Patricia A. Connor Ballard Ph.D, APRNDocument Transcript
Patricia A. Connor Ballard Ph.D, APRN
May 2000 Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing, School of Nursing,
University of Virginia (UVA), Charlottesville.
Academic focus on nursing history and burn care nursing.
Recipient of the Phyllis J. Vehronik Dissertation
Award for “Angels of the Mercy Fleet: Nursing the Ill
and Wounded Aboard U.S. Navy Hospital Ships in the
Pacific During World War II” (funded by the Triservice
Nursing Research Program FY98 for $64,000). Dissertation
findings presented at the 1999 American Association of
History in Nursing (AAHN) conference in Newton
(Massachusetts) and at the 1999 Military Nursing History
Forum at the University of Virginia.
August 1983 Master of Science in Nursing, School of Nursing, University
of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Academic focus on critical care (cardiothoracic surgical
nursing) and clinical nurse specialization.
May 1981 Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Saint Anselm College,
Manchester, New Hampshire.
Professional Nursing Licensure
Commonwealth of Massachusetts (expires 3/27/08)
Commonwealth of Virginia (expires 3/31/07, renewal now in progress)
District of Columbia (expires 6/30/08)
State of Hawaii (reactivation now in progress)
Professional Nursing Experience
January 2005 to Assistant Professor of Nursing and Clinical Practice
School of Nursing and Health Studies,
Washington, District of Columbia
Lecture and clinical faculty for the 2-semester junior-level
Care of Adults and Children (N173/174 adult health), Case
Analysis for Nursing Practice (N235), Nursing Integration
Seminar (N177/178), Nursing Theory (N200), and
Independent Senior Clinical Practicum (N256/257) courses.
Responsible for coordination of undergraduate clinical sites,
preceptorship sites, and independent clinical practicum
sites. Member of the Outcomes & Evaluation (past), and
Faculty Search (current), committees. Scholarly project
advisor/reader. Faculty advisor for BSN students. Current
clinical and research interests in burn nursing, nursing
history, military nursing (navy), and health issues of native
Hawaiians, and family/child health issues of international
January 2005 to Adjunct Faculty,
May 2005 College of Nursing and Health Science,
George Mason University,
Instructor for Senior Clinical Preceptorship (NURS451).
October 2001 to Staff Nurse, Post-Anesthesia Unit (PACU),
June 2004 U.S. Army Hospital,
Provided care to both in-patient and ambulatory patients
following general surgical, orthopedic, obstetrical-
gynecological, and ophthalmology surgical
procedures as well as following endoscopy,
colonoscopy, and extensive dental procedures.
Mentored new civilian and army nursing in
post-anesthesia nursing. Developed and
presented a quarterly pre-ACLS review on emergency
cardiac drugs and EKG arrhythmia interpretation for the
U.S. Army Hospital - Heidelberg. Developed and presented
a 4-hour workshop on burn care for the 2002
European Regional Medical Command (ERMC)
conference in Kitzingen, Germany. Developed
and presented a 4-hour workshop on women’s wellness
for women of the Heidelberg military
community. Assisted the PACU nursing staff
in the development and implementation of a
retrospective-descriptive nursing study, “Pain and
Nausea/Vomiting Following Bilateral Tubal Ligation.”
Acted as nurse consultant on patient education for JCAHO
credentialing preparation, and as an academic mentor
to military nurses completing graduate education by
October 2000 to Program Director and Primary Investigator,
October 2001 Partnership for Wellness Program,
U.S Army Hospital,
Director and Primary investigator for a twelve-month
experimental nursing research study on the
effectiveness of varied health promotion education
techniques for “high demand” military health care
consumers (funded as a Health Prevention and
Promotion Initiative FY00 for $42,000).
Collaborated with the Mind, Body and Spirit Institute in
Boston, Massachusetts. Results presented to the
Commanding Officers of the U.S. Army Hospital –
Heidelberg and the European Regional Medical Command.
As the senior on-site researcher at the U.S. Army Hospital –
Heidelberg, developed and presented a three-part
multidisciplinary seminar series on research
design, research funding, and research ethics.
August 1995 to Nurse Clinician II,
June 2000 DeCamp Burn and Wound Care Center (ICU),
University of Virginia Medical Center,
Staff/charge nurse for a busy 16-bed referral burn ICU at a
Level I trauma center and university-affiliated
medical center. Provided and supervised level I and
level II critical care nursing to adult/pediatric burn
trauma patients as well as to patients following intensive
plastic surgery. Provided conscious sedation and
monitoring during burn wound care procedures.
Provided nursing backup to the medical (MICU) and
surgical/trauma (STICU) intensive care units. Acted as
preceptor for newly-employed Burn ICU nurses, as well as
to undergraduate and graduate UVA nursing students.
Lecturer on burn care nursing to the undergraduate nursing
students of both the University of Virginia and
Dabney Lancaster Community College. Speaker on
complex wound care (including burns) for the 1995
Academy of Medical- Surgical Nursing (AMSN)
conference in New Orleans, on advanced burn care for
the 1997 Shea-Arentzen (Navy Nurse Corps) symposium
in San Diego, and on historical advances in burn care for
the 1998 American Association of History in Nursing
(AAHN) conference in Hartford. Participant in the
Professional Mentorship Program for the
undergraduate nursing students at the University of
Virginia. Participant in the on-site Advanced Burn Life
Support and Trauma Nursing Core Curriculum programs.
August 1995 to Graduate teaching assistant,
June 1999 Adult Health Nursing Department,
School of Nursing,
University of Virginia,
Provided clerical, research, and teaching/tutoring support
to graduate and undergraduate nursing faculty.
Instructor for the summer tutorial on Pathophysiology
June 1992 to Clinical Nurse Specialist in Medical-Surgical Nursing
May 1995 and Chairman of the Nursing Research Committee,
Department of Nursing Education,
Kuakini Medical Center,
Honolulu, (Oahu) Hawaii
Responsible for the quality of nursing care provided on the
general surgical, general medical, orthopedic and
stepdown/telemetry units of a busy Level II
trauma center and university-affiliated medical center.
As Chairman of the Nursing Research Committee, collaborated
with nursing faculty of the University of Hawaii-Manoa for
the development and implementation of two
nursing research studies, “Gender Differences in Post-
Operative Analgesia Following Colectomy” and
“Nurses’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in the
Management of Urinary Incontinence in the Acute
Care Setting.” Instructor for the on-site Critical Care
nursing, Oncology nursing, Hemodialysis, and
Advanced Cardiac Life Support programs. Preceptor and
guest faculty for the graduate nursing students of the
University of Hawaii-Manoa in their
MSN’level clinical nurse specialization program.
Coordinator and lecturer for the Kuakini Medical-
Surgical Nursing Update Conference. Guest speaker at the
Kuakini Orthopedic Nursing Conference, the
annual Hawaii chapters of Sigma Theta Tau nursing
research conference (presented the above
incontinence nursing research study), and the annual multi-
facility San Francisco Bay Area Medical-Surgical Nursing
June 1989 to Clinical Nurse Specialist in Medical-Surgical Nursing,
June 1992 Department of Nursing Education,
Davies Medical Center,
San Francisco, California
Responsible for the quality of nursing care provided on the
general surgical, general medical,
oncology/HIV/AIDs, and plastic
surgery/microvascular surgical units of a
university-affiliated medical center. Instructor for the on-
site Critical Care nursing and Advanced Cardiac Life
Support programs. Coordinator and speaker at the annual
Davies Wound Care Update and the annual multi-
facility San Francisco Bay Area Medical-Surgical
Nursing Update Conferences.
September 1983 to Clinical Nurse Specialist in Medical-Surgical Nursing,
June 1989 Department of Nursing Education,
Lahey Clinic Medical Center,
Initiated the Clinical Nurse Specialist in Medical-Surgical
Nursing role at the Lahey Clinic. Responsible for the
of nursing care on the general medical, general surgical,
orthopedic, neuro/neurosurgical, cardiac telemetry,
and oncology units at a level II trauma and university-
affiliated medical center. Provided backup support to
the Clinical Nurse Specialist in Oncology Nursing and to
the Enterostomal Nurse Therapist. Instructor in
the Critical Care nursing orientation, Oncology nursing
orientation, and the Advanced Cardiac Life Support
programs. Coordinator and lecturer for the annual Lahey
Clinical Medical-Surgical Nursing Update Conference.
Provided consultation as an expert legal witness on
nursing issues for the Massachusetts Nursing
Association. Item writer for the ANA’s credentialing
exam for Medical-Surgical Nurse Clinician (RNC) status.
Developed an on-site preparation course for staff nurses
taking the ANA’s Medical-Surgical RNC
May 1981 to Staff/Charge Nurse, Acute Surgical Unit (Baker 8),
July 1982 Massachusetts General Hospital,
Staff/charge nurse for a busy 16-bed acute surgical unit with
telemetry and mechanical ventilation capabilities at a level I
trauma and university-affiliated medical center.
Responsible for providing and supervising care to general
surgical, colo- rectal surgical, vascular surgical,
thoracic surgical, and plastic surgical patients. Per diem
July 1982 to July 1983 while in graduate school.
Military Nursing Experience
June 1986 to Commander (05), Nurse Corps,
Present U.S. Naval Reserve (IRR)
Recalled to active duty during Operation Desert
Storm/Desert Shield 1990-1991 and assigned to the
Naval Hospital – Oakland (California) as staff/charge nurse
and assistant Division Officer for a 40-bed acute medical
unit with telemetry capability (9 West). Later that year,
transferred into the hospital’s Chemotherapy
Clinic as staff nurse for the administration of
chemotherapy and for the development of the
chemotherapy nursing orientation program.
Attached to the Naval Medical Center – Portsmouth
(Virginia) as a reserve nurse from 1995-2000, with
experience in the adult medical-surgical
intensive care unit and the post-anesthesia care unit. Acted
as charge nurse for the Mile 15 first aid station for the 1998
and 1999 Marine Corps Marathons (Washington ,DC).
Speaker on advanced burn care at the 1997 Shea-
Arentzen Nursing Symposium in San Diego.
Recipent of three Naval Letters of Commendation, the Navy
Achievement Medal, the National Defense Medal,
and a FY98 Triservice Nursing Research Grant ($64,000).
Clinical Nurse Specialist in Adult Health, with APRN-BC status renewed in
Basic Cardiac Life Support (BCLS)
Advanced Burn Life Support (ABLS)
Trauma Nursing Core Curriculum (TNCC)
Former certification in Advanced Cardiac Life Support (to be renewed in
Former certification in Oncology Nursing (OCN) by the Oncology Nursing
Sigma Theta Tau, International Honor Society of Nursing
American Association for History in Nursing (AAHN)
American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN)
American Burn Association (ABA) with appointed membership to the 2007-2010
ABA Ethics Committee
Navy Nurse Corps
Funded Nursing Research
Partnership in Wellness funded by the Health Prevention and Promotion Initiative
FY00 for $42,000
Angels of the Mercy Fleet – Nursing the Ill and Wounded Aboard U.S. Navy Hospital
Ships in the Pacific During World War II, funded by the Triservice Nursing
Research Program FY98 for $64,000
“Gender Differences in Postoperative Analgesia Following Colectomy”, funded
by the Epsilon Tau (Saint Anselm College) and Gamma Psi (University of
Hawaii-Manoa) chapters of Sigma Theta Tau for a total of $900.
Manuscripts and Publications
Connor-Ballard, P (2007). “A Nursing Analysis of Burn Pain and of the
Modalities for its Relief.” Currently in final phase of manuscript preparation for
Connor-Ballard, P (2007). “The Cocoanut Grove Nightclub Fire of 1942 – Lessons
Learned from Care of the Burn Victims.” Currently in final phase of manuscript
preparation for publication.
Connor-Ballard, P. (2000). Angels of the Mercy Fleet – Nursing the Ill and Wounded
Aboard U.S. Navy Hospital Ships in the Pacific During World War II, Ph.D
Connor, P (1997). Chapter 17: Musculoskeletal Assessment. In Estes, Zator, M.E.
Health Assessment and Physical Examination. Albany, NY: Delmar Publications.
Connor-Cook, P and B Molina Kooker (1995). “Nurses’ Knowledge, Attitudes,
and Practices in the Management of Urinary Incontinence in the Acute Care
Setting. “ MedSurg Nursing.
Leohner, D. and P Connor (1989). “Beyond Ileostomy: Surgery for a Normal
Connor, P, and K Neskey (1989). “Nursing Implications of Renal Pelvis Irrigation
for Chemolysis”. Journal of Urological Nursing.
Connor, P et al (1989). “Two Stages of Care for Pleural Effusion.” RN.
Connor, P and D Loehner (1987). “Is Permanent Ileostomy the Only Answer?
Caring for the Ileoanal Reservoir Patient.” Ostomy and Wound Management.
Connor, P (1987). “How and Why Do You Use a Heimlich Flutter Valve.”
American Journal of Nursing.