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Lesson planning

Lesson planning






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  • Goals determine the purpose of the lesson and determine how students will be engaged during class time. Previous plans and activities: what did you do last week etc…

Lesson planning Lesson planning Presentation Transcript

  • Lesson Planning By Danielle Khoury
  • Introduction
    • Effective teachers plan for productive use of their instructional time. Teachers at every level prepare plans that help them organize and deliver their daily lessons.
    • Teachers need to make wise decisions about the strategies and methods they will employ.
      • This provides the direction to go to achieve the selected objectives.
      • Writing daily lesson plans is a large part of being organized
      • It provides a guide for managing the learning environment.
  • Introduction
    • Following are the main categories for planning a lesson:
      • Goals
      • Objectives
      • Prerequisites
      • Materials
      • Lesson Description
      • Lesson Procedure
      • Assessment/Evaluation
  • Goals
    • Goals determine:
      • Purpose of the lesson
      • How students will engage
    • We need to think about:
      • Previous plans and activities
      • Broader objectives of the unit plan or curriculum as well as the goals for this unit
      • Future activities and new knowledge
    • Central objective:
      • What will students be able to do by the end of this lesson?
  • Objectives
    • Focus on what your students will do to acquire further knowledge and skills
    • Questions to ask include:
      • What will students be able to do during this lesson?
      • Under what conditions will students' performance be accomplished?
      • How will you judge if the objectives have been met?
      • How will students demonstrate that they have learned and understood the objectives of the lesson?
  • Prerequisites
    • Make sure students are ready to meet the lesson’s objectives
    • Check on their prior knowledge
    • Questions include:
      • What must students already be able to do before this lesson?
      • What concepts have to be mastered in advance to accomplish the lesson objectives?
  • Materials
    • Determine necessary:
      • Preparation time
      • Resources/materials
        • Books, equipment, etc
    • Helpful questions to ask are:
      • What materials will be needed?
      • What needs to be prepared in advance?
  • Lesson Description
    • This provides a general overview of the lesson in terms of the topic, activities, and purpose
    • It is helpful to consider:
      • What level of learning is covered by this lesson plan?
        • Think of Bloom's Taxonomy: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, or evaluation
  • Lesson Procedure
    • Detailed, step-by-step description
      • How to achieve your objectives
      • How to proceed
    • Focus on what the teacher should have students do during the lesson
    • This section is divided into several components:
      • Introduction
      • Main activity
      • Closure
  • Lesson Procedure: Introduction
    • How will you introduce the ideas and objectives of this lesson?
    • How will you get students' attention and motivate them in order to hold their attention?
  • Lesson Procedure: Main Activity
    • What is the focus of the lesson?
    • What does the teacher do to facilitate learning and manage the various activities?
    • How can this material be presented so that each student will benefit from the learning experience?
  • Lesson Procedure: Closure/Conclusion
    • How will you draw the ideas together for students at the end of the lesson?
    • How will you provide feedback to students to correct their misunderstandings and reinforce their learning?
  • Follow up Lessons/Activities
    • What lessons might follow as a result of this lesson?
  • Assessment/Evaluation
    • How will you evaluate the objectives that were identified?
    • Have students practiced what you are asking them to do for evaluation?
  • Assessment/Evaluation
    • The elements of your lesson plan should be thought of as guiding principles and should allow for flexible delivery
    • During actual classroom interaction, the instructor needs to make adaptations and to add artistry to each lesson plan and classroom delivery
  • Works Cited:
    • This guide was written by Manal El-Tigi, Ph.D., Department of Instructional Design, Development, and Evaluation - Syracuse University.  She was one of the principal editors and reviewers of the AskERIC Lesson Plan Collection from 1996 - 2000.
    • http://www.eduref.org/Virtual/Lessons/Guide.shtml