Multi-disciplinary Cancer Management
the PAH Experience
Damien B Thomson
Director of Oncology
Princess Alexandra Hospital
Cancer: why do we need
multi-disciplinary teamwork? 1
cancer is not a single disease
↑ ing options for management requirin...
Cancer: why do we need
multi-disciplinary teamwork? 2
some rôle reversal for specialties in
particular cancers
less common...
Cancer: why do we need
multi-disciplinary teamwork? 3
cancer and its treatment often associated
with significant physical ...
Cancer: why do we need
multi-disciplinary teamwork? 4
Patient and family need for knowledge
often greatly exceeds other il...
Cancer: why do we need
multi-disciplinary teamwork? 5
the days of the single clinician working
independently are numbered
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
What is it? 1
Specialist clinic of different skills working
together to optimise pati...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
What is it? 2
cross disciplines
• surgical surgical specialties
• medical eg. oncolog...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic:
is it useful? 1
Development of clinical practice guidelines
that are:
evidence based...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic:
is it useful? 2
increase of special skills with
> minimum number of cases to attain ...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic:
is it useful? 3
YES……. but
$ resourcing has lagged behind so badly
• inadequate staf...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
literature review 1
University Michigan J Amer Acad Derm
• 104 pt treated in multi-di...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
literature review 2
UK Papworth study Thorax
• quick access multi-disciplinary servic...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
literature review 3
Scottish ovarian study Br J Cancer
• 1987 all 533 cases ovarian C...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
literature review 4
Mid-west breast cancer Oncol Nursing
Forum
• 55 patients Med Onco...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Types of clinics
Case Review or Tumour Board
New Case Clinic (old cases new problem)
...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Case Review or Tumour Board 1
absent patient
pre-evented history and clinical finding...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Case Review or Tumour Board 2
Lymphoma Case Meeting
• haematologists
• medical oncolo...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Case Review or Tumour Board 3
Lung cancer meeting
• respiratory physicians
• thoracic...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Case Review or Tumour Board 4
Orthopaedic oncology meeting
• orthopaedic surgeons
• r...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Case Review or Tumour Board 5
Breast clinic pathology meeting
• breast surgeons
• rad...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
New Case Clinic 1
Case clerked in clinic
• new cases
• old cases with new problem
all...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
New Case Clinic 2
Head and Neck Clinic
• ENT surgery
• plastic surgery
• dental - ora...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Defined site clinic, no Rx 1
New patients seen by relevant staff
case presented by on...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Defined site clinic, no Rx 2
Upper GI Clinic
• upper GI surgeons
• radiation oncologi...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Defined site clinic, with Rx 1
patients streamed and seen by relevant staff
new case ...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Defined site clinic, with Rx 2
Breast Clinic
• breast surgeons
• medical oncologists
...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Defined site clinic, with Rx 3
Colo-rectal Clinic & GI Adjuvant Clinic
• colo-rectal ...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Defined site clinic, with Rx 4
Melanoma Clinic
• melanoma surgeons
• medical oncologi...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
Defined site clinic, with Rx 5
Germ Cell Clinic
• medical oncologists
• urology surge...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
has it all been successful? 1
YES: largely driven by the surgeons
coordination follow...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
has it all been successful? 2
Generally YES but
coordination follow up research
lung ...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
has it all been successful? 3
NO
lack of resources esp medical oncology for
multi-dis...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
NCI Cancer Facts 1
“A diagnosis of cancer may be the most
difficult challenge, you or...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
NCI Cancer Facts 2
“They are available to you as much or as
little as you need, but i...
The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic
a thank you to the many surgeons,
radiation oncologists, medical oncologist,
patholog...
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Transcript of "Multi-disciplinary Cancer Management the PAH Experience"

  1. 1. Multi-disciplinary Cancer Management the PAH Experience Damien B Thomson Director of Oncology Princess Alexandra Hospital
  2. 2. Cancer: why do we need multi-disciplinary teamwork? 1 cancer is not a single disease ↑ ing options for management requiring involvement of different specialties ↑ ing use of appropriate adjuvant and neo-adjuvant therapy
  3. 3. Cancer: why do we need multi-disciplinary teamwork? 2 some rôle reversal for specialties in particular cancers less common: S → R → C now sometimes: C+R → S → C S → C → R → C or: C → S residual disease
  4. 4. Cancer: why do we need multi-disciplinary teamwork? 3 cancer and its treatment often associated with significant physical & psycho-social issues (patient & family) → appropriate use: • psychiatric liaison • social worker • cancer visitor or support groups • dietitian, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, speech pathology, stomal therapy • community services
  5. 5. Cancer: why do we need multi-disciplinary teamwork? 4 Patient and family need for knowledge often greatly exceeds other illnesses • remarkable impact of cancer diagnosis compared to other life threatening diseases ∀↑ consultation time for explanation of disease and prognosis and support • need for information material that reflects all aspects of management use of specialised disease based nurses need for consistent information
  6. 6. Cancer: why do we need multi-disciplinary teamwork? 5 the days of the single clinician working independently are numbered
  7. 7. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic What is it? 1 Specialist clinic of different skills working together to optimise patient care willingness to recognise, respect and to cooperatively use the expertise of the other disciplines → increase of knowledge provision of ‘one stop shop’ concept usually disease site orientated
  8. 8. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic What is it? 2 cross disciplines • surgical surgical specialties • medical eg. oncology, respiratory • radiation trend to site specialisation • dental / oral surgery • pathology • radiology diagnostic, interventional • nursing nursing rover, research • allied health • palliative care
  9. 9. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic: is it useful? 1 Development of clinical practice guidelines that are: evidence based consensus approved producing quality assured care timely investigation and therapy
  10. 10. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic: is it useful? 2 increase of special skills with > minimum number of cases to attain and maintain skills more likely to attract more patients likely to be more quickly investigated and treated more likely to enlist in clinical trials associated database → outcome data integrated student teaching
  11. 11. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic: is it useful? 3 YES……. but $ resourcing has lagged behind so badly • inadequate staffing for current workload • unable to set up further clinics due to inadequate funding poor literature resource → very little published in past 20 years
  12. 12. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic literature review 1 University Michigan J Amer Acad Derm • 104 pt treated in multi-disciplinary melanoma clinic matched to 104 treated in community, matched for site & depth • surgical morbidity & survival similar • saving of USD1600 per patient in multi- disciplinary clinic due to differences in health care resources used
  13. 13. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic literature review 2 UK Papworth study Thorax • quick access multi-disciplinary service to investigate suspected lung cancer • 181 patients with NSCLC • 47 (25%) underwent successful surgical resection • compared to general UK resection rate <10% & USA + European resection rate of >20%
  14. 14. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic literature review 3 Scottish ovarian study Br J Cancer • 1987 all 533 cases ovarian Ca in Scotland improved survival when • first seen by gynaecologist • operated on by a gynaecologist • residual <2cm • prescribed platinum chemotherapy • referred to a joint clinic
  15. 15. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic literature review 4 Mid-west breast cancer Oncol Nursing Forum • 55 patients Med Oncol consult as inpatient compared 66 patients consult in multi- disciplinary clinic: MDS → ∀↑ physical function ∀↑ satisfaction with health care ∀↑ satisfaction with physician (doctor) care
  16. 16. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Types of clinics Case Review or Tumour Board New Case Clinic (old cases new problem) Defined Site Clinic with new cases & all follow up cases, no therapy Defined Site Clinic with new cases & all follow up cases, and therapy a Clinic member also in private practice is more likely to refer in the same patterns should always be a clinic chairman
  17. 17. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Case Review or Tumour Board 1 absent patient pre-evented history and clinical findings presented by one member often involves radiology and or pathology being presented and discussed case discussion→ care plan actioned next clinic clinic may follow immediately or very soon after to implement care plan
  18. 18. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Case Review or Tumour Board 2 Lymphoma Case Meeting • haematologists • medical oncologists • radiation oncologists • radiologist • pathologist • laboratory scientists • pathology • haematology • research nurse
  19. 19. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Case Review or Tumour Board 3 Lung cancer meeting • respiratory physicians • thoracic surgeon • radiation oncologists • radiologist: diagnostic & interventional • pathologist (retired!!!) • medical oncologist * (if available)
  20. 20. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Case Review or Tumour Board 4 Orthopaedic oncology meeting • orthopaedic surgeons • radiation oncologists • radiologist • pathologist • sometimes the final pathological diagnosis depends on the radiology findings • medical oncologist * (if available)
  21. 21. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Case Review or Tumour Board 5 Breast clinic pathology meeting • breast surgeons • radiation oncologists • pathologist • medical oncologists
  22. 22. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic New Case Clinic 1 Case clerked in clinic • new cases • old cases with new problem all patients reviewed by all relevant staff case presented by one member and discussed at clinic meeting → care plan actioned at clinic patient seen immediately again by relevant staff
  23. 23. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic New Case Clinic 2 Head and Neck Clinic • ENT surgery • plastic surgery • dental - oral surgery • general surgery • radiation oncologists • medical oncologist • speech pathology • dietitian • social worker • research nurse
  24. 24. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Defined site clinic, no Rx 1 New patients seen by relevant staff case presented by one member to rest of team→ care plan actioned at clinic old cases reviewed by relevant staff only new problems in old cases reviewed by all clinic staff not a therapy clinic
  25. 25. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Defined site clinic, no Rx 2 Upper GI Clinic • upper GI surgeons • radiation oncologists • medical oncologists • research nurse • radiation nurse • data manager • dietitian • need for tight programming
  26. 26. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Defined site clinic, with Rx 1 patients streamed and seen by relevant staff new case or new problem presented by one member to rest of team → care plan old cases reviewed by relevant staff • follow up by surgical team and radiation oncology • radiation planning time arranged • chemotherapy by medical oncology
  27. 27. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Defined site clinic, with Rx 2 Breast Clinic • breast surgeons • medical oncologists • radiation oncologists • research nurse • radiation nurse • need for tight programming • pathology review of new cases at end of clinic
  28. 28. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Defined site clinic, with Rx 3 Colo-rectal Clinic & GI Adjuvant Clinic • colo-rectal surgeons • medical oncologists • radiation oncologists • research nurse • colo-rectal nurse • radiation nurse • need for tight programming
  29. 29. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Defined site clinic, with Rx 4 Melanoma Clinic • melanoma surgeons • medical oncologists • radiation oncologists • dermatologist • research nurse
  30. 30. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic Defined site clinic, with Rx 5 Germ Cell Clinic • medical oncologists • urology surgeon • radiation oncologist
  31. 31. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic has it all been successful? 1 YES: largely driven by the surgeons coordination follow up research germ cell: +++ +++ +++ colo-rectal: +++ +++ ++ head & neck +++ +++ ++ breast +++ +++ ++ upper GI +++ +++ +++ lymphoma +++ +++ +++ melanoma +++ +++ +++
  32. 32. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic has it all been successful? 2 Generally YES but coordination follow up research lung ++ ++ + orthopaedic ++ ++ + these clinics represent some of the difficulties in setting up a MDC • personality • territory
  33. 33. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic has it all been successful? 3 NO lack of resources esp medical oncology for multi-disciplinary clinics in • CNS evidence • prostate for • bladder improved • pancreas QoL • liver survival • lung cost effectiveness urgent need for funding: staff, drugs
  34. 34. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic NCI Cancer Facts 1 “A diagnosis of cancer may be the most difficult challenge, you or your loved ones will ever face. That is why it is important to find help and try to maintain your sense of hope no matter what your situation. Your team of health care professionals is knowledgeable about the many different aspects of cancer: medical, physical, emotional, social, and spiritual.”
  35. 35. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic NCI Cancer Facts 2 “They are available to you as much or as little as you need, but it is difficult for them to know if you need help unless you ask for it. Don't be afraid, embarrassed, or hesitant to ask questions; voice your opinion, and seek the care you feel you need and deserve.” “Your Health Care Team: Your Doctor Is Only the Beginning”
  36. 36. The multi-disciplinary cancer clinic a thank you to the many surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologist, pathologists, radiologists, allied health professionals, nurses and resident staff whose continued dedication and hard work in the face of fiscal hardship is amazing and makes working at PAH worth while.
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