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Russian Revolution
 

Russian Revolution

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    Russian Revolution Russian Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • Russian Revolution
      • 1917
    • Czar Nicholas II
      • Last Czar of Russia
      • Exhausted nation’s economy by involving Russia in WWI
        • This left the Russian people poor and starving, but the Czar and his family lived comfortably.
        • The people were angry with this, so they decided to REVOLT!
    • Karl Marx (1818 – 1883)
      • He died long before Revolution began, but his political ideas of communism lived on.
      • Considered father of communism
      • People of Russia who revolted adopted his ideas
    • Communism
      • Form of government that has a classless society
      • Everyone is equal; no rich and no poor
      • The Bolsheviks, or revolutionaries, adopted this idea.
    • Bolsheviks
      • The Bolsheviks - an organization formed by the revolting people, or revolutionaries, of Russia.
      • Bolsheviks were led by Vladimir Lenin.
    • Vladimir Lenin
      • A revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks (working class) to freedom.
      • They eventually were able to overthrow the Czar.
    • Czar is Overthrown…
      • With the rise of the Bolsheviks, the Czar was forced to give up thrown
      • In 1918, the Czar and his entire family, wife and 5 children, were assassinated by an execution squad set up by the revolutionaries
      • The entire family was killed because they feared one of them could rise to power again.
    • Lenin’s Death
      • Lenin died in 1924, leaving the Bolsheviks leaderless.
      • This caused a power struggle between two other revolutionaries, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin.
    • Leon Trotsky
      • A revolutionary who was popular with the people
      • Wanted to make life better for all by industrializing Russia
    • Josef Stalin
      • Lied to people to gain support
      • People believed his lies and promises, so he beat Trotsky in the power struggle
      • Stalin had Trotsky exiled from Russia. He feared Trotsky would try to regain power, so he eventually had him killed.
    • Stalin, cont’d…
      • Stalin grew more and more powerful over the years.
      • He began eliminating anyone who opposed him.
      • He set up a secret police to carry out his deadly orders.
    • NKVD (KGB)
      • Stalin’s secret police
      • Killed, tortured, starved, intimidated anyone Stalin ordered
      • Completely loyal to Stalin
    • Stalin’s Rule
      • Stalin became so greedy, he lost the original vision of the revolutionaries
      • Millions of innocent people were killed under his rule
      • Ironically, he made Russia worse off than it had been before the Czar
      • Stalin became known as one of the most ruthless dictators in history, comparable to Hitler