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Teoria de Calixta Roy

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Teoría de Calixta Roy

Teoría de Calixta Roy

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  • 1. Roy Adaptation Model By: Sathish Rajamani M.S c (N) Lecturer, BKIN – Daudhar.
  • 2. Humanism
    • Philosophy and psychology that recognizes the person and subjective dimensions of the human experience as central to knowing and valuing.
  • 3. Discuss the relationship of systems theory to Roy Model.
    • Based on assumptions of von Bertalanffy’s General Systems Theory
    • Based on assumptions of Helson’s Adaptation-Level theory
    • Humanism
    • Veritivity
  • 4. Veritivity
    • Principle of human nature that affirms a common purposefulness of human existence, activity and reactivity for the common good and value and meaning of life.
  • 5. Discuss the concepts of adaptation model.
    • Adaptive: Human system has the capacity to adjust effectively to changes in the environment and affects the environment. Promote survival, growth, reproduction & mastery.
  • 6. System
    • Set of parts connected to function as a whole for some purpose and through the interdependence of the parts. Input--Through put--Output--Feedback
  • 7.
    • Changing Point influenced by the demands of the situation and the person’s internal resources, including capabilities hopes, dreams, aspirations, motivations.
    • Represents the persons ability to respond.
    Adaptive Level
  • 8. Adaptive Level
    • The response (output) or behavior is a function of the input stimuli and the adaptation level.
    • It is adaptive or ineffective.
  • 9. Identify the environment as a significant concept of adaptation.
    • Stimuli are environmental influences.
    • 3 type: focal contextual, or residual.
  • 10. Focal Stimuli
    • Internal or external stimulus most immediately confronting the person
  • 11. Contextual Stimuli
    • All other stimuli present that contribute to the focal stimuli.
    • Influence how the person can deal with the focal stimulus.
  • 12. Contextual Stimuli
  • 13. Residual Stimuli
    • Factors whose effect in the current situation is unclear.
    • No clear data.
    • Based on theory or experience of the nurse.
  • 14. Residual Stimuli ? ? ? ? ? ?
  • 15. Coping Mechanisms
    • Innate or acquired ways of responding to the changing environment.
    • Innate are genetically determined or common to the species and automatic processes.
    • Acquired are developed through learning and other process.
  • 16. Coping Mechanisms
    • Regulator
  • 17. Regulator Subsystem
    • Automatic responses through neural, chemical and endocrine coping processes.
  • 18. Coping Mechanisms
    • Regulator
    • Cognator
  • 19. Cognator Subsystem
    • Perceptual/information processing, learning, judgment, and emotion
  • 20. Perceptual/information Processing Examples:
    • Selective Attention
    • Coding
    • Memory
  • 21. Learning
    • Imitation
    • Reinforcement
    • Insight
  • 22. Emotion
    • Defenses are used to seek relief from anxiety
  • 23. Emotion
    • Make affective appraisal and attachments.
  • 24. Identify the modes & submodes of the Roy Adaptation Model
    • Adaptive Modes--Behaviors
      • Physiological
      • Self-concept
      • Role function
      • Interdependence
  • 25. Physiological-Physical Mode Needs of physiological integrity
    • Oxygenation
    • Nutrition
    • Elimination
    • Activity & Rest
    • Protection
    • Senses
    • Fluid, electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
    • Neurologic Function
    • Endocrine Function
  • 26. Self-Concept Mode
    • Psychological and spiritual aspects of the person.
    • Need for psychic integrity
  • 27. Self-concept
    • Composite of beliefs and feelings that a person holds about him or herself at a given time.
  • 28. Self Concept
    • Physical Self
      • Body Sensations
      • Body Image
  • 29. Self Concept
    • Personal Self
      • Self-consistency
      • Self-ideal
      • Moral-ethical-spiritual self
  • 30. Role Function Mode
    • Role is a set of expectations about another
    • Need for social integrity
    • Role classification: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
  • 31. Role Function Behaviors
    • Instrumental (task)
    • Expressive (emotional)
  • 32. Interdependence Mode
    • Interactions related to the giving and receiving of love, respect, and value.
    • Need is for affectional adequacy.
  • 33. Interdependence Behaviors
    • Receptive
    • Contributive
  • 34. Behaviors
    • Adaptive
    • Ineffective
  • 35. Identify the goal of nursing according to Roy
    • Promote ADAPTATION in each of the four modes.
  • 36. Discuss the nursing activities in the Roy Adaptation Model
    • What affects adaptation behavior?
    • Stimuli
    • If you want to change behavior, change stimuli.

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