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# Observation and Inference Notes

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Just a few notes over Observations and Inferences that I used with Middle school students. There was other discussions and hands-on activities that we also used to support the learning.

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### Observation and Inference Notes

1. 1. Observation & Inference
2. 2. Glue the “Back to the Future” in Science Notebook • 9/4/13 • Question: What do we do if the fire alarm goes off? • Pregunta: ¿Qué hacemos si la alarma de incendio se apaga? • Answer…
3. 3. Science Notebook: Table of Contents Date Learning Target Title Page # 9/4/13 Class Back to the Future 1 ? 9/4/13 SI Observations and Inferences 2
4. 4. Sewer Lice
5. 5. • Observation- information gathered using one or more of the five senses. Observations: •People wearing helmets •Two people in green and white •One person in in black •One person wear stripes •Persons arms out like a T with a football in hand •Persons arms above their head
6. 6. Observations • Any information collected with the senses. • Quantitative – measureable or countable » 3 meters long » 4 marbles » 50 kilograms » 35 degrees Celsius • Qualitative – describable, not measureable » red flowers » smells like fresh baked cookies » Tastes bitter • The skill of describing scientific events
7. 7. • Quantitative observation- an observation dealing with numbers that can be measured • Examples: Length, height, area, volume, weight, speed, time, temperature, humidity, sound levels, cost, members, ages, etc.
8. 8. • Qualitative observation- deals with descriptions that can be observed but not measured • Examples- Colors, textures, smells, tastes, appearance, beauty, etc
9. 9. Inference- an interpretation of one or more observations. Inferences: •The playier in black scored a touchdown •#81 is tackling the player in black
10. 10. Inference • Conclusions or deductions based on observations. • The process of drawing a conclusion from given evidence. Practice: Observations: • I hear people screaming • I smell cotton candy, popcorn, and hamburgers • I see a lot of people Inference = ?