4 h swine facilities project checklist

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4 h swine facilities project checklist

  1. 1. Texas 4-H Livestock Mentor Training July 25-27, 2008 Sam Womble County Extension Agent Victoria County 4-H Swine Facilities & Project Check List
  2. 2. First Things First <ul><li>What are the basic needs of a pig? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>150 sq. ft./pig </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fresh supply of feed and water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>protection from extreme weather conditions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Facilities <ul><li>Be a good neighbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check deed restrictions and zoning laws before you begin construction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan ahead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you utilize an existing structure? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functional, not necessarily elaborate </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Facilities <ul><li>Electricity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlets need to be in a safe location </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ceiling height / Ventilation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flooring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be cautious of slick, smooth surfaces (texture) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed, equipment, supplies </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Geographic Location <ul><li>South Texas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COLD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Warm and dry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bedding, lamps, ect… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HEAT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize shade, fans, misters, prevailing wind, sand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid mud holes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Soil Type and Drainage <ul><li>Soil type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High sand content as opposed to a silt or clay soil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 ft. slope/ 100 ft. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Base material to build up elevation </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Accessibility <ul><li>Walking distance of your house </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>spend more time at the barn </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>enjoyed more by youth, family and friends </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Trailer access for loading/unloading </li></ul><ul><li>Alley ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have gates that open across alley ways to make sorting and penning easier </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Waste Disposal <ul><li>Pens should be cleaned daily </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aid in controlling insects, disease, odor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry waste away from pens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost pile </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Project Check List <ul><li>Schedule your visits </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-security </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to and inquire about the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities (clean, functional) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General animal health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeding schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fresh water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showmanship </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Summary <ul><li>The “Little Things” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The little things done at home each day can be the difference between a premium and a floor check. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember what our purpose is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People are willing to help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy what you do, you’re making a DIFFERENCE ! </li></ul></ul>

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