tail, ear, or on rear end of animal
    • Black on reproductive tract
    • Black spotting /smut, or freckling on the nose
    • Lineback
    • White above switch in tail
    • White across rump above the twist
  • Hereford
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Coarse joints, head or ribs
    • Straight line white markings on legs
    • White above the hocks, on the outside and back side of rear legs
    • Excess pigment or color around the eyes
    • Red neck in combination with excess white on legs
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Diluter color pattern
    • Brindles
    • Double muscling
    • Any color pattern other than red and white
  • Red Angus
  • Red Angus
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Purebred Red Angus
    • English/British characteristics
    • Solid red
    • Polled
    • Black pigmentation (animals may have 2 of 3 areas of black pigmentation on the nose, around the eyes, and anus but not all 3)
    • A blond, light red or mixed switch
    • Black hair on the tail, muzzle, face, neck, and shoulder
  • Red Angus
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Double muscling
    • Coarse joints or head (big feet, big dewclaws)
    • Bumps between the poll and ear
    • Solid white switch
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Horns or scurs
    • White above the underline or in front of the navel
    • White on the leg
  • Red Angus
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Black pigmentation (having all 3 areas of black pigmentation and that being on the nose, around the eyes, and anus)
    • Diluter color pattern
    • Dehorning scars or evidence of dehorning
    • Solid white tail
  • Shorthorn
  • Shorthorn
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Purebred Shorthorn
    • Solid red, solid white with red hair or red pigment on ear, muzzle, or tail; or red and white or any combination of red and white, with the red and white color pattern bleeding together
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Motley face or brockle faced
    • Orange or light red color
    • Black nose pigment
    • Straight line white markings across leg
    • Coarse head
    • Double muscling
  • Shorthorn
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Diluter color pattern such as yellow or yellow roan
    • Blacks, blue roans or grays
    • Brindle
  • Charolais
  • Charolais
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Must appear to have at least 50% Charolais
    • White, yellow, gray or silver (moderate dappling allowed)
    • Expression of diluter gene
    • Painting or spotting less than 20%
    • Skunk tail, lineback or baldy
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Excessive painting or spotting (over 20%)
    • Double muscling
    • Brindles
    • Frail bone work and general appearance
  • Charolais
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Light red color
    • Short, stubby head
    • Overly refined narrow head
    • Excessive dark pigmentation (eyes, nose, ears, anus)
    • Excessive dappling
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Black, red, dark smuts
    • Showing no diluter gene
  • Chianina
  • Chianina
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Must exhibit Chianina influence in head (ear, eye and nose) and skeleton
    • Any shade of black, red, gray or yellow
    • Brindles
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Coarse joints or skeleton
    • Excessive spotting above the underline
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Cannot appear to be a purebred of any other breed
  • Limousin
  • Limousin
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Must appear to have at least 50% Limousin
    • Solid black, red, light red, charcoal black
    • Bald face
    • Smooth joints and skeleton
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Coarse joints, skeleton and head
    • Stocking legs
    • Brindle
    • Spotting above the underline
    • Roans
  • Maine Anjou
  • Maine Anjou
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Must appear to be at least 50% Maine Anjou
    • Solid black or solid red
    • White stocking legs
    • White underline
    • Spotting above the underline and on face
    • Heavy skeletal structure
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Brindle
    • Roan
    • Diluter Color Pattern
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Cannot appear to be more than 50% of any other breed
  • Simmental
  • Simmental
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Purebred Simmental characteristics
    • Larger, longer head
    • Larger ear, lower set
    • Solid black, red, light red, gray, smut, red and white, yellow and white, black and white
    • Spotting above the underline
    • Stocking legs
    • Bald, blaze or streak face
    • Diluter color pattern
  • Simmental
    • Discriminating Breed Characteristics :
    • Roans
    • Skunk tail
    • Double muscling
    • 30% or more white above the underline
    • Diluter color pattern around the eyes and muzzle
    • Monkey mouth
    • Absolute Disqualification :
    • Brindle
  • American Breeds Cross
  • American Breeds Cross
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Any color or color pattern
    • Progression of importance to include Bos indicus head, eye and ear of moderate length, slightly drooping and opens down and forward
    • Crest or slick neck
    • Sheath score of 2 or more
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Bos taurus head
    • Bos taurus short ear
    • Bos taurus eye
    • Sheath score of 1
  • American Breeds Cross
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • A combination of a Bos taurus head, eye and ear
    • Without adequate Bos indicus head, eye and ear characteristics, sheath score is irrelevant
  • Brahman
  • Brahman
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Must appear to be at least 50% Brahman
    • A prominent hump beginning in the middle of the shoulder going forward
    • Any color or color pattern
    • Bos indicus ear, head and sheath
    • Absolute Disqualification :
    • A crest with the absence of a hump
  • Brangus
  • Brangus
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Purebred Black Brangus
    • Solid black
    • Sheath hangs at a 45 degree angle and is well controlled
    • Influence of a Bos indicus eye, ear and head
    • Slick neck or evidence of a crest
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Scurs or slick spots (scurs must be loose)
    • Excessive pendulous sheath
    • Absence of Bos indicus influenced eye, ear and head
  • Brangus
    • Absolute Disqualifications :
    • Hard horns (attached)
    • Dehorning scars
    • White above the underline or in front of the navel
    • White on the legs, feet or tail
    • No brindles
  • Simbrah
  • Simbrah
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Purebred Simbrah
    • Must have a minimum of ¼ and/or a maximum of ¾ Simmental and/or Brahman
    • A sheath score of 2 or greater
    • A Bos indicus eye, ear and head
    • Stocking legs
    • Bald, blaze or streak face
    • Diluter color pattern
    • Solid black, red, light red, gray, smut or yellow or a combination of white with any of the previous listed colors
    • Brindles
  • Simbrah
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • A sheath score of 1
    • A Bos taurus head
    • A Bos taurus ear
    • A Bos taurus eye
    • Mottled face
    • Diluter color pattern around the eyes and muzzle
    • Absolute Disqualification :
    • A combination of a Bos taurus head, ear, eye and sheath
    • Roans
  • Santa Gertrudis
  • Santa Gertrudis
    • Acceptable Breed Characteristics :
    • Appears to be at least 50% Santa Gertrudis
    • Any color or color pattern
    • Moderate crest, no definite hump
    • Moderate dewlap development
    • Moderate length of ear, slightly drooping and opens forward
    • Sheath score 1-4
    • Not necessary to show predominant Bos indicus characteristics
  • Santa Gertrudis
    • Discriminatory Breed Characteristics :
    • Sheath score of 5
    • Excessive sloppiness and/or looseness of hide
    • Absolute Disqualification :
    • Absence of any visible Santa Gertrudis characteristics
  • Conclusion
    • Keep in mind the above mentioned guidelines are just that, GUIDELINES.
    • Classification is ultimately determined by the classifiers.
    • Two or more “Discriminatory Breed Characteristics” can be means to classify a steer out of a particular breed.