BRIEF BIOGRAPHYBorn Baptized 26 April 1564 (birth date unknown)Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, EnglandDied 23 April 1616 (aged 52)Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, EnglandEDUCATIONOccupationKings New SchoolPlaywright, poet, actorNationality EnglishPeriod English RenaissanceSpouse(s) Anne Hathaway (m. 1582–1616)Children Susanna HallHamnet ShakespeareJudith QuineyRelative(s) John Shakespeare (father)Mary Shakespeare (mother)
Hamlet:To be, or not to be, that is the question:Whether tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,Or to take arms against a sea of troublesAnd by opposing end them. To die—to sleep,No more; and by a sleep to say we endThe heart-ache and the thousand natural shocksThat flesh is heir to: tis a consummationDevoutly to be wishd. To die, to sleep;
WorksComediesMain article: ShakespeareancomedyAlls Well That Ends Well ‡As You Like ItThe Comedy of ErrorsLoves Labours LostMeasure for Measure ‡The Merchant of VeniceThe Merry Wives of WindsorA Midsummer Nights DreamMuch Ado About NothingPericles, Prince of Tyre *†The Taming of the ShrewThe Tempest *Twelfth NightThe Two Gentlemen of VeronaThe Two Noble Kinsmen *†The Winters Tale *HistoriesMain article: ShakespeareanhistoryKing JohnRichard IIHenry IV, Part 1Henry IV, Part 2Henry VHenry VI, Part 1 †Henry VI, Part 2Henry VI, Part 3Richard IIIHenry VIII †
WORKS• Tragedies• Main article: Shakespearean tragedy• Romeo and Juliet• Coriolanus• Titus Andronicus †• Timon of Athens †• Julius Caesar• Macbeth †• Hamlet• Troilus and Cressida ‡• King Lear• Othello• Antony and Cleopatra• Cymbeline *
WORKSPoemsShakespeares sonnetsVenus and AdonisThe Rape of LucreceThe Passionate Pilgrim[nb 5]The Phoenix and the TurtleA Lovers ComplaintLost playsLoves Labours WonThe History of Cardenio †ApocryphaMain article: ShakespeareApocryphaArden of FavershamThe Birth of MerlinEdward IIILocrineThe London ProdigalThe PuritanThe Second Maidens TragedySir John OldcastleThomas Lord CromwellA Yorkshire TragedySir Thomas More
SOME QUOTESLear:"Nothing can come of nothing:speak again."• King Lear (I, i, 92)• Hero:"Some Cupid kills with arrows, some withtraps."• Much Ado About Nothing (III, i, 106)
• Lorenzo:"The man that hath no music in himself,Nor is not movd with concord of sweet sounds,Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils."The Merchant of Venice (V, i, 83-85)• Ophelia:O, what a noble mind is here oerthrown!Thecourtiers, soldiers, scholars, eye, tongue, sword,Th expectation and rose of the fair state,The glass of fashion and the mould of form,Th observd of all observers, quite, quite down!Hamlet, Act 3, scene 1, 150–154
THE THEATRE IN HIS TIME The public theatres were three stories high, They were built around an open space at thecentre, usually polygonal. They had three levels of inward-facing galleriesfor the audience. They were usually built of timber, lath andplaster and with thatched roofs, The early theatres were vulnerable to fire sothey were replaced with stronger structures.
Performances The acting companies functioned on a repertory system; The company played six days a week, They performed 23 different plays, some only once, They never played the same play two days in a row, andrarely the same play twice in a week. The companies included only males and female partswere played by adolescent boy players in womenscostume. Costumes were often bright in color and expensive.