Activating Benefits For The Epa Agriculture

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Activating the Benefits of EPA in the Agriculture Sector

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Activating Benefits For The Epa Agriculture

  1. 1. ACTIVATING BENEFITS OF THE EPA - AGRICULTURE <ul><li>LEARN HOW THE EPA CAN WORK FOR YOU </li></ul><ul><li>Vincent J. Atkins, CRNM </li></ul>
  2. 2. What’s The Deal for Agriculture? <ul><li>The EPA : </li></ul><ul><li>preserves Cotonou preferences for agricultural products. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides additional market access for products which did not enjoy duty free – quota free entry into the EC – sugar, rice, meat, most fruits and vegetables, processed foods. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What’s the Deal ? <ul><li>Most sensitive agricultural products protected – list of products excluded from tariff liberalisation covering 75 % of agricultural imports from the EC. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive products subject to liberalisation over extensive periods of 10 years or more. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What’s the Deal ? <ul><li>Provides for safeguard measures which takes into account the peculiarities of agricultural markets and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Development assistance and co-operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced rules of origin with respect to Cumulation – benefits biscuits and bakery products, jams and jellies, fruit juices and other beverages. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Food Security <ul><li>Acknowledgment that removal of barriers may pose challenges to CARIFORUM producers in agricultural, food and fisheries sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>Allowance made for the use of appropriate measures , including use of the safeguard measures in Article 25, where difficulties arise as a result of implementation of the agreement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Market Access Opportunities <ul><li>Duty free- quota free ( DFQF) for all agricultural products except rice and sugar from entry into force of Agreement. </li></ul><ul><li>Rice to enter DFQF from 1 January 2010. Tariff quota at zero rate of duty for 187, 000 tonnes of rice permitted in 2008 and 250, 000 in 2009. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Market Access Opportunities <ul><li>Sugar to enter DFQF from 1 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Sugar Protocol’ which determined formula for price and country supply allocations remain in force until September 30, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional allocation of 60, 000 tonnes of sugar for 2008/09 marketing year. </li></ul><ul><li>Bananas to enter duty-free quota free from date of entry into force of EPA. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Basic Rules of Origin <ul><li>Products must be either wholly obtained or sufficiently worked or processed consistent with conditions stated in Protocol 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Where the rules state that non-originating materials may not be used, such materials may be used if their total value is less than 15% of value of ex-works price of the product and/or percentages in list not exceeded. </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaustive list of operations which are considered insufficient working or processing. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Basic Rules of Origin <ul><li>Materials originating in the EC, OCTs or in other ACP States shall qualify as materials originating in CARIFORUM States when incorporated into a product obtained there. </li></ul><ul><li>At the request of CARIFORUM States, materials originating in neighbouring developing countries shall be considered as originating in a CARIFORUM State when incorporated in a product obtained there. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Limitation on Cumulation <ul><li>Rules permitting cumulation may not apply to products in Annex X until 2015, mainly: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar confectionary, with some exceptions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cocoa powder with specified sugar content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food preparations containing cocoa or sugar in specified amounts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee or tea preparations with some exceptions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List of products from South Africa excluded. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Wholly obtained Agricultural Products <ul><li>fruit and vegetables harvested there. </li></ul><ul><li>Live animals born and raised there. </li></ul><ul><li>Products from live animals raised there. </li></ul><ul><li>Products obtained by hunting or fishing conducted there; products of aquaculture , including mariculture, where the fish are born and raised there. </li></ul><ul><li>Products of sea fishing taken by EC/CARI vessels . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sufficiently worked or processed Agricultural Products. <ul><li>Refer to presentation on manufacturing for treatment of specific products in the rules of origin- </li></ul>
  13. 13. Development Co-operation <ul><li>Improvement in the competitiveness of potentially viable production: downstream processing; innovation, training, promotion of linkages; </li></ul><ul><li>Development of export marketing capabilities: market research; identification of options for the improvement of marketing infrastructure and transportation, and the identification of financing and cooperation options for producers and traders; </li></ul>
  14. 14. Development Co-operation <ul><li>Compliance with/ adoption of quality standards relating to food production and marketing: standards relating to environmentally and socially sound agricultural practices and organic and non-genetically modified foods; </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of private investment and public-private partnerships in potentially viable production; </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in ability of CARIFORUM operators to comply with national, regional and international technical, health and quality standards for fish and fish products; </li></ul>
  15. 15. ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE <ul><li>BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE AGREEMENT INCLUDING THE RULES OF ORIGIN FOR AGRICULTURAL AND FISHERIES PRODUCTS. </li></ul><ul><li>ARTICULATE DEMAND FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE ESPECIALLY IN THE AREAS IDENTIFIED FOR CO-OPERATION IN AGRICULTURE (article 43) </li></ul>
  16. 16. ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE <ul><li>UTILISE OPPORTUNITIES PROVIDED FROM PROVISION ON CUMULATION FROM EC, ACP AND NEIGBOURING COUNTRIES. </li></ul><ul><li>SEEK TECHNICAL/DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE TO MEET EC MARKET REQUIREMENTS: STANDARDS, TECHNICAL REGULATIONS, FOOD SAFETY REGULATIONS. </li></ul>
  17. 17. ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE <ul><li>FOCUS ON DEVELOPING AND MAINTAINING COMPETITIVENESS ON DOMESTIC, REGIONAL AND EXTERNAL MARKETS – BASED ON COST, EFFICIENCIES, QUALITY, MARKETING ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT BE LULLED INTO A FALSE SENSE OF SECURITY BY PROVISIONS PERTAINING TO EXCLUSIONS OR EXTENDED TIMEFRAMES FOR TARIFF REDUCTION. TARIFF MAY NOT BE THE MOST CRITICAL BARRIER. </li></ul>
  18. 18. ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Become familiar with the SPS and TBT Competent Authorities. They provide the relevant information about standards, regulations and other requirements for specific products. </li></ul>

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