Activating Benefits For The Epa   Agriculture
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Activating Benefits For The Epa Agriculture

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Activating the Benefits of EPA in the Agriculture Sector

Activating the Benefits of EPA in the Agriculture Sector

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    Activating Benefits For The Epa   Agriculture Activating Benefits For The Epa Agriculture Presentation Transcript

    • ACTIVATING BENEFITS OF THE EPA - AGRICULTURE
      • LEARN HOW THE EPA CAN WORK FOR YOU
      • Vincent J. Atkins, CRNM
    • What’s The Deal for Agriculture?
      • The EPA :
      • preserves Cotonou preferences for agricultural products.
      • Provides additional market access for products which did not enjoy duty free – quota free entry into the EC – sugar, rice, meat, most fruits and vegetables, processed foods.
    • What’s the Deal ?
      • Most sensitive agricultural products protected – list of products excluded from tariff liberalisation covering 75 % of agricultural imports from the EC.
      • Sensitive products subject to liberalisation over extensive periods of 10 years or more.
    • What’s the Deal ?
      • Provides for safeguard measures which takes into account the peculiarities of agricultural markets and trade.
      • Development assistance and co-operation.
      • Enhanced rules of origin with respect to Cumulation – benefits biscuits and bakery products, jams and jellies, fruit juices and other beverages.
    • Food Security
      • Acknowledgment that removal of barriers may pose challenges to CARIFORUM producers in agricultural, food and fisheries sectors.
      • Allowance made for the use of appropriate measures , including use of the safeguard measures in Article 25, where difficulties arise as a result of implementation of the agreement.
    • Market Access Opportunities
      • Duty free- quota free ( DFQF) for all agricultural products except rice and sugar from entry into force of Agreement.
      • Rice to enter DFQF from 1 January 2010. Tariff quota at zero rate of duty for 187, 000 tonnes of rice permitted in 2008 and 250, 000 in 2009.
    • Market Access Opportunities
      • Sugar to enter DFQF from 1 October 2009.
      • ‘ Sugar Protocol’ which determined formula for price and country supply allocations remain in force until September 30, 2009.
      • Additional allocation of 60, 000 tonnes of sugar for 2008/09 marketing year.
      • Bananas to enter duty-free quota free from date of entry into force of EPA.
    • Basic Rules of Origin
      • Products must be either wholly obtained or sufficiently worked or processed consistent with conditions stated in Protocol 1.
      • Where the rules state that non-originating materials may not be used, such materials may be used if their total value is less than 15% of value of ex-works price of the product and/or percentages in list not exceeded.
      • Exhaustive list of operations which are considered insufficient working or processing.
    • Basic Rules of Origin
      • Materials originating in the EC, OCTs or in other ACP States shall qualify as materials originating in CARIFORUM States when incorporated into a product obtained there.
      • At the request of CARIFORUM States, materials originating in neighbouring developing countries shall be considered as originating in a CARIFORUM State when incorporated in a product obtained there.
    • Limitation on Cumulation
      • Rules permitting cumulation may not apply to products in Annex X until 2015, mainly:
        • cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose.
        • Sugar confectionary, with some exceptions.
        • Cocoa powder with specified sugar content.
        • Food preparations containing cocoa or sugar in specified amounts.
        • Coffee or tea preparations with some exceptions.
        • List of products from South Africa excluded.
    • Wholly obtained Agricultural Products
      • fruit and vegetables harvested there.
      • Live animals born and raised there.
      • Products from live animals raised there.
      • Products obtained by hunting or fishing conducted there; products of aquaculture , including mariculture, where the fish are born and raised there.
      • Products of sea fishing taken by EC/CARI vessels .
    • Sufficiently worked or processed Agricultural Products.
      • Refer to presentation on manufacturing for treatment of specific products in the rules of origin-
    • Development Co-operation
      • Improvement in the competitiveness of potentially viable production: downstream processing; innovation, training, promotion of linkages;
      • Development of export marketing capabilities: market research; identification of options for the improvement of marketing infrastructure and transportation, and the identification of financing and cooperation options for producers and traders;
    • Development Co-operation
      • Compliance with/ adoption of quality standards relating to food production and marketing: standards relating to environmentally and socially sound agricultural practices and organic and non-genetically modified foods;
      • Promotion of private investment and public-private partnerships in potentially viable production;
      • Improvement in ability of CARIFORUM operators to comply with national, regional and international technical, health and quality standards for fish and fish products;
    • ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE
      • BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE AGREEMENT INCLUDING THE RULES OF ORIGIN FOR AGRICULTURAL AND FISHERIES PRODUCTS.
      • ARTICULATE DEMAND FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE ESPECIALLY IN THE AREAS IDENTIFIED FOR CO-OPERATION IN AGRICULTURE (article 43)
    • ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE
      • UTILISE OPPORTUNITIES PROVIDED FROM PROVISION ON CUMULATION FROM EC, ACP AND NEIGBOURING COUNTRIES.
      • SEEK TECHNICAL/DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE TO MEET EC MARKET REQUIREMENTS: STANDARDS, TECHNICAL REGULATIONS, FOOD SAFETY REGULATIONS.
    • ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE
      • FOCUS ON DEVELOPING AND MAINTAINING COMPETITIVENESS ON DOMESTIC, REGIONAL AND EXTERNAL MARKETS – BASED ON COST, EFFICIENCIES, QUALITY, MARKETING ETC.
      • DO NOT BE LULLED INTO A FALSE SENSE OF SECURITY BY PROVISIONS PERTAINING TO EXCLUSIONS OR EXTENDED TIMEFRAMES FOR TARIFF REDUCTION. TARIFF MAY NOT BE THE MOST CRITICAL BARRIER.
    • ACTIVATING EPA BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE
      • Become familiar with the SPS and TBT Competent Authorities. They provide the relevant information about standards, regulations and other requirements for specific products.