Engaging our Most Challenged Students: The Academic Library's Role in Developmental Education
Engaging our Most Challenged Students:The Academic Librarys Role inDevelopmental EducationKristina Appelt- Prairie State CollegeTish Hayes – Oakton C.C./Moraine Valley C.C.Terra Jacobson - Moraine Valley C.C.
Who are our students?• IEL/ELL/ESL• Developmental Programs• Literacy Tutoring Programs• Adult Ed programs
Literacy FactsStudents Taking Any Remedial Education Courses 03-04 07-08 % Increase Public 2 yr 23.0% 23.9% 3.9 Public 4 yr 21.3% 25.3% 18.8 Public 4 yr 16.3% 17.2% 5.5 (PhD) Private 4 yr 14.4% 16.5% 14.6 Private 4 yr 11.7% 13.3% 13.7 (PhDU.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003-04 and 2007-08 National Postsecondary StudentAid Study (NPSAS:04 and NPSAS:08)
Literacy FactsPercent of Adults (16 and older) lacking basic literacy skills 1992 2003 Illinois 15% 13% Cook County 22% 19%U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003 NationalAssessment of Adult LiteracyEnglish as a Second Languagehttp://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d10/tables/dt10_433.asphttp://nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/adulted/tables/table_2.asp
Needs• Varied pace • Create community• Contextualized • Familiarity Instruction • Interaction• Customized • Self-awareness• Individualized• Set time constraint
Challenges for students with low English language literacy levels• Range of motivation and levels• Used to different kinds of libraries, limited view• Read for main point, but need details• Library vocabulary, never been in a library• Popular and fiction does not equal easy to read.• Long time to succeed (5-7 years) for full comprehension. (30%-50% pass rate for beginners)• The view that all of these areas can be categorized into one approach
Ideas and Opportunities for libraries Developmental& Literacy ESL/IEL Tutoring• Basic definition handouts • Focus on “sourcing”• Employment focus • Help them structure questions• Space for tutoring • Book clubs for non-native• One on One appointments speakers• Shorter sessions, 30 min. • Hands on/interactive sessions• Customized library tour • Multiple read through• Be an “answer” person • Encourage group work• Targeted advertising • Develop a sense of community• Other library services • Librarians attend student presentations