Czar Nicholas II Last Czar of Russia Exhausted nation’s economy by involving Russia in WWI This left the Russian people poor and starving, but the Czar and his family lived comfortably. The people were angry with this, so they decided to REVOLT!
Karl Marx(1818 – 1883) •He died long before Revolution began, but his political ideas of communism lived on. •Considered father of communism •People of Russia who revolted adopted his ideas
Communism•Form of governmentthat has a classlesssociety•Everyone is equal;no rich and no poor•The Bolsheviks, orrevolutionaries,adopted this idea.
Bolsheviks•The Bolsheviks - an organization formed bythe revolting people, or revolutionaries, ofRussia.•Bolsheviks were led by Vladimir Lenin.
Vladimir Lenin •A revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks (working class) to freedom. •They eventually were able to overthrow the Czar.
Czar is Overthrown…•With the rise of the Bolsheviks, the Czar was forced togive up thrown•In 1918, the Czar and his entire family, wife and 5children, were assassinated by an execution squad setup by the revolutionaries•The entire family was killed because they feared oneof them could rise to power again.
Lenin’s Death•Lenin died in 1924,leaving the Bolsheviksleaderless.•This caused a powerstruggle between twoother revolutionaries,Leon Trotsky andJoseph Stalin.
Leon Trotsky •A revolutionary who was popular with the people •Wanted to make life better for all by industrializing Russia
Josef Stalin•Lied to people to gainsupport•People believed hislies and promises, sohe beat Trotsky in thepower struggle•Stalin had Trotskyexiled from Russia. Hefeared Trotsky wouldtry to regain power, sohe eventually had him
Stalin, cont’d… •Stalin grew more and more powerful over the years. •He began eliminating anyone who opposed him. •He set up a secret police to carry out his deadly orders.
NKVD (KGB)•Stalin’s secret police•Killed, tortured, starved,intimidated anyone Stalinordered•Completely loyal toStalin
Stalin’s Rule•Stalin became sogreedy, he lost theoriginal vision of therevolutionaries•Millions of innocentpeople were killed underhis rule•Ironically, he madeRussia worse off than ithad been before the Czar•Stalin became known asone of the most ruthless