Effective teachers plan for productive use of their instructional time. Teachers at every level prepare plans that help them organize and deliver their daily lessons.
Teachers need to make wise decisions about the strategies and methods they will employ.
This provides the direction to go to achieve the selected objectives.
Writing daily lesson plans is a large part of being organized
It provides a guide for managing the learning environment.
Following are the main categories for planning a lesson:
Purpose of the lesson
How students will engage
We need to think about:
Previous plans and activities
Broader objectives of the unit plan or curriculum as well as the goals for this unit
Future activities and new knowledge
What will students be able to do by the end of this lesson?
Focus on what your students will do to acquire further knowledge and skills
Questions to ask include:
What will students be able to do during this lesson?
Under what conditions will students' performance be accomplished?
How will you judge if the objectives have been met?
How will students demonstrate that they have learned and understood the objectives of the lesson?
Make sure students are ready to meet the lesson’s objectives
Check on their prior knowledge
What must students already be able to do before this lesson?
What concepts have to be mastered in advance to accomplish the lesson objectives?
Books, equipment, etc
Helpful questions to ask are:
What materials will be needed?
What needs to be prepared in advance?
This provides a general overview of the lesson in terms of the topic, activities, and purpose
It is helpful to consider:
What level of learning is covered by this lesson plan?
Think of Bloom's Taxonomy: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, or evaluation
Detailed, step-by-step description
How to achieve your objectives
How to proceed
Focus on what the teacher should have students do during the lesson
This section is divided into several components:
Lesson Procedure: Introduction
How will you introduce the ideas and objectives of this lesson?
How will you get students' attention and motivate them in order to hold their attention?
Lesson Procedure: Main Activity
What is the focus of the lesson?
What does the teacher do to facilitate learning and manage the various activities?
How can this material be presented so that each student will benefit from the learning experience?
Lesson Procedure: Closure/Conclusion
How will you draw the ideas together for students at the end of the lesson?
How will you provide feedback to students to correct their misunderstandings and reinforce their learning?
Follow up Lessons/Activities
What lessons might follow as a result of this lesson?
How will you evaluate the objectives that were identified?
Have students practiced what you are asking them to do for evaluation?
The elements of your lesson plan should be thought of as guiding principles and should allow for flexible delivery
During actual classroom interaction, the instructor needs to make adaptations and to add artistry to each lesson plan and classroom delivery
This guide was written by Manal El-Tigi, Ph.D., Department of Instructional Design, Development, and Evaluation - Syracuse University. She was one of the principal editors and reviewers of the AskERIC Lesson Plan Collection from 1996 - 2000.