Teaching englishtoyounglearners


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Teaching englishtoyounglearners

  1. 1. Teaching English to Young Learners Ages 6-10 years Teaching English to early elementary students is about play and having fun.
  2. 2. Early Elementary Students <ul><li>Use games, chants and rhymes, and songs and dance to introduce, practice or reinforce learning in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Children need to be actively involved with a hands-on approach </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Elementary Students <ul><li>Remember that younger children have a short attention span so change the activity before they get bored and off track </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In other words, keep things moving </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Young Learners <ul><li>Students learn when they can relate new information to their own previous experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Students create their own meaning of the material </li></ul><ul><li>This creates a better way to remember what they are learning </li></ul>
  5. 5. Activities <ul><li>Engaging and fun activities include: </li></ul><ul><li>Playing games </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing and arts and crafts </li></ul><ul><li>Story telling and acting </li></ul><ul><li>Reciting poems </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythms and rhymes </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing and writing, for example hangman and crosswords to practice different parts of speech </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pattern Practice/Context <ul><li>Children learn language through pattern practice, review and reinforcement and not through grammar that is presented in a logical way </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to pattern practice, language should also be presented in a context </li></ul>
  7. 7. Activities <ul><li>Topics for classroom activities include: </li></ul><ul><li>At School; days, months, directions, asking permission, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes and Colors </li></ul><ul><li>Time and Place </li></ul><ul><li>Describing People </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Drink </li></ul>
  8. 8. Activities Continued <ul><li>Families and Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Occupations and Nationalities </li></ul><ul><li>Asking questions such as When and Where </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children are familiar with these topics in their first language and therefore they will be more easily integrated into second language acquisition </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Middle School/ Young Adolescent ages 11-16 years <ul><li>From the ages of 11 – 16, students practice written as well as oral communication </li></ul><ul><li>At this stage of their development there will be more emphasis on reading and writing </li></ul><ul><li>Students have the capacity to practice grammar in a logical way and to develop writing skills </li></ul>
  10. 10. Middle School/Young Adolescent <ul><li>They are capable of learning to communicate about themselves and their families, about feelings and special interests </li></ul><ul><li>At this point students are ready to broaden their vocabulary and to learn to listen critically </li></ul><ul><li>This will enable them to express their own point of view during class discussions </li></ul>
  11. 11. Middle School/Young Adolescent <ul><li>Students enjoy authentic material in its original form, not simplified or abridged </li></ul><ul><li>Reading newspapers, comic strips, novels and poetry will give practice in comprehension skills which include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to determine the meaning of words and phrases </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Comprehension Skills <ul><ul><li>The ability to determine the meaning of words and phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading to find answers to questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying the elements of a story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizing a written text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparing and contrasting 2 or more texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing the ability to infer and predict </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Reading <ul><li>Reading helps promote the ability to write and the two skills go hand in hand </li></ul><ul><li>As students at this age are already grounded in their first language, they are more capable of acquiring skills in written as well as oral English </li></ul>
  14. 14. Skills for writing include: <ul><li>Correct use of vocabulary and spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of sentences and phrases that flow </li></ul><ul><li>Arrangement of sentences in proper sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Use of effective dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Written report or a descriptive piece </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>For the young learning comes naturally. Normally children are energetic and eager to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Children are generally more accepting of differences in a second language </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation seems to come easily in most cases </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching English no matter what the age of the students includes the same challenges and rewards encountered by teachers everywhere </li></ul>