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  • 1. The Literature Review
    Guidelines for Success
    Adapted from a presentation by Eleanor Smith of North Carolina State University and from the book Writing Literature Reviews by Jose L. Galvan
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 2. What is a Literature Review?
    A literature review
    Surveys scholarly sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory
    Provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work
    Offers an overview of significant literature published on a topic
    (from http://writingalitreview.pbwiki.com/What-a-Literature-Review-IS-and-IS-NOT)
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 3. Digging Into the Literature
    =
    Major works
    B
    C
    A
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 4. Digging Into the Literature
    Major works
    =
    Studies that rely on
    the major works
    =
    B
    C
    A
    D
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 5. Digging Into the Literature
    Major works
    =
    Studies that build on
    Ideas in major works
    =
    =
    B
    New major work
    C
    A
    D
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 6. Digging Into the Literature
    Major works
    =
    Studies that build on
    Ideas in major works
    =
    =
    B
    New major work
    C
    A
    D
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 7. Guideline 1: Identify the problem but avoid global statements
    Nursing education is important to both the health care system in the United States and to health world-wide. Without a high quality education nurses will be unprepared for the next millennium.
    OR
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 8. Guideline 1: Identify the problem but avoid global statements
    The infusion of critical thinking skills in nursing education has been a worldwide quest of nurse educators to ensure quality improvement and quality assurance in practice. There is a great need for facilitation of critical thinking in the preparation and assessment of nurse learners to care for patients with complex culturally diverse health care needs and their families.1
    1Excerpt from MM Chibeli, Facilitating critical thinking within the nursing process framework: a literature review, Health SA Gesondheid, Volume 12, Issue 4, December 2007, pgs. 69-89
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 9. Guideline 2: Indicate why particular studies are important
    It represented a critical turning point in the development of research in that field
    It launched a new research methodology
    Example: According to the most comprehensive study to date (Jones, 2005), based on comparative analysis of programs in 10 states…
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 10. Guideline 3: Be specific when discussing time frames
    Avoid using phrases like “In recent years there has been an increased interest in…”
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 11. Guideline 3: Be specific when discussing time frames
    Example: Health promotion programs for employees have been studied extensively. However, most published studies have examined the effects of health promotion programs in large corporations, with fewer studies of smaller companies (Pelletier, 2005). Executives realize the importance of reducing health care costs to improve their financial outlook and often recognize the positive effects health promotion programs can have on absenteeism, employee turnover, and general job satisfaction (Goetzel, Ozminkowski, Asciutto, Chouinard, & Barrett, 2001). 2
    2 L. Johnson and S.A. Denham, " Structuring successful interventions in employee health programs." AAOHN Journal Volume 56, Issue 6, pgs. 231-40
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 12. Guideline 4: If citing a ground-breaking study identify it as such
    Example: “The first content analysis (emphasis added) of gender biases in magazine advertisements was published by Courteny and Lockerretz (1971). Those authors found that magazine advertisements reflected four general stereotypes…” 3
    3D. Neptune and S. Plous, “Racial and gender biases in magazine advertising.” Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21. pgs. 627-44.
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 13. Guideline 5: Discuss other literature reviews on your topic
    If you find another literature review on your topic, ask yourself these questions:
    How is the other review different?
    What benefits will readers gain by reading it?
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 14. Guideline 6: Justify assertions such as “no studies were found”
    “Gaps” in the research do occur, but also tell the reader the following:
    where you searched, i.e. what databases you looked at
    What parameters like dates you used in your searches
    Tell the reader that you found a gap based on your specific research strategy
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 15. Guideline 7: Avoid lengthy lists of general references
    Compare these two versions:
    Numerous writers have indicated that children in single-parent households are at greater risk for academic underachievement than children form two-parent households (Smith, 1991, Jones, 1987, Roberts, 1997, Berry, 2000, Strauss, 2001, Johnson, 2003, Edwards, 2005, Robinson, 2006).
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 16. Guideline 7: Avoid lengthy lists of general references
    Compare these two versions:
    Numerous writers have suggested that children in single-parent households are at greater risk for academic underachievement than children form two-parent households (see, for example, Smith, 1991, and Jones, 1987). Three recent studies have provided strong empirical support for this contention (Johnson, 2003, Edwards, 2005, Robinson, 2006). Of these, the study by Edwards is the strongest because it used a country-wide sample…
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 17. Guideline 8: Cite results that are contradictory separately
    Sometimes studies on the same topic produce contradictory results. Compare the two examples and think about which one is a better way to cite conflicting results:
    Previous studies have found anywhere from 40% (Ross, 1999, Smith, 2002 ) to 70% (Jones, 2004, Bradshaw, 2006 )of college students have reported downloading copyright-protected material from the web.
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 18. Guideline 8: Cite results that are contradictory separately
    Previous studies have found anywhere from 40% to 70% of college students have reported downloading copyright-protected material from the web (Ross, 1999, Smith, 2002, Jones, 2004, Bradshaw, 2006).
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx
  • 19. Resources
    Check the library’s wiki on writing a literature review at www.writingalitreview.pbwiki.com
    You can find this presentation there and the wiki is updated frequently, so check back often for the most current information
    LD U:LibraryLiterature ReviewWriting a Literature Review.pptx