Engaging our Most Challenged Students: The Academic Library's Role in Developmental Education

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  • 1. Engaging our Most Challenged Students:The Academic Librarys Role inDevelopmental EducationKristina Appelt- Prairie State CollegeTish Hayes – Oakton C.C./Moraine Valley C.C.Terra Jacobson - Moraine Valley C.C.
  • 2. Computer LabCoffee ShopBook StoreFaculty OfficesEvent AreaCopy CenterPrintingCafeteriaNap RoomMallMail RoomCommunity CenterGroup StudyClassroomInformation CenterLoungePhone BoothBlockbusterLibrary
  • 3. Who are our students?• IEL/ELL/ESL• Developmental Programs• Literacy Tutoring Programs• Adult Ed programs
  • 4. Literacy FactsStudents Taking Any Remedial Education Courses 03-04 07-08 % Increase Public 2 yr 23.0% 23.9% 3.9 Public 4 yr 21.3% 25.3% 18.8 Public 4 yr 16.3% 17.2% 5.5 (PhD) Private 4 yr 14.4% 16.5% 14.6 Private 4 yr 11.7% 13.3% 13.7 (PhDU.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003-04 and 2007-08 National Postsecondary StudentAid Study (NPSAS:04 and NPSAS:08)
  • 5. Literacy FactsPercent of Adults (16 and older) lacking basic literacy skills 1992 2003 Illinois 15% 13% Cook County 22% 19%U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003 NationalAssessment of Adult LiteracyEnglish as a Second Languagehttp://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d10/tables/dt10_433.asphttp://nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/adulted/tables/table_2.asp
  • 6. Needs• Varied pace • Create community• Contextualized • Familiarity Instruction • Interaction• Customized • Self-awareness• Individualized• Set time constraint
  • 7. Challenges for students with low English language literacy levels• Range of motivation and levels• Used to different kinds of libraries, limited view• Read for main point, but need details• Library vocabulary, never been in a library• Popular and fiction does not equal easy to read.• Long time to succeed (5-7 years) for full comprehension. (30%-50% pass rate for beginners)• The view that all of these areas can be categorized into one approach
  • 8. Ideas and Opportunities for libraries Developmental& Literacy ESL/IEL Tutoring• Basic definition handouts • Focus on “sourcing”• Employment focus • Help them structure questions• Space for tutoring • Book clubs for non-native• One on One appointments speakers• Shorter sessions, 30 min. • Hands on/interactive sessions• Customized library tour • Multiple read through• Be an “answer” person • Encourage group work• Targeted advertising • Develop a sense of community• Other library services • Librarians attend student presentations
  • 9. Collection DevelopmentInstruction
  • 10. Engaging Students Through OurCollectionsConsiderations for collection development:• Population Needs• Variety of Formats• Age Appropriate Content• Low-Vocab/High Interest
  • 11. Engaging Students Through Our Collections http://marvel.com/universe/File:Youngavengers0 2.jpg Graphic Novels and Urban Fiction
  • 12. Library Instruction: Making an Impact• Reflections (or mistakes I made)• Learning Objectives• Identifying Opportunities Photo by: Todd Binger
  • 13. Group Discussion 1• How do we make it easy for students to feel like part of the library community?• How can we cultivate a culture of reading on campus?
  • 14. Group Discussion 2• How can libraries be involved in curriculum development and support?• What other opportunities are there for outreach?
  • 15. Group Discussion 3• What other departments can we develop relationships with outside of English/ Communications departments?• How can we meet the needs of developmental math classes?
  • 16. Group Discussion 4• How can the library curate collections that better meet the needs of students with literacy needs?• What collections could be developed to focus reading assignments?
  • 17. Group Discussion 5• What learning objectives are appropriate for students in developmental or ESL classes?• How can library instruction better engage students with lower literacy levels?