Teaching englishtoyounglearners

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  • 1. Teaching English to Young Learners Ages 6-10 years Teaching English to early elementary students is about play and having fun.
  • 2. Early Elementary Students
    • Use games, chants and rhymes, and songs and dance to introduce, practice or reinforce learning in the classroom
    • Children need to be actively involved with a hands-on approach
  • 3. Early Elementary Students
    • Remember that younger children have a short attention span so change the activity before they get bored and off track
      • In other words, keep things moving
  • 4. Young Learners
    • Students learn when they can relate new information to their own previous experiences
    • Students create their own meaning of the material
    • This creates a better way to remember what they are learning
  • 5. Activities
    • Engaging and fun activities include:
    • Playing games
    • Drawing and arts and crafts
    • Story telling and acting
    • Reciting poems
    • Rhythms and rhymes
    • Drawing and writing, for example hangman and crosswords to practice different parts of speech
  • 6. Pattern Practice/Context
    • Children learn language through pattern practice, review and reinforcement and not through grammar that is presented in a logical way
    • In addition to pattern practice, language should also be presented in a context
  • 7. Activities
    • Topics for classroom activities include:
    • At School; days, months, directions, asking permission, etc.
    • Clothes and Colors
    • Time and Place
    • Describing People
    • Food and Drink
  • 8. Activities Continued
    • Families and Homes
    • Occupations and Nationalities
    • Asking questions such as When and Where
      • Children are familiar with these topics in their first language and therefore they will be more easily integrated into second language acquisition
  • 9. Middle School/ Young Adolescent ages 11-16 years
    • From the ages of 11 – 16, students practice written as well as oral communication
    • At this stage of their development there will be more emphasis on reading and writing
    • Students have the capacity to practice grammar in a logical way and to develop writing skills
  • 10. Middle School/Young Adolescent
    • They are capable of learning to communicate about themselves and their families, about feelings and special interests
    • At this point students are ready to broaden their vocabulary and to learn to listen critically
    • This will enable them to express their own point of view during class discussions
  • 11. Middle School/Young Adolescent
    • Students enjoy authentic material in its original form, not simplified or abridged
    • Reading newspapers, comic strips, novels and poetry will give practice in comprehension skills which include:
      • The ability to determine the meaning of words and phrases
  • 12. Comprehension Skills
      • The ability to determine the meaning of words and phrases
      • Reading to find answers to questions
      • Identifying the elements of a story
      • Summarizing a written text
      • Comparing and contrasting 2 or more texts
      • Developing the ability to infer and predict
  • 13. Reading
    • Reading helps promote the ability to write and the two skills go hand in hand
    • As students at this age are already grounded in their first language, they are more capable of acquiring skills in written as well as oral English
  • 14. Skills for writing include:
    • Correct use of vocabulary and spelling
    • Creation of sentences and phrases that flow
    • Arrangement of sentences in proper sequence
    • Use of effective dialogue
    • Written report or a descriptive piece
  • 15. Conclusion
    • For the young learning comes naturally. Normally children are energetic and eager to learn
    • Children are generally more accepting of differences in a second language
    • Pronunciation seems to come easily in most cases
    • Teaching English no matter what the age of the students includes the same challenges and rewards encountered by teachers everywhere