Television Sitcoms Audience
Learning Outcomes <ul><li>To understand the definition  </li></ul><ul><li>of the terms ‘Uses and  </li></ul><ul><li>Gratif...
Exam Structure <ul><li>Question 2 – covers the Key Concept of Audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How is humour used? </li></ul...
Starter <ul><li>Why do we find sitcoms  </li></ul><ul><li>funny? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we laugh at? </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Verbal humour – puns, wit, sarcasm, jokes, distinctive voices  </li></ul><ul><li>Physical humour – mannerisms, fac...
<ul><li>Escapism </li></ul><ul><li>Diversion </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>The implied ‘normal’ </li><...
Information <ul><li>find out about relevant events in  </li></ul><ul><li>immediate surroundings e.g. society  </li></ul><u...
Personal Identity <ul><li>find reinforcement for personal values  </li></ul><ul><li>find models of behaviour.  Sitcoms act...
Social Interaction <ul><li>social empathy </li></ul><ul><li>identify with others and gain a sense of belonging; nurture co...
Task <ul><li>Watch the following episode of the 1970s British sitcom ‘Fawlty Towers’ </li></ul><ul><li>What are the codes ...
Question <ul><li>Using two sitcoms that you have seen, discuss the use of humour.  Do you think that it has changed over t...
Review <ul><li>This lesson I have learned… </li></ul><ul><li>I still need to know… </li></ul>
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Audience uses and gratifications

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Audience uses and gratifications

  1. 1. Television Sitcoms Audience
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes <ul><li>To understand the definition </li></ul><ul><li>of the terms ‘Uses and </li></ul><ul><li>Gratifications’ </li></ul><ul><li>Be familiar with the types of </li></ul><ul><li>humour used in television sitcom </li></ul>
  3. 3. Exam Structure <ul><li>Question 2 – covers the Key Concept of Audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How is humour used? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What makes people laugh? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How has humour changed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on at least 3 sitcoms </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Starter <ul><li>Why do we find sitcoms </li></ul><ul><li>funny? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we laugh at? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we watch them? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Verbal humour – puns, wit, sarcasm, jokes, distinctive voices </li></ul><ul><li>Physical humour – mannerisms, facial expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh at someone – makes us feel superior </li></ul><ul><li>Reassured by canned laughter; we laugh along with others </li></ul><ul><li>We remember and expect </li></ul><ul><li>catchphrases </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic irony – audience in a </li></ul><ul><li>unique position </li></ul><ul><li>Comic surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Characters speak directly to us and </li></ul><ul><li>involve us (The Office, Hancock’s Half Hour) </li></ul><ul><li>Simple characters that we get to know and like </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypes e.g. Joey, Trigger </li></ul><ul><li>Character traits or eccentricities </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Escapism </li></ul><ul><li>Diversion </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>The implied ‘normal’ </li></ul><ul><li>Reassurance and community </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxing </li></ul><ul><li>Get cultural or aesthetic enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>Fill time </li></ul>Entertainment
  7. 7. Information <ul><li>find out about relevant events in </li></ul><ul><li>immediate surroundings e.g. society </li></ul><ul><li>seek advice on practical matters or opinion and decision </li></ul><ul><li>satisfy curiosity and general interest </li></ul><ul><li>Learn - self-education; guidance </li></ul>
  8. 8. Personal Identity <ul><li>find reinforcement for personal values </li></ul><ul><li>find models of behaviour. Sitcoms act as ‘gatekeepers’ playing a role in defining the development of styles e.g. sayings or haircuts (Friends) </li></ul><ul><li>identify with valued other (in the media) </li></ul><ul><li>gain insight into one's self </li></ul>
  9. 9. Social Interaction <ul><li>social empathy </li></ul><ul><li>identify with others and gain a sense of belonging; nurture collective ‘Gang’ or community (part of family or friends) </li></ul><ul><li>find a basis for conversation and social interaction </li></ul><ul><li>have a substitute for real-life companionship </li></ul><ul><li>enable one to connect with family, friends and society </li></ul>
  10. 10. Task <ul><li>Watch the following episode of the 1970s British sitcom ‘Fawlty Towers’ </li></ul><ul><li>What are the codes and conventions present? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we know that it is a sitcom? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we laugh at/with? Think about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Themes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humour </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Question <ul><li>Using two sitcoms that you have seen, discuss the use of humour. Do you think that it has changed over the years? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Review <ul><li>This lesson I have learned… </li></ul><ul><li>I still need to know… </li></ul>

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