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The future of LNG as fuelTechnical and infrastructure aspects and considerationsLars SørumDirectorDNV
CONTENTS                                                    BENEFITS OF LNG AS A FUEL                                     ...
Areas affected by MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.   3
The effect of implementing Tier III requirements on NOx  Source; CNSS  Volker Matthias© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights ...
Environmental benefits of natural gas as a fuel© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.   5
30 LNG fuelled ships in operation worldwide                                                                    Ships in op...
32 confirmed LNG newbuilds                                                                     Confirmed orderbook   Year ...
Barrier: Lack of suitable infrastructure© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.      8
Barrier: Regulatory Frameworks        LNG supply infrastructure                              LNG bunkering options        ...
Barrier: Development of bunkering practices Gas fuelled ships:                                             Port and bunker...
Ongoing: ISO standard on LNG bunkering          DNV proposed the topic to ISO TC67/WG10 (ISO workgroup for the LNG industr...
With a predicted 1000 ships fuelled by LNG in 2020 – the    global bunker demand is equivalent to 4-7Mill Tons of LNG     ...
Innovation – Technical, Commercial and Operational                        •    Which bunkering operations                 ...
Summary        LNG is the preferred solution to meet environmental requirements        The technology is proven, 30 ships ...
Safeguarding life, property       and the environment       www.dnv.com© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.   15
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The Future Of Lng As Fuel, Technical And Infrastructure Aspects And Considerations

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LNG as fuel: Its future from DNV\'s point of view

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Transcript of "The Future Of Lng As Fuel, Technical And Infrastructure Aspects And Considerations"

  1. 1. The future of LNG as fuelTechnical and infrastructure aspects and considerationsLars SørumDirectorDNV
  2. 2. CONTENTS BENEFITS OF LNG AS A FUEL CURRENT BARRIERS INNOVATIONS© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 2
  3. 3. Areas affected by MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 3
  4. 4. The effect of implementing Tier III requirements on NOx Source; CNSS Volker Matthias© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 4
  5. 5. Environmental benefits of natural gas as a fuel© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 5
  6. 6. 30 LNG fuelled ships in operation worldwide Ships in operation Year Type of vessel Owner Class Year Type of vessel Owner Class 2000 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2012 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2003 PSV Simon Møkster DNV 2012 PSV Eidesvik DNV 2003 PSV Eidesvik DNV 2012 PSV Olympic Shipping DNV 2006 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2012 PSV Island Offshore DNV 2007 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2012 General Cargo Nordnorsk Shipping DNV 2007 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2007 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2007 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2008 PSV Eidesvik Shipping DNV 2009 PSV Eidesvik Shipping DNV 2009 Car/passenger ferry Tide Sjø DNV 2009 Car/passenger ferry Tide Sjø DNV 2009 Car/passenger ferry Tide Sjø DNV 2009 Patrol vessel REM DNV 2009 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2010 Patrol vessel REM DNV 2010 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2010 Patrol vessel REM DNV 2010 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2010 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2010 Car/passenger ferry Fosen Namsos Sjø DNV 2011 PSV DOF DNV 2011 Chemical tanker Tarbit Shipping GL 2011 Car/passenger ferry Fjord1 DNV 2011 PSV Solstad Rederi DNV Updated 06.08.2012© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 6
  7. 7. 32 confirmed LNG newbuilds Confirmed orderbook Year Type of vessel Owner Class Year Type of vessel Owner Class 2012 PSV Eidesvik Shipping DNV 2014 Car/passenger ferry Society of Quebec ferries 2012 Ro-Ro Sea-Cargo DNV 2014 Car/passenger ferry Society of Quebec ferries 2012 Ro-Ro Sea-Cargo DNV 2014 Tug Buksér & Berging DNV 2012 High speed RoPax Buquebus DNV 2014 PSV Harvey Gulf Int. Marine ABS 2012 PSV Island Offshore DNV 2014 PSV Harvey Gulf Int. Marine ABS 2012 PSV REM DNV 2014 PSV Remøy Shipping 2012 Car/passenger ferry Torghatten Nord DNV 2012 Car/passenger ferry Torghatten Nord DNV 2012 Car/passenger ferry Torghatten Nord DNV 2012 Car/passenger ferry Torghatten Nord DNV 2012 Harbor vessel Incheon Port Authority 2013 RoPax Fjordline DNV 2013 RoPax Fjordline DNV 2013 General Cargo Eidsvaag DNV 2013 Car/passenger ferry Norled 2013 Car/passenger ferry Norled 2013 Ro-Ro Norlines DNV 2013 Ro-Ro Norlines DNV 2013 RoPax Viking Line LR 2013 Tug Buksér & Berging DNV 2013 PSV Harvey Gulf Int. Marine ABS 2013 PSV Harvey Gulf Int. Marine ABS 2013 Patrol vessel Finish Border Guard GL 2013 Car/passenger ferry Society of Quebec ferries 2013 Tug CNOOC 2013 Tug CNOOC Updated 06.08.2012© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 7
  8. 8. Barrier: Lack of suitable infrastructure© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 8
  9. 9. Barrier: Regulatory Frameworks LNG supply infrastructure LNG bunkering options LNG received as shipping fuel LNG truck Truck-to-ship loading station LNG ISO container LNG Onshore LNG LNG tank ADR Port State Legislations Receiving LNG Accreditation VesselEnvironmental permit TerminalSafety case (Seveso)Building permit Jetty-to-ship IMO IGC LNG Port State Legislations Class Rules Bunkerbarge LNG Flag state Bunkerbarge Receiving Port State Vessel IMO IGF Accreditation Class Rules Flag state Ship-to-ship LNG FSU LNG Bunkerbarge IMO IGC Code ISO Guideline (draft by end 2012) Receiving Class rules Local bunkering procedures Vessel© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 9
  10. 10. Barrier: Development of bunkering practices Gas fuelled ships: Port and bunker operations: DNV class rules published 2001 Limited experience and documentation Norwegian Maritime Directorate has rules Standards do not cover all bunkering Interim Guidelines for IGF (International Safety Code Development under way: for Gas Fuelled Ships), 2010 - STS Gothenburg (Got LNG) - “Bungas” – Port of Hamburg - Rotterdam JIP - Singapore JIP - ISO project - More initiatives underway…….© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 10
  11. 11. Ongoing: ISO standard on LNG bunkering DNV proposed the topic to ISO TC67/WG10 (ISO workgroup for the LNG industry) Objective: Develop standard for LNG bunkering equipment and procedures 30+ companies and regulators are participating - 15 countries. - 8 oil, gas and energy companies - 2 regulators - 3 shipping companies - 7 equipment providers - Sigtto and 3 class societies 6 work meetings have been held Ambition is to publish draft standard by the end of 2012© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 11
  12. 12. With a predicted 1000 ships fuelled by LNG in 2020 – the global bunker demand is equivalent to 4-7Mill Tons of LNG Europe & the Baltic Sea 1.4 – 2.2 million China 0.3 – 0.8 million Japan & Korea 0.07 – 0.09 million North America 0.3 – 0.5 million 0.9 – 1.4 million Middle East & India 0.3 – 0.7 million SEA 0.4 – 0.7 million South America Australia & NZ 0.3 – 0.4 million 0.1 – 0.2 million LNG Bunkering demand 2012 LNG Bunkering demand 2020 Equivalent to 4 -7 million tons of LNG© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 12
  13. 13. Innovation – Technical, Commercial and Operational • Which bunkering operations • Price gap between LNG & fit your needs? 2-6 USD/mmbtu other fuel types? • What kind of small-scale LNG 10-11 USD/mmbtu • What will be the price of distribution fits your needs? 15-17 USD/mmbtu LNG in the future? • What are the hazards during • What kind of incentives bunkering operations? Government LNG price gap globally LNG bunker available for the players? station-to-ship LNG Port • Will regulations supplier authority & standards be ready in time? Ship-to-ship LNG • How to convince bunker public that LNG is safe? Truck-to-ship LNG DNV rules & STS bunkering bunker procedure Terminal LNG as • How much • How to solve Ship operator investment to situation of supplying LNG a fuel owner be made to retrofit from large scale • What are LNG terminals? Bit Biking retrofit hazard & risks • How to ensure during shipSmall LNG carrier at large reliability of • What is the best design & scaled LNG terminal infrastructure, strategic investment – development? equipment? newbuild or retrofit? Financial Engine • Is bunkering facility • Will demand be institution manufacturer available outside large enough? ECA zones? Tadoussac Duluth Europe* • Will funding be Incheon Tacoma New York Shaanxi • How to identify the Fujairah Tokyo Bay Fourchon Hubei Busan available? Singapore right locations for Buenos Aires bunkering? Bass Strait© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 13
  14. 14. Summary LNG is the preferred solution to meet environmental requirements The technology is proven, 30 ships in operation and 32 new ships contracted Barriers include lack of suitable infrastructure, regulation and bunkering practices These barriers are currently being broken Regulations and working practices are now being developed for LNG fuelling infrastructure To realise the potential for LNG as fuel is dependent on Innovation, not only technical or operational (procedures) but also commercial The construction of new LNG bunkering infrastructure needs to begin now© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 14
  15. 15. Safeguarding life, property and the environment www.dnv.com© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 15
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