Social Communication Student
Universidad de Lima
• Crime history
• Types of crime
• Another types of crime
• Special crime adv. Found on internet.
• National & International Efforts + Cb.crime
Crime & Cybercrime
– Engaging in conduct
that has been outlawed
by a particular society.
– Harm to: Individuals,
– Differ in the tool: guns
are change for
Cybercriminals + computer technology = difficulties to apply the law.
not only real-world crimes by using computers…
• Distributed Denial of Service.
– Harm upon property by shutting down a website.
– The attack doesn’t fit in conceptual category the law has
devised to deal with crime.
Emergence of cybercrime
• 1950- word “hack” is use to refer to creative
college pranks and migrate to computer culture.
• 1960- first published accounts of computers
being used illegally.
– Crimes committed by insiders.
• 1969- ARPANET link computers in hundred of
• 1980- Personal networked computer .
– Hackers were up to no good.
• Manipulating the telephone
– Provide free long-
– Prosecuted under
existing law (fraud or
– Phone phreaks move on
to hacking in the 1980s
• First civilian bulletin board
system on-line in Chicago.
Some engaged in darker
• 1984- Hacker groups appear.
Robert Tappan – Morris worm
Legion Of Doom (LOD),
Masters of deception
(MOD), etc. War startetd.
• 1988- Robert Tappan Morris
released the first Internet
Chris Goggans (LOD) Mark Abene (MOD)
• Kevin Poulsen jumped from
Phone phreak to hacking.
• Attacks to Pacific Bell
Telephone Company and
• Apprehended in 1991-Charges:
accessed device fraud,
computer fraud, mail fraud,
money laundering and
Kevin Mitnick was the first hacker included in FBI’S MOS WANTED list.
• Robert Tappan Morris “invented” the network malware.
• He demostrate how quickly malware can spread from system to system.
• 1999- Melissa is the first mass-mailing computer virus.
• At first malware was not addresss by local criminal law.
• 1994- Vladimir Levin
siphoned millions of dollars
from Citibank accounts.
• Use of computers
technology to obtain funds
belonging to someone else.
• Traditional crime in a no
China: Song Chenglin used a computer at an Internet Café to hack 158 accounts at the ICBC
• “Official” fraud • Internet auction fraud
– Transfer millions – Factory direct products
• Lottery fraud • Identity theft
– “Won” the lottery • Specific legislation is not needed.
• Internet provides less risk of
• Highly organized, global
• Many of them are in
countries where child
pornography is not a priority
for law enforcement.
• What is child pornography?
Definition of child.
• Same dynamic as in real-world
• Threaten to reveal sensitive information of an online business.
• DDoS Attack to Casinos.
• Will eventually be directed to bigger organizations.
• Terrorism: Commission of criminal acts for
• Has involved the use of methods of physical
• USA Patriot ACT
– Hacking, cracking, extortion, fraud and malware.
• Distribution of Hardcore and Snuff Movies
• A face to face date with online friend can turn deadly.
• Consensual homicide.
• Germany .- March 9, 2001.
– Armin Meiwes (Cannibal)
– Bernd Jürgen Brandes (Victime)
• Armin post a message on “The Cannibal Café” website.
• Documentary: http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1299254578438715427
• Suicide pact made on
• Most of cases have ocurred
– Some of them are also in
China, South Korea,
Germany, USA, etc.
• Traditional suicide pacts
involved older peole (50-60
• Internet suicide pact now
involve young people,
Check this link for more information: http://www.espacoacademico.com.br/044/44eueno_ing.htm
• Found by searching material for this
PC + Internet = Cybercrime legislation far more imperative
National & International Efforts
• First Wave (privacy)
– Sweden (1973) ; USA (1974); Federal Republic of German (1977);
Austria, Denmark, France and Norway (1978), etc.
• Second Wave (property)
– Italy (1978); UK (1981,1990); USA (1980s); Canada and Denmark
• Third Wave (intellectual property)
• Convention on Cybercrime
– Ensuring that countries adopt procedural laws.
– International cooperation.
– Harmonizing national cybercrime law.
– Domestic law criminalizes: Attacks on PC data or system; Pc tech. to
commit fraud or forgery; Pc tech. to create Child Pornograpy.; infringe
Cybercrime: the future
• Two main trends:
– Professionalization of Cybercrime (creation of cybermafias,
similar to italian families in early of US history).
– Increasing the automization of Cybercrime.
Clever cybercriminals can enjoy the benefits of
criminal organization without its disadvantages.
Definitely this is another arena for human activity.
But, is it legally another jurisdiction?
This seems to be more than a study case because all we studied in
Information Society class can turn into a crime activity
What can we do?