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LNG fuelled ships recent development 2014 02

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What is the current status of LNG fuelled ships ? This presentation aims at showing the latest picture.

What is the current status of LNG fuelled ships ? This presentation aims at showing the latest picture.

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  • 1. LNG as fuel – recent development 1 DNV GL © 2013 SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
  • 2. The backpicture 2 DNV GL © 2013
  • 3. Global Ship Traffic Shipping:  3% of global CO2 emissions 3 DNV GL © 2013
  • 4. Shipping is lagging land-based industry DNV GL © 2013 4
  • 5. Sulphur emission requirements 5 DNV GL © 2013
  • 6. EU sulphur Directive - revision highlights  Revised Directive agreed by EU; – Alignment with MARPOL Annex VI – Agreement on 0.5% in EU waters in 2020 – PAX vessel requirements at 1,5% in all non-ECA EU waters until 2020 (200 NM) – State aid for technology investments (scrubbers, LNG, infrastructure) DNV GL © 2013 6
  • 7. Shipping in a complex regulatory landscape DNV GL © 2013 © DNV GL. All rights reserved. 7
  • 8. LNG as fuel has impact on health and environment HFO 100% LNG 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% CO2 NOx PM SOx CO2: NOx: Particulate matters: SOx: ~20% ~90% >95% >95% reduction reduction reduction reduction LNG Fuelled Ships © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 8
  • 9. Other drivers than ECA for LNG fuel market 3 to 5 $/mmBTU Existing ECAs Upcoming ECAs? Global requirements 9 to 12 $/mmBTU HFO approx 18 $/mmBTU ECA sulphur requirements 2020 / 2025*: Sulphur < 0.50% * Date TBD pending 2018 review – but 2020 will apply in EU waters MGO approx 25 $/mmBTU 2010: Sulphur < 1.0% 2015: Sulphur < 0.1% NOx requirements 2011: NOx Tier II, -20% 2016: NOx Tier III, -80%* *New builds, only m ECA DNV GL © 2013 9
  • 10. A look into the rear mirror 10 DNV GL © 2013
  • 11. 14 years LNG as ship fuel for “non gas carriers” First LNG fuelled ship: GLUTRA in 2000 LNG fuelled cruise liner type ferry: STAVANGERFJORD in 2013 DNV GL © 2013 11
  • 12. LNG fuelled ships – Rules and Regulation in place 2000  2001 first DNV Class rules for gas fuelled ships  2004 NMD proposal to develop the IMO IGF Code  2010 IMO MSC.285(86) in force  2013 DNV Rules Part 6 Ch 13: Gas Fuelled Ship Installations (Ver. Jan 2013)  2013 IMO IGF-Code: International Code of safety for ships using Gases or other lowflashpoint Fuels (Draft Feb 2013) 2013  2013 DNV: Crew Training  SoC 3.325 The use of LNG as a fuel on board vessels (Ver. April 2013)  2013 ISO Guidelines for systems and installations for supply of LNG as fuel to ships (OGP Draft 118683) (draft published in June 2013)  DNV-RP-G106: Recommended Practice for the development and operation of LNG bunker facilities (published Nov. 2013) DNV GL © 2013
  • 13. Key questions are answered/worked on  Tank locations below accommodations are possible  Low pressure prismatic tanks for large LNG volumes will be built  Tank distance from side shell still under discussion (discussed at IMO SDC 1, January 2014 and forward to MSC)  Tank length also under discussion in IMO  Crew training addressed to IMO, ongoing work in SGMF  Harbour regulations: first regulations to be published by port of Antwerp in QA-1 2014  Bunkering with passengers on board is not creating an unacceptable risk DNV GL © 2013
  • 14. LNG Fuelled – from niche segment to world wide shipping 14 DNV GL © 2013
  • 15. LNG fuelled ships LNG Fuelled Ships today LNG Fuelled ships tomorrow DNV GL © 2013 15
  • 16. LNG as fuel for cruise ships 16 DNV GL © 2013
  • 17. Engine arrangement M/S Stavangerfjord  Bergen marine gas motor; 4 pcs B35:40V12PG with GRU  LNG fuelling system; 2 pcs 300m3 LNG tanks with cold boxes, 2 pcs bunkering stations, associated piping  ACON LNG control and monitoring system All existing vessels use Type C tanks. This will change for large amounts of LNG! Source: Rolls Royce Bergen DNV GL © 2013
  • 18. LNG Fuelled ships– running fleet and orderbook 18 DNV GL © 2013
  • 19. 47 LNG fuelled ships in operation worldwide Ships in operation Year 2000 2003 2003 2006 2007 2007 2007 2007 2008 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2011 2011* 2011 2011 Type of vessel Car/passenger ferry PSV PSV Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry PSV PSV Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Patrol vessel Car/passenger ferry Patrol vessel Car/passenger ferry Patrol vessel Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry PSV Chemical tanker Car/passenger ferry PSV * Conversion project Owner Fjord1 Simon Møkster Eidesvik Fjord1 Fjord1 Fjord1 Fjord1 Fjord1 Eidesvik Shipping Eidesvik Shipping Tide Sjø Tide Sjø Tide Sjø Remøy Management Fjord1 Remøy Management Fjord1 Remøy Management Fjord1 Fjord1 Fosen Namsos Sjø DOF Tarbit Shipping Fjord1 Solstad Rederi Year 2012* 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2014 2014 Class DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV GL DNV DNV Type of vessel Car/passenger ferry PSV PSV PSV General Cargo PSV PSV Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry PSV RoPax Car/passenger ferry Harbor vessel General Cargo RoPax High speed RoPax Tug Tug Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Tug Owner Fjord1 Eidesvik Olympic Shipping Island Offshore Nordnorsk Shipping Eidesvik Shipping Island Offshore Torghatten Nord Torghatten Nord Torghatten Nord REM Viking Line Torghatten Nord Incheon Port Authority Eidsvaag Fjordline Buquebus CNOOC CNOOC Norled Norled Buksér & Berging Class DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV DNV LR DNV KR DNV DNV DNV CCS CCS DNV DNV DNV Updated 23.01.2014 Excluding LNG carriers and inland waterway vessels DNV GL © 2013 19
  • 20. 48 confirmed LNG fuelled newbuildings Confirmed orderbook Year 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014* 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014* 2014 2014 2014 Type of vessel RoPax Ro-Ro Ro-Ro Patrol vessel Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Tug PSV PSV PSV PSV Gas carrier Gas carrier Product tanker General Cargo General Cargo PSV Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry Ro-Ro Ro-Ro * Conversion project Owner Fjordline Norlines Norlines Finish Border Guard Society of Quebec Society of Quebec Society of Quebec Buksér & Berging Harvey Gulf Int. Harvey Gulf Int. Harvey Gulf Int. Harvey Gulf Int. SABIC SABIC Bergen Tankers Egil Ulvan Rederi Egil Ulvan Rederi Remøy Shipping AG Ems AG Ems Samsoe Municipality Sea-Cargo Sea-Cargo Class DNV DNV DNV GL LR LR LR DNV ABS ABS ABS ABS BV BV LR DNV DNV DNV GL GL DNV DNV DNV Year 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2017 2017 2018 2018 Type of vessel PSV PSV PSV PSV PSV LEG carrier LEG carrier LEG carrier Container Ship Container Ship PSV PSV Container Ship Container Ship PSV PSV Chemical tanker Chemical tanker Car/passenger ferry Car/passenger ferry RoPax Container Ship Container Ship Container Ship Container Ship Owner Siem Offshore Siem Offshore Simon Møkster Harvey Gulf Int. Harvey Gulf Int. Evergas Evergas Evergas Brodosplit Brodosplit Siem Offshore Siem Offshore TOTE Shipholdings TOTE Shipholdings Siem Offshore Siem Offshore Terntank Terntank Boreal Transport Boreal Transport Brittany Ferries Crowley Maritime Crowley Maritime Matson Navigation Matson Navigation Class DNV DNV DNV ABS ABS BV BV BV DNV GL DNV GL ABS ABS BV DNV DNV DNV DNV GL GL GL GL Updated 23.01.2014 Excluding LNG carriers and inland waterway vessels DNV GL © 2013 20
  • 21. What is the operational experience? 21 DNV GL © 2013
  • 22. Damage experience from our own class records 22 DNV GL © 2013
  • 23. Collecting operational feedback from different stakeholders 23 DNV GL © 2013
  • 24. LNG Fuel - Technical and operational experience 24 DNV GL © 2013
  • 25. LNG Bunkering 25 DNV GL © 2013
  • 26. Global LNG bunker demand by 2020 Europe & the Baltic Sea 1.4 – 2.2 million 0.07 – 0.09 million North America China 0.3 – 0.8 million Japan & Korea 0.3 – 0.5 million Middle East & 0.3 – 0.7 millionIndia 0.9 – 1.4 million SEA 0.4 – 0.7 million South America Australia & 0.1 – 0.2 million NZ 0.3 – 0.4 million LNG Bunkering demand 2012 Source: DNV study - early 2012 LNG Bunkering demand 2020 Equivalent to 4 -7 million tons of LNG 4-7 million tons of LNG p.a is required for 1000 ships in 2020. This corresponds to 0.2-0.3% of global gas production of 2010 DNV GL © 2013 26
  • 27. LNG Bunkering ISO and RP issues 27 DNV GL © 2013
  • 28. Availability of LNG for bunkering  42 vessels  Local traffic along the Norwegian coast and in the Baltic A snapshot from LNG Fuelled vessels February 4th 2014 28 DNV GL © 2013
  • 29. Ready for LNG or not? 29 DNV GL © 2013
  • 30. Are you ready for the future fuel? DNV GL © 2013 © DNV GL. All rights reserved. 30
  • 31. LNG Ready DNV GL © 2013 31
  • 32. ‘LNG Ready’ – Service Overview The stepwise approach enables clients to benefit from DNVs expertise where needed DNV GL © 2013 32
  • 33. The path to become ‘LNG Ready’ 1. STRATEGY – FUEL DECISION • • Fuel consumption estimates • 2. CONCEPT CAPTURE High level technical feasibility Financial feasibility • Detailed technical feasibility study • Cost, pay-back time and sensitivity analysis • Performance benchmarking • Fuel availability (Machinery and tank evaluation and optimization) • Concept Design Review (Statement - class acceptance) • 3. INITIAL DESIGN HAZID • Approval in Principle 4. RISK ASSESSMENT • Gas fuel safety risk assessment (mandatory by IMO) Decision Points. Proceed with the LNG option or not. CLASS APPROVAL (after vessel is ‘LNG Ready’) DNV GL © 2013 33
  • 34. LNG Ready – more than an option DNV GL © 2013 34
  • 35. Will LNG be the future fuel? 35 DNV GL © 2013
  • 36. A look to the past may light the future 20 years after 1. vessel DNV GL © 2013
  • 37. Selandia – first diesel powered ocean going vessel - 1912 Warning: Never mistake a clear view for a short distance (Paul Saffo, Stanford) DNV GL © 2013 37
  • 38. www.dnvgl.com SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER 38 DNV GL © 2013