english grammar

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english grammar

  1. 1. BE THE TEACHER Brainstorm in your group to design a course to teach basic English to students in need of quality education B3/Group 4
  2. 2. ENGLISH ENGLISH IS A WEST GERNAMIC LANGUAGE THAT WAS FIRST SPOKEN IN THE EARLY MEDIEVAL ENGLAND AND IS NOW A GLOBAL LINGUA FRANCA.
  3. 3. LETS FOCUS OUR PROJECT FOCUSED ON 4 DIFFERENT PARTS ON THE LANGUAGE. THEY ARE:  GRAMMAR  READING SKILLS  SPEAKING SKILLS  WRITING SKILLS
  4. 4. TOPICS COVERED • ALPHABETS • VOWELS & CONSONANTS • USE OF A/AN • PARTS OF SPEECH • NOUNS • PRONOUNS • VERBS • PREPOSITIONS
  5. 5. WORK PROCESS • All the students were provided with course material and work sheets on each topic. • At the end of each day the students were told to prepare a composition on myself using tools of grammar taught on that day • At the end of the five day workshop they were told to prepare a myself comprising of 150 words using all the parts of speech taught in the five days workshop.
  6. 6. Reading skills enable readers to turn writing into meaning and achieve the goals of comprehension and fluency.
  7. 7. Many people have trouble with reading. Reading is hard for some people and it can take time. Reading is a process of the brain where you look at symbols on a page, and your mind sees the patterns of characters and understands the meaning in them. If you develop good reading skills, it'll be very helpful to your future.
  8. 8. DAY 1  What aren’t we able to converse in English? Why we hesitate?  How to improve public speaking skills?  The need of having good speaking skills in today’s world?  Speech on Myself
  9. 9. DAY 21. STARTING A CONVERSATION Each of these questions help to begin or continue a conversation. The questions are in two categories: Basic Facts and Hobbies / Free Time. There are also a number of questions that can help us to continue the conversation after the first question. Five Basic Facts These five questions will help you get to know people. They are simple questions with simple answers and provide information so you can ask more questions. What is your name? Where do you live? What do you do? Where are you from? Hobbies / Free Time These questions will help you continue conversations and find out more about people's likes and dislikes. What do you like doing in your free time? Can you play tennis / golf / soccer / etc.? What kind of films / food / vacations do you enjoy? What do you do on weekends / Saturdays?
  10. 10. 2. INTRODUCING YOURSELF Use this role play to practice introducing yourself. Introductions 1. Hello. My name's Peter. What's your name? 2. Janet. 3. Where are you from Janet? 4. I'm from Seattle. Where are you from? 5. I'm from Madrid. 6. Are you American? 7. Yes, I am. Are you Spanish? 8. Yes I am.  Key Vocabulary My name is... What's (is) your name ... Where are you from? I'm from... Are you (Spanish, American, German, etc.)
  11. 11. DAY 31. GETTING PEOPLE”S ATTENTION  It's common to use 'Excuse me, ...' to get someone's attention in English. Another, more formal form is 'I beg your pardon ...'  Example Dialogues  Person 1: Excuse me, do you know what time it is? Person 2: Yes, it's two o'clock.  Person 1: I beg your pardon. Would you mind helping me a moment? Person 2: Certainly. What can I do to help?  Sometimes, if a situation is more urgent, we use forms that might be considered rude in other less urgent situations. The most common of these forms is the imperative. The imperative form is also commonly used to give directions or commands, but in a dangerous situation can be used to warn.  Verb + Objects + !  Watch out! Be careful! Pay attention to what you are doing!
  12. 12. 2. EXPRESSING SYMPATHY  Sometimes bad things happen. When we hear about bad things that happen to other people it's a good idea to express sympathy. This can be difficult as we want to express our concern, but don't want to be intrusive. Here are some common phrase to help you express sympathy.  I'm sorry to hear about ... Please accept my condolences. (used when someone close to another has died) That's so sad. I hope things get better soon. I hope you feel better soon.  Example Dialogues  Person 1: I've been rather sick lately. Person 2: I hope you feel better soon.  Person 1: Tim has been having a lot of troubles lately. I think he might be getting a divorce. Person 2: I'm sorry to hear about Tim's problems. I hoe things get better for him soon.  It's also common to express sympathy in writing. Here are some common phrases you can use when writing a sympathy note to someone. Notice that is common to use the plural 'we' and 'our' when expressing written sympathy as a way to express that a family  My heartfelt condolences on your loss. Our thoughts are with you. She/he was a lot of things to many people and will be missed tremendously. Thinking of you in your time of loss. We are very saddened to hear of your loss. With deepest sympathies.
  13. 13. 4. APPLOLOGIZING  It's common to use 'Excuse me, ...' before interrupting someone to ask for something in English.Another, more formal form is 'I beg your pardon ...' Example Dialogues  Person 1: Excuse me, do you know what time it is? Person 2:Yes, it's two o'clock.  Person 1: I beg your pardon. Would you mind helping me a moment? Person 2: Certainly.What can I do to help?  In these cases, people are asking for help but begin the conversation by apologizing. If you would like to apologize for something that you have done wrong, or misunderstood, the following phrases are appropriate:  I'm very sorry for / that ... I apologize if I ... I apologize for (+ ing form of verb)
  14. 14. DAY 41. ASKING PEOPLE TO REPEAT  Sometimes, it is important to understand each piece of information when writing down a telephone number, or taking notes. Here are some phrases which you can use to ask people to repeat:  Would you mind repeating that? Could I read that back to you? Let me repeat that to double-check.  Example Dialogues  Person 1: The telephone number is 503 466-3978 Person 2: Let me repeat the number to double-check. 503 466-3978  Person 1: First, go down 3rd Ave to Black Street. Take a left, and continue on until you reach Harbor Blvd. Person 2: Would you mind repeating that?  If you are at a party, or some other place where noise may interfere with your understanding, it's common to raise your voice a little and use one of the following phrases:  I'm sorry, I didn't catch (your name, the address, the name of the restaurant, etc). Could you repeat that? I'm having a problem understanding you. What's that again? (this phrase is also used on the telephone)
  15. 15. 2. SHARING EXPERIENCES  The students shared their experiences in the last lecture.They expatiated on their feelings, the difference they observed in their speaking skills and how these lectures helped them turn into confident orators.
  16. 16.  Cursive, also known as script, joined-up writing, joint writing, running writing, or handwriting is any style of penmanship in which the symbols of the language are written in a conjoined and/or flowing manner, generally for the purpose of making writing faster.
  17. 17.  It is said that good handwriting; neat and readable; shows your personality. Wherever you go a person with good handwriting is preferred. Even Gandhi ji in his autobiography has mentioned that he was quite upset with his handwriting when he found some of his colleagues' neat ones during his barrister days in London.
  18. 18.  Reinforces learning  An art form  Inculcates a sense of discipline(?)  Develops motor skills  Helps students with disabilities
  19. 19. 1. A note on myself 2. Introduction on cursive writing
  20. 20. http://practicalpages.wordpress.com/handw
  21. 21. 1. Uppercase and lowercase cursive alphabets 2. A simple phrase practice makes a man perfect having a good handwriting is very important.
  22. 22. 1. Vowels and consonants 2. Uppercase and lowercase vowels 3. The use of articles
  23. 23. 1. Commonly made spelling errors 2. Similar sounding words 3. Difference in spelling and usage of: principal and principle programme and program bought and brought
  24. 24.  Prepositions practice.
  25. 25.  Tenses practice
  26. 26.  New words-spellings and meanings
  27. 27.  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
  28. 28. CONCLUSION

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