Lesson planning

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  • Goals determine the purpose of the lesson and determine how students will be engaged during class time. Previous plans and activities: what did you do last week etc…
  • Lesson planning

    1. 1. Lesson Planning By Danielle Khoury
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Effective teachers plan for productive use of their instructional time. Teachers at every level prepare plans that help them organize and deliver their daily lessons. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers need to make wise decisions about the strategies and methods they will employ. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This provides the direction to go to achieve the selected objectives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing daily lesson plans is a large part of being organized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It provides a guide for managing the learning environment. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Following are the main categories for planning a lesson: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prerequisites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lesson Description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lesson Procedure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment/Evaluation </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Goals <ul><li>Goals determine: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose of the lesson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How students will engage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We need to think about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Previous plans and activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broader objectives of the unit plan or curriculum as well as the goals for this unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future activities and new knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central objective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What will students be able to do by the end of this lesson? </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Objectives <ul><li>Focus on what your students will do to acquire further knowledge and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Questions to ask include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What will students be able to do during this lesson? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under what conditions will students' performance be accomplished? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will you judge if the objectives have been met? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will students demonstrate that they have learned and understood the objectives of the lesson? </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Prerequisites <ul><li>Make sure students are ready to meet the lesson’s objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Check on their prior knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Questions include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What must students already be able to do before this lesson? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What concepts have to be mastered in advance to accomplish the lesson objectives? </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Materials <ul><li>Determine necessary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources/materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Books, equipment, etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Helpful questions to ask are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What materials will be needed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What needs to be prepared in advance? </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Lesson Description <ul><li>This provides a general overview of the lesson in terms of the topic, activities, and purpose </li></ul><ul><li>It is helpful to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What level of learning is covered by this lesson plan? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Think of Bloom's Taxonomy: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, or evaluation </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Lesson Procedure <ul><li>Detailed, step-by-step description </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to achieve your objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to proceed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus on what the teacher should have students do during the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>This section is divided into several components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closure </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Lesson Procedure: Introduction <ul><li>How will you introduce the ideas and objectives of this lesson? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you get students' attention and motivate them in order to hold their attention? </li></ul>
    11. 11. Lesson Procedure: Main Activity <ul><li>What is the focus of the lesson? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the teacher do to facilitate learning and manage the various activities? </li></ul><ul><li>How can this material be presented so that each student will benefit from the learning experience? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Lesson Procedure: Closure/Conclusion <ul><li>How will you draw the ideas together for students at the end of the lesson? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you provide feedback to students to correct their misunderstandings and reinforce their learning? </li></ul>
    13. 13. Follow up Lessons/Activities <ul><li>What lessons might follow as a result of this lesson? </li></ul>
    14. 14. Assessment/Evaluation <ul><li>How will you evaluate the objectives that were identified? </li></ul><ul><li>Have students practiced what you are asking them to do for evaluation? </li></ul>
    15. 15. Assessment/Evaluation <ul><li>The elements of your lesson plan should be thought of as guiding principles and should allow for flexible delivery </li></ul><ul><li>During actual classroom interaction, the instructor needs to make adaptations and to add artistry to each lesson plan and classroom delivery </li></ul>
    16. 16. Works Cited: <ul><li>This guide was written by Manal El-Tigi, Ph.D., Department of Instructional Design, Development, and Evaluation - Syracuse University.  She was one of the principal editors and reviewers of the AskERIC Lesson Plan Collection from 1996 - 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eduref.org/Virtual/Lessons/Guide.shtml </li></ul>

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