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“I love my bones!”  Online violence involving children:  Self-harm and dangerous eating behaviours on the Web
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“I love my bones!” Online violence involving children: Self-harm and dangerous eating behaviours on the Web

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  • evidence suggests that Internet can play an undesired negative role in: i) the proliferation of these websites - "I’m writing this blog to know more people like me!" (B3); ii) encouraging to fast or food disruptive behaviours - "(...) holiday means that I’ll have more time to search the internet and make my [diet] plans "(B9);" I started researching on the internet about diets and found a blog pro ana and mia (...) after that I created the blog and entered this world "(B9), iii) the maintenance of a already existing disorder -" I will delete the blog, is making me ill "(B8), iv) promoting alienation from offline social ties -" this is my little world (...) is all I have. "(B2); v) consequently extending the community to new members.
  • Consequently, it is important to note that parents and teachers have an important role throughout this stage of development in youth in order to contribute with a safer psychological and social environment that can help preventing risky behaviours (Reina, Oliva, & Parra, 2010). Despite that, it doesn’t mean that out of curiosity or the feeling of being in control (Garitaonandia & Garmendia, 2007), children won’t enrol in dangerous or unsafe behaviours on the Internet. The Internet is like a Pandora's box that once opened provides a universe of risks (but also of great opportunities). In this case, we consider that pro-anorexia and pro-bulimia blogs disseminate risky contents where children can find easily accessed manuals that encourage food restriction, tricks to fool parents and caregivers, scary "diets" and pharmacological prescriptions (Gradim, 2009) that may influence negatively and endanger children’s emotional and physical welfare in unpredictable ways.
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    • 1. “I love my bones!” Online violence involving children: Self-harm and dangerous eating behaviours on the Web Teresa Castro, António Osório Instituto de Educação, Universidade do MinhoThis doctoral investigation is financed by POPH – QREN – Type 4.1 – AdvancedTraining, European Social Fund and Portuguese national funding from the Ministry of teresa.sofia.castro@gmail.comEducation and Science, through FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, under aresearch grant with the reference SFRH/BD/68288/2010.
    • 2. PhD research What is Online Violence?3 kinds of approach: content, contact, conduct
    • 3. Contents: pro-anorexia 1. Public and easily available 2. Active role of children: -production -dissemination 3. Major concern for parentshttp://cake1983.wordpress.com/2010/03/23/the-truth-about-annas-web/
    • 4. Anorexia vs. pro-anorexiaDisease vs. lifestyleED sufferersWannarexicsHater’sFaker’s http://thejumellesproject.com/2012/09/fashionista-friday-2/Social movement• Provide information• Sense of belonging/community• Promotion of anorexia/anti-recovery
    • 5. The research Sample: 11 Weblogs (B1 to B11) | ♀ 9 / ♂ 2 Portugal 6 / Brazil 7 | y 13...19
    • 6. The researchApproach:qualitative content analysisCriteria:• Portuguese written• Youth target age group• active blogs• Significant content• Publicly availableResults:• Common features• Common contents• Anorexic testimonials http://popsmartszen.com/2010/08/19/pro-ana-anorexia-websites-sticks-stones-bones/
    • 7. Results: Common features/contentTopics: diets, physicalexercise, cutting, suicide, drugs, medical experiences…Thinspiration material:quotes, music, videos, pictures…Tips and tricks: lose weight, hideweight loss, deceive parents…Widgets: body mass index, idealweight calculator, fat percentagecalculator…Contests: challengesSlang: NF, NFC … Fonte: http://fashioningcircuits.com/?p=226
    • 8. Results: Anorexic testimonialsAbout:control, perfection, problems with parents, siblings or boyfriends/girlfriendsFeelings:misunderstanding, frustration, depression, conflict, loneliness, insecurities“I know Im killing myself but remaining fat is worse than dying” (B3)“I feel disgusted with myself” (B9)“(…) my mother is keeping a close eye on me” (B9)“Here I have friends in whom I can trust, and learn who help me a lot” (B2)“I feel like cutting again (...) When I think of the relief that a cut provides…”(B9)[About Ana] "A friend, perhaps enemy. I do not know exactly (...) I cannotlive without her. "(B2)
    • 9. http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/pressure-to-be-perfect Fit Triggering effect Pressure Risky behaviours Media Peers Non acceptance Sense of securiy Transgression Deal with pressures
    • 10. Evidence suggests…Internet can play an undesired negative role:i) proliferation of these websites "I’m writing this blog to know more people like me!" (B3)i) encouraging to fast or food disruptive " I started researching on the internet about diets and found a blog pro ana and mia (...) after that I created the blog and entered this world "(B9)ii) maintenance of a already existing disorder " I will delete the blog, is making me ill "(B8)iii) promoting alienation from offline social ties " this is my little world (...) is all I have. "(B2)i) consequently extending the community to new members
    • 11. Reflect about… opportunities vs. threatshttp://murraycallanswimschools.com/blog/?p=183
    • 12. Thank for your attention  Any question? Teresa Castro, António Osório Instituto de Educação, Universidade do MinhoThis doctoral investigation is financed by POPH – QREN – Type 4.1 – AdvancedTraining, European Social Fund and Portuguese national funding from the Ministry of teresa.sofia.castro@gmail.comEducation and Science, through FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, under aresearch grant with the reference SFRH/BD/68288/2010.