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Elizabethan Era

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  • 1. -Elizabethan Era- -Shakespeare- - Romeo and Juliet-
  • 2. Elizabethan England
    • Known as the English Renaissance (rebirth)
    • England was ruled by Queen Elizabeth I , daughter of King Henry VIII, from 1533-1603 .
    • The Queen had a love for theater and the arts, so during this period, the arts (poetry, plays, painting, etc.) flourished.
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 3. Life in the Elizabethan Era
    • Clothing/Fashion
    • Certain fabrics, textures, and colors of clothing indicated which social class a person was a part of .
    • If a person dressed out of his/her social class , they would be punished because it was against the law.
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 4. Life in the Elizabethan Era
    • Marriage s
    • A woman didn’t choose husband.
    • Marriages were usually arranged by the families of the bride and the groom in order for both sides to benefit from one another.
    • Once married, women had practically no rights ; they could not work outside the home.
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 5. Life in the Elizabethan Era
    • Health
    • Many members of a family, often 4-8 people, would live in the same room.
    • There was no sanitation, no indoor plumbing, no concept of germs or sterilization.
    • The streets were filled with waste, both human and animal.
    • There were two outbreaks of the Bubonic Plague
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 6. Life in the Elizabethan Era
    • Other interesting facts:
    • Only boys were allowed to attend formal education
    • Going to the dentist was deadly
    • Punishment for crimes was VERY harsh
      • Robbers would have limbs cut off by a saw, have fingers torn off, eyes dug out with hot pinchers, or death sentence
      • Women gossips had sharp device put in mouth and, with any movement, the tongue would be cut or damaged
      • For adultery, one would be attached to stool and continuously dunked under water until death
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 7. Life in the Elizabethan Era
    • The lower class would bathe a couple times A YEAR, and the upper class bathed once every couple of weeks.
    • Instead of toilet paper, clumps of grass or hay was used.
    • Pale skin was considered beautiful, so they avoided the sun.
    • A high forehead was a sign of intelligence, so many women would shave a portion on top of their head.
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 8. William Shakespeare
    • The most famous playwright of all time
    • Born: 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon; Died: 1616
    • At 18, he married 26 year-old Anne Hathaway
    • Had 3 children , one of which died at 11
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 9. William Shakespeare
    • 1585 – 1592 were considered his lost years. No one knew of his whereabouts.
    • By 1592, he had become well known in London theatrical circles.
    • In his lifetime Shakespeare wrote 37 plays
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 10. William Shakespeare
    • Types of Plays
    • 1. comedy – a funny problem that occurs that must be fixed by the end of the play
    • 2. history – a retelling of the history of England
    • 3. tragedy
    • a . a hero has a high position
    • b. hero falls (causes his own fall)
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 11. The Globe Theatre
    • Famous theatre of the time
    • Plays were held at 2:00 pm because there was no lighting in the theaters. And in g ood weather because it had no roof
    • Few props were used; language focused on imagery
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 12. The Globe Theatre
    • Both poor and rich people alike attended plays in Shakespeare’s time.
    • It had several levels of seating
      • Lowest level, or pit, was the cheapest; the “groundlings” stood here
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 13. The Globe Theatre
    • During this time, women were NOT allowed to be actors
    • ALL roles were played by men/boys
    • The character of Juliet would have been played by a boy
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 14. The Globe Theatre
    • In the 1590s, the theaters had to close a few times due to outbreaks of the Plague
    • Germs were EASILY spread at the theaters
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 15. Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. “ Star- crossed lovers”
  • 16. Romeo and Juliet
    • The play is set in Verona, Italy
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 17. Juliet’s Balcony
    • Although Juliet is a fictional character , this actual building in Verona (built around the 13th century) is said to have been the home to a prominent family in Italy back then. The Capuleti was a family that actually existed, and some believe that Shakespeare based his fictional family, the Capulets, on them.
    • Pictured here is Juliet’s balcony. Some couples even get married there today.
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 18. Basics of Romeo and Juliet
    • Written around 1595
    • Involves two major families who hate each other
    • Entire play takes place over 5 days
    • Fate of Romeo and Juliet is given at the beginning of play
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 19. Romeo and Juliet - Characters
    • The Montagues
    • Romeo - first loves Rosaline; sees Juliet and forgets Rosaline.
    • Lord Montague - Romeo’s father
    • Lady Montague - Romeo’s mother
    • Benvolio - nephew of Montague and friend of Romeo
    • Balthasar - servant of Romeo
    • Abram - servant of Montague; enjoys fighting with Capulets
    • The Capulets
    • Juliet – daughter of Capulet; happy, innocent girl who loves Romeo
    • Lord and Lady Capulet - Juliet’s parents
    • Tybalt - Juliet’s cousin; likes to fight
    • Nurse - Juliet’s nanny and friend
    • Peter - servant to the Nurse
    • Sampson and Gregory – servants
    (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 20. Romeo and Juliet - Characters (c) 2007 brainybetty.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    • The Others
    • Prince Escalus - ruler of Verona; tired of the fighting in the city and threatens anyone who disturbs the peace with death
    • Mercutio - relative of the prince and friend of Romeo (sides with Montague); serves as comic relief
    • Friar Laurence - a Franciscan priest; helps Romeo and Juliet; good man
    • Friar John - another Franciscan priest
    • Count Paris - a young nobleman and relative of the prince (sides with Capulet); Juliet’s parents arrange for her to marry him
  • 21. Other Romeo and Juliet Stories?